Early medieval women's clothing consisted of "kirtles", which were tunics worn to their ankles. These tunics were often worn over a shirt. When the women were in public, they often topped the tunics with an even shorter "kirtle." Of course the more affluent women wore more luxurious clothing than those of the less affluent lifestyle. Women, especially those who were married, wore tight-fitting caps and nets over their hair, which was wound in a "bun" on their heads. Other women wore veils over their hair, which was left either hanging loosely, or braided tightly.
As with today, clothing styles of medieval men changed periodically. At the end of the 13th century, the once loose and flowing tunics became tighter fitting. Besides tunics, the men also wore undershirts and briefs covered by a sleeveless jacket and an additional tunic. Stockings completed the ensemble. Men's medieval clothing also consisted of cloaks with a round opening that was slipped over the man's head. Such cloaks were worn over other clothing as a type of "jacket".
<< Medieval food
Medieval foods and diets depended much on the class of the individual. For those living in the manor house, there was a wide range of foods available. Fowl such as capons, geese, larks, and chickens were usually available to the lord and his family. They would also dine on other meats; beef, bacon, lamb, and those living close to water may have regularly dined on salmon, herring, eels ands other fresh water fish. Fish would either be sold fresh or smoked and salted. Wealthy society could afford large quantities of milled flour and other meals made from grain. Dairy products such as cheese and butter could be seen on the manor table.
Medieval houses had a timber frame. Panels that did not carry loads were filled with wattle and daub. Wattle was made by weaving twigs in and out of uprights. Hazel twigs were the most popular with Medieval builders. After the wattle had been made it was daubed with a mixture of clay, straw, cow dung and mutton fat. When it had dried, a mixture of lime plaster and cow hair was used to cover the surface and to seal the cracks.The shaping of stone was difficult and expensive. Stones were therefore used sparingly. Stones were sometimes placed at the corners of buildings and around windows and door openings. Bricks were also very costly and in the Middle Ages they were only used to build houses for the very rich
The Medieval Recreation Ring is a collective of organizations, societies, groups and individuals interested in promoting medieval recreation (not fantasy nor RPG), on both social and educational levels, through researching history, development of personnae of those who might have lived in that era, re-learning skill and arts that might otherwise be lost to our modern society, and participation in real-life events, faires, tournaments, feasts, and the like.
The period referred to as the Medieval was extremely violent. The quest for wealth and power was driven by the violent culture of the European countries. Castles were built to act as power bases. Lands were subject to invasion. There was the need for a variety of Medieval weapons to suit the Knights, foot soldiers and archers of the Era. This was the period of the Norman conquest and the battle of Hastings. The fighting in Europe had a brief respite when the attentions of the Medieval warlords turned their attention to the Holy Land when their Medieval weapons were used by the Knights Templar, Teutonic Knights and the Hospitallers to fight in the crusades. Medieval Weaponry was vital to the religious knights.
Christian religious life in medieval Europe were centered around the Catholic Church. Many, many people were involved with the church in some way. Some boys went to a monastery and trained as a monk at a very early age. Girls were allowed to be nuns, the female equivalent of a monk. The top of a monks head was shaved in something called a tonsure. A tonsure is like any normal haircut except there in a single bald spot at the top that was said to represent the crown of thorns that Jesus wore. Peasants had to give one-tenth of their crop a year to the church and the rich gave presents and treasures to the church.
Daily life in the Middle ages was dictated by wealth, power and status and the feudal system. The Feudal System was sustained by the rights and privileges given to the Upper Classes and in most cases enacted by laws. Everything was a source of privilege for the nobles. The high ranking nobles lived in castles with their knights, ladies and retinues. Others enjoyed their daily life on their manors. The peasants, including serfs, freeman and villeins spent their daily life on a manor or village.