Early Human Study Guide Questions



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Early Human Study Guide Questions

  1. List the five early humans in chronological order

  2. Which early human was the first to practice religion?

  3. Who began using fire first? (only by controlling it)

  4. Who learned how to make and control fire?

  5. Name 3 reasons why fire was a useful tool to both early humans and ourselves.

  6. Who were the first early humans to create and use tools?

  7. Why didn’t Neanderthal take care of the elderly as many of us do today?

  8. “Lucy” is the fossilized remains of what early human?

  9. What early human was nick-named “handy man? Why?

  10. What nickname did we give Australopithecus?

  11. Which early human was the first to ceremonially bury their dead?

  12. What early human first used language?

  13. Which early human made beautiful carvings from bone?

  14. Which early human lived entirely during the ice age?

  15. What continent was the first early human discovered on?

  16. What is the name of the oldest Australopithecine skeleton?

  17. What type of shelter did Cro-Magnon live in?

  18. Why was Neanderthal’s body size crucial to their survival?

  19. List two tools the first early human used:

  20. List two different tools the second early human used including the use and material

  21. List two different tools the third early human used including the use and material

  22. List two different tools the fourth early human used including the use and material

  23. List two different tools the last early human used including the use and material




  1. What was “Lucy” named after?

  2. Which early human was anatomically identical to us (modern humans)?




  1. Where did the Australopithecus live?

  2. Which early human lived 35,000 – 10,000 years ago?

  3. How tall were the Australopithecus?

  4. Which early human made cave paintings?

  5. What was the Australopithecus’ diet

  6. Name 5 traditions and discoveries that Cro Magnon made that Modern Humans still use today.

  7. What was the Australopithecine’s shelter?

  8. Why didn’t the first or second early human live in caves?

  9. Which early human had huts, constructed of rocks, clay, bones, branches, and animal hide/fur?

  10. Which early human stole caves from Neanderthal?

  11. What four ways did the Homo habilis communicate?

  12. How did Homo habilis get a fire and keep it contained?

  13. What does Homo habilis mean?

  14. Which 3 early humans lived during some or most of the ice age?

  15. Who were the first early humans to make and wear jewelry?

  16. What stone did the Homo erectus use to make fire?

  17. What was the first Early Human to cook their food?

  18. Was Homo erectus carnivores, omnivores, or herbivores?

  19. Who was the first to migrate out of Africa?

  20. Which early human killed off the Neanderthal?

  21. Did the Homo erectus have the ability to live in caves? Why or why not?

  22. Which early human created the calendar?

  23. What did the Homo erectus use fire for?

  24. What is Homo Erectus mean?

  25. What type of shelter did the Neanderthals’’ live in?

  26. What was the Cro-Magnon’s main shelter? What other type of shelter did they use?

  27. What made the Neanderthals different from other early humans?

  28. What did the Neanderthals need to survive at night?

  29. 4 out of 5 Neanderthals’’ didn’t see what?

  30. What type of human are you?

  31. Which early human didn’t make tools?

  32. Which early human used the lavawa blade that was five times sharper than a surgeon's scalpel and what was it used for?

  33. Which early human was the smartest, and how do we know?

  34. Which early human was the smartest? How do you know?

  35. Where did the Cro-Magnon live

  36. Which early human was the first to wear clothes? Why?

  37. Which early human knew how to make woven clothing?

  38. Which early human was the first migrate out of the original continent? Which continents did they migrate to?

  39. Why was Neanderthal’s nose so big?

  40. Name at least 10 Cro-Magnon firsts.


  1. Describe how the shelter changed from the first early human to the last. Include what the shelters were like and why they changed.


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