Which early human lived entirely during the ice age? Neanderthal
What continent was the first early human discovered on? Africa
What is the name of the oldest Australopithecine skeleton? Lucy
Why was Neanderthal’s body size crucial to their survival? They had short, heavy bodies due to the cold-less surface area to keep warm.
List two tools the first early human used: (Australopithecus)-hands, sticks, or rocks
List two different tools the second early human used including the use and material (Homo habilis)- sharpened bones/wood (made from bone/wood)-used to cut meat and scrape hide off animals; stone flakes (made from stone)-used to cut meat or wood, scrape hide off animal, kill small animals.
List two different tools the third early human used including the use and material IHomo erecuts)-fire (made using flint rock)-to keep warm. Gave them the ability to live in any climate; hand axe (made from rock and stone)-used to chop, gut animals, and smash things open; stone knives (made from stone)-used to cut meat from the carcass.
List two different tools the fourth early human used including the use and material (Neanderthal)-spears (made from wood)-used to hunt animals at close range; Triangular point (made from rock)-used for spear heads and knives; Blades (made from stone)-used to cut things; Flint blade (made from flint rock)-used to scrape fat and sinew from animal hide.
What was “Lucy” named after? Beatles song "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds"
Where did the Australopithecus live? Southern Africa
How tall were the Australopithecus? Females-3 Ft. Tall; Malesfirstname.lastname@example.org Ft. Tall
What was the Australopithecus’ diet They were vegetarians (herbivores)
What was the Australopithecine’s shelter? tall grass, under trees, and under rock overhangs
Why didn’t the first or second early human live in caves? Australopithecus and Homo habilis did not have the tools to kill dangerous animals living caves.
Which early human stole caves from Neanderthal? Cro-magnon
What four ways did the Homo habilis communicate? Body language, touch, grunt, facial expressions
How did Homo habilis get a fire and keep it contained? They used fire caused from natural disasters.
Why was Neanderthal’s nose so big? The large nose created a lot of mucous, which kept the nose from freezing.
Describe how the shelter changed from the first early human to the last. Include what the shelters were like and why they changed. Shelter began with Australopithecus using trees and tall grass. Over time, early humans became more intelligent and were able to use caves like Homo erectus, Neanderthal, and Cro-magnon who could make fire and had better tools.