Early greece world history notes

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DATE: ______________

Bronze Age Civilizations of Greece (3300 BC to 1200 BC)

  • The Minoans

    • ____________________ discovered ancient ruins on the island of Crete in 1878.

      • He name the civilization after the legendary tale of _________ __________ and the _______________.

Give a brief description of the tale of King Minos and the Minotaur.

    • The Minoans were advanced in many ways, one included the use of ___________ ____________.

    • On the island of Crete the palace of Knossos, there is a palace with ­_____________ depicting:

      • Sailing

      • Fishing

      • Trade

      • ­­­­­­________ ___________

      • Women Priests

  • Minoan Language

    • __________________ was the language the Minoans used; however, scholars cannot translate it.

      • This is the reason why the Minoan Civilization still remains to be a great mystery to historians and archeologists.

    • Michael Ventris deciphered ________________, and it is the earliest form of Greek.

      • Linear B is associated with the _____________________ _________________.

Why can’t scholars translate Linear A?

  • A Mysterious Disappearance

    • After _______ BC, much of the Minoan Civilization is reduced to ruins.

    • On the island of ______­­­______/________________, a ___________ erupted causing world wide upheaval. According to scientists, the volcano ranked at a VEI-6 or 7.

      • The destruction at Akrotiri may be the origins of ______________.

      • There also may be a connection to the Biblical Exodus in Egypt.

    • The civilization lingered until about 1400-1250 BC, until the __________________ conquered what was left of the Minoan civilization.

  • Mycenaean Civilization

    • “Historians consider the Mycenaeans the __________________, because they spoke a form of the Greek language.”

    • While the Mycenaeans copied many aspects of the Minoans they were sharply different.

      • They were more _______ - _________.

      • Trojan War in Homer’s Iliad (Trojan Horse)

    • Powerful Kings dominated city-states

    • Built monuments like the Lion’s Gate

Emergence of Greek City-States

  • Greek Polis

    • Around 800 BC, Greece stabilized!

      • Polis- ____________________

      • Acropolis- a walled “_______ _______” containing fortifications and temples “of the local god” and located in the center of a polis.

      • Agora- an open area that served as a ___ ________ & ____________ in early Greek city-states.

        • Agoraphobia- fear of open spaces.

    • The two major city-states were __________ & ___________.


  • Athens was the _________ ____________.

    • _____________: type of government where people vote.

    • Athens was a __________ _____________ where people vote on everything.

  • Sparta

    • Sparta was an________________: rule by the __________!

      • Sparta was ruled by __________ ____________.

      • Helots outnumbered Spartans _____to______!

    • Sparta was an isolated city-state that was culturally and politically different from Athens.

      • Great military, army feared by other nations.

        • Why do you think Spartan society was based on war?

          Do you think the Helots posed a threat to the Spartans?

          F ighting Machines!

  • Greek Military

    • This is a ____________, a Greek infantry soldier.

    • Hoplites were __________ _________ freemen who had to pay for their own weapon and shield.

    • What is this called? ____________________>>>

    • Soldiers get in a tight box. They each have a large shield and a 9 foot long spear. It was used in the ________ ___ _______ ___ in 490 BC. The Athenians defeated the Persians with this tactic.

  • Greeks were ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­_________________, which means they believed in many gods!

    • Certain Gods were like “patron saints” of individual city-states. The city’s god was represented at the temple in the acropolis.

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