|Early America: Early Claims, Early Conflicts
Crusades Renaissance Treaty of Tordesillas
nation states Columbian Exchange Reformation
God, Gold, and Glory Mayflower Compact covenant communities
joint stock company colonial charters Jamestown
mercantilism John Smith Parliament
House of Burgesses Powhatan headright system
brown gold John Rolfe middle passage
Virginia Charters Bacon’s Rebellion William Penn
proprietor Cavalier indentured servant
Plymouth Massachusetts Bay John Winthrop
Salem Witch Trials Thomas Hooker Maryland Act of Toleration
King Phillip’s War Roger Williams Anne Hutchison
Quaker holy experiment Puritan
city on a hill plantation economy Navigation Acts
James Oglethorpe salutary neglect cash crop
triangular trade Pequot War Montesquieu
Enlightenment John Locke Rousseau
Ben Franklin Great Awakening Jonathan Edwards
1. “European colonists generally viewed the Native Americans as inferior people, who could be exploited for the benefit of the colonists.” Assess the validity of this statement. (Think about Native American relationships with English, British, and Spanish.)
2. Could the direction of discovery and colonization in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries have been reversed – that is, could the Aztecs have discovered and colonized Western Europe? Defend your position.
3. What role did un-free labor play in colonial American society?
4. For the period before 1750, analyze the ways in which Britain’s policy of salutary neglect influenced the development of American society as illustrated in the following. Legislative Assemblies, Commerce, Religion.
5. Analyze the extent to which religious freedom existed in the British North American colonies prior to 1700.
6. Imagine that you were one of the leaders of the English settlement in Jamestown. What could you have done to lessen the hardships or to prevent the tragedies that took place during the first fifteen years of settlement.
7. “Puritanism bore within itself the seeds of its own destruction.” Apply this generalization to colonial New England.
8. “Throughout the colonial period, economic concerns had more to do with the settling of British North America than did religious concerns.” Assess the validity of this statement with specific religious or economic examples.
9. To what extent and why did religious toleration increase in the American colonies during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries? Answer with reference the THREE individuals, events, or movements in American religion during this time.
10. To what extent did mercantilism affect the political and economic development of England’s thirteen American colonies?
11. Compare and contrast the goals of the following colonial founders William Penn, John Winthrop, and James Oglethorpe.