E wo/pbc/23/3 original: english date: june 4, 2015 Program and Budget Committee Twenty-Third Session Geneva, July 13 to 17, 2015


STRATEGIC GOAL VII ADDRESSING IP IN RELATION TO GLOBAL POLICY ISSUES



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STRATEGIC GOAL VII ADDRESSING IP IN RELATION TO GLOBAL POLICY ISSUES


This Strategic Goal reflects WIPO’s potential to serve as the leading intergovernmental forum for addressing the intersection between IP, innovation and global public policy issues. It implies proactive and substantive engagement with other UN, intergovernmental, and nongovernmental organizations in order to contribute to the search for shared solutions to the major challenges facing humanity, including climate change, food security, public health, the protection of biodiversity and meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The most immediate impact of many of these global problems is borne by developing and least developed countries, and the programs under this Strategic Goal will be closely involved in the realization of development objectives and Development Agenda recommendations.





Expected Results

Performance Indicators

Responsible Program(s)

VII.2 IP-based platforms and tools for knowledge transfer, technology adaptation and diffusion from developed to developing countries, particularly least developed countries, to address global challenges

Increased membership in WIPO Re:Search, including from developing countries and LDCs

No. of records in the WIPO Re:Search database



Program 18

Program 18







Increased no. of agreements under WIPO Re:Search which lead to new or accelerated R&D in NTDs, Malaria and TB"

Program 18




No. of WIPO GREEN Members

Program 18




No. of records in the WIPO GREEN database

Program 18




No. of agreements catalyzed by WIPO GREEN facilitating knowledge transfer, technology adaptation, transfer and/or diffusion

Program 18




Progress towards an international collaborative framework for effective contribution of IP to food security through consultative process

Program 18




No. of visits to the Global Challenges website

Program 18




Participation of stakeholders in WIPO's platform such as WIPO GREEN and WIPO Re:Search

Program 20


PROGRAM 18 IP AND GLOBAL CHALLENGES




IP AND GLOBAL CHALLENGES
PLANNING CONTEXT


  1. This Program addresses innovation and IP at the nexus of interconnected global issues, in particular global health and climate change, and, to a lesser extent, food security. The choice of priorities reflects both the focus of Member States (e.g., in the post-2015 Development Agenda) and the potential for innovation-driven solutions to deliver tangible results.

  2. Solutions to these global problems depend in part on unlocking the potential of innovation in such a way that countries, at all levels of development, benefit. Increasingly, capacity building, technology transfer and the diffusion of practical tools are taking place via novel forms of collaborations involving a broad range of stakeholders.

  3. The Program’s experience with its two multi-stakeholder platforms, WIPO Re:Search in health and WIPO GREEN in climate change, demonstrates that such initiatives can stimulate early stage research and/or the transfer of existing technologies, e.g., in global health, and lead to a better understanding of IP and capacities to address policy challenges. Across both platforms, the Program will undertake a number of steps to continue developing and implementing strategies to maintain momentum of the consortia and mobilize additional capacity to adequately resource ongoing and planned activities.

IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES




  1. Effective and constructive contribution to innovation-based solutions and to the global policy dialogue will be pursued through a three-pronged implementation strategy:


Developing and maintaining practical IP-based platforms and tools for addressing global challenges


  1. The core element of the Program’s strategy rests on the further implementation and sustainability of its two multi-stakeholder platforms that facilitate effective collaborative networks and technology transfer relevant to health and climate change. Initiatives will build on partnerships and collaborations using open innovation structures, networked innovation and other forms of partnerships to accelerate their impact. Emphasis will also be placed on increasing North–South and South–South collaborations and partnerships that facilitate the global connectivity of developing country innovators.




  1. Together with external partners, technology sharing tools to facilitate the diffusion and transfer of both health and green technologies will be increased, consistent with the goals of the DA, in particular Recommendations 19 (access to knowledge and technology), 25 (transfer of technology) and 30, 40 and 42 (cooperation with IGOs and NGOs).




  1. A strategy to address IP and food security that builds upon WIPO’s previous activities in this area will also be developed during the biennium in consultation with relevant WIPO Programs, as well as external stakeholders, notably IGOs, the private sector and civil society.


Providing enhanced access to, and use of IP information to support Member States, IGOs, the private sector, civil society and other stakeholders and assisting them in the identification of feasible approaches

  1. The Program will continue to engage in policy dialogues on IP and global challenges, with the aim of reinforcing WIPO’s role as a credible source of fact-based information and analysis, serving as a forum for international discussion through formal cooperation with other UN and intergovernmental agencies. Work will be guided by the relevance of IP and innovation to global health, climate change, and food security, the DA and the UN post-2015 Development Agenda.




  1. Policy studies will continue to be developed on topics such as the role of IP and IP management in innovation, technology transfer and technology diffusion in addressing global challenges. Substantive analyses, in the forms of reports and briefs, will aim to facilitate a better understanding of the policy and strategic drivers of innovation; and demonstrate proactively the value of IP as a development tool. This includes the sharing of experiences from the two platforms through case studies aimed at raising awareness of the Program’s activities.




  1. Also, in response to requests from Member States, IGOs, civil society, and other stakeholders, the Program will provide input, as appropriate, in fora related to the Program’s core issues. Ensuring WIPO’s constructive engagement in relevant public policy discussions provides support to other actors and helps establish WIPO as the forum and reference point on IP as it touches on global public policy issues. Integral to this objective is the Program’s ongoing successful trilateral cooperation with the World Health Organization (WHO) and World Trade Organization (WTO).


Enhancing human resource capacities on the relationships among global challenges, innovation and technology transfer


  1. A key aspect of this work will be the exploration of synergies with other Programs of WIPO. For example, as the substantive platforms have been developed, they should increasingly serve as entry points for developing country institutions to access a range of relevant WIPO services and training programs that facilitate access to technical IP information (e.g. patent databases). Projects funded under Funds-in-Trust will continue and build on previous accomplishments from earlier biennia.




  1. Program 18 collaborates primarily with other Programs as illustrated below:

MAJOR RISKS AND MITIGATION STRATEGIES




Risk

Mitigation

Lack of commitment of members or partners for WIPO Re:Search and WIPO GREEN could result in insufficient records and thus reduced credibility of the platforms.

WIPO Re:Search: Increase efforts to enhance resources and activities of Partnership Hub.
WIPO GREEN: Ensure that the services offered are aligned with customers’ needs, effective marketing and maintain close collaboration with existing partners/stakeholders. 

RESULTS FRAMEWORK




Expected Results

Performance Indicators

Baselines

Targets

III.2 Enhanced human resource capacities able to deal with the broad range of requirements for the effective use of IP for development in developing countries, LDCs and countries with economies in transition


No. of hosting arrangements for developing country scientists


% of participants of the IP and Health DL module who affirm use of IP for development through transfer of knowledge and creation of skills

5

n/a


2 additional hosting arrangements


At least 70% of respondents



VII.2 IP-based platforms and tools for knowledge transfer, technology adaptation and diffusion from developed to developing countries, particularly least developed countries, to address global challenges

Increased membership in WIPO Re:Search, including from developing countries and LDCs

No. of records in the WIPO Re:Search database

Increased no. of agreements under WIPO Re:Search which lead to new or accelerated R&D in NTDs, Malaria and TB"


96 Members; 27 from developing countries

(as at end December 2014)


186 database records

(as at April 24, 2015)
90 agreements

(as at April 9, 2015)



8 new Members; 7 from developing countries

300 database records in total


30 new agreements of which 20 are follow-on agreements

 

No. of WIPO GREEN Members

No. of records in the WIPO GREEN database

No. of agreements catalyzed by WIPO GREEN facilitating knowledge transfer, technology adaptation, transfer and/or diffusion


57 Partners; 430 users

(as at April 24, 2015)


2,050 records

(as at April 24, 2015)

7 agreements (AUTM, DKPTO, EACIN, Eco-patent commons, KOTEC, TechnologieAllianz, UNOSSC) (as at April 24, 2015)



14 additional Partners; 200 additional users

1,200 additional records

10 agreements


 

Progress towards an international collaborative framework for effective contribution of IP to food security through consultative process

n/a

A comprehensive draft framework developed

 

No. of visits to the Global Challenges website

No. of page views:
- GCD: 1,353
- Global Health and IP:

4,778
- Climate Change and IP:

2,462
- WIPO Re:Search: 38,852
- WIPO GREEN: 77,752


10% increase



IP AND COMPETITION POLICY

PLANNING CONTEXT




  1. WIPO’s work on IP and competition policy is linked to Strategic Goals I and III. In the context of Strategic Goal I, the work aims at providing WIPO Member States the tools for establishing – at the national level – a balanced normative setting that ensures that IP remains the legal framework for free and open markets. At the same time, ensuring the freedom of markets is a strong catalyst for development.




  1. WIPO will continue to serve as a forum for the sharing of experiences between Member States on IP and competition policy through awareness raising and dissemination of information, with a special focus on developing and least-developed countries.

IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES




  1. Activities linked to the exchange of experiences and assistance to Member States in addressing the interface between IP and competition policy will be continued in 2016/17. These activities will include study and analysis of the use by a number of Member States of the rules of protection against unfair competition as complementary mechanisms to competition law enforcement.




  1. In addition, to ensure that efforts will not be duplicated with other intergovernmental organizations, WIPO will continue coordinating on a regular basis with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the WTO, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and, when appropriate, with the International Competition Network (ICN).

RESOURCES FOR PROGRAM 18




  1. A slight reduction can be observed in the total resources for 2016/17 for Program 18 compared to the 2014/15 Budget after Transfers. This is due to a reduction in non-personnel resources for IP and competition policy and a reduction in personnel resources for the Program in 2016/17 due to the change in the costing methodology for personnel resources in 2016/17 based on actuals based costing.




  1. The Expected Result VII.3 has been merged with Expected Result I.2 in 2016/17 resulting in a shift of resources from VII.3 in 2014/15 to I.2 in 2016/17.




  1. Resources associated with global health related activities have been linked to Expected Result VIII.5 in the biennium 2016/17 to better reflect the trilateral cooperation with the WHO and WTO. This is compensated by a shift of resources linked to Expected Result IV.2.




  1. Resources linked to Expected Results I.1, VI.1, VI.2 and VIII.5 under this Program reflects efforts dedicated by the Office of the Assistance Director General of the Global Issues Sector to the activities of Programs 4, 17 and 20 respectively.


Program 18: Resources by Result

(In thousands of Swiss francs)



Program 18: Resources by Object of Expenditure

(In thousands of Swiss francs)






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