E wo/pbc/23/3 original: english date: june 4, 2015 Program and Budget Committee Twenty-Third Session Geneva, July 13 to 17, 2015


PROGRAM 30 SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED ENTERPRISES (SMES) AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP SUPPORT



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PROGRAM 30 SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED ENTERPRISES (SMES) AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP SUPPORT


PLANNING CONTEXT




  1. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) make significant contributions in countries around the world to GDP, employment generation, innovation, exports, women empowerment, poverty alleviation and sustainable growth. Also making highly significant contributions to innovation and its benefits are universities and public research institutions (PRIs), which have varying capacity and capabilities regarding strategic knowledge transfer and IP commercialization of research results. Both of these segments of activity are affected by the national IP strategies of their respective countries.




  1. The lack of awareness and competency in the field of IP management, the perceived high cost and complexity of the IP system and difficulties in protecting and defending IP rights prevent SMEs, universities and PRIs around the world from benefiting from the advantages of the IP system. This is reflected by their low use of the IP system in general and WIPO’s global services in particular.




  1. Related challenges include low R&D expenditure, weak or non-existent partnerships with academic and research institutions and inadequate access to information, knowledge and technologies available in IP databases. The absence of effective institutional IP policies, incentives and funding for SMEs and the absence of vibrant SME support institutions, in several countries, pose additional challenges in enhancing the better use of the IP system by SMEs, universities and PRIs.

IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES




  1. The Program will continue contributing to ensuring that national IP strategies address promotion of creativity including innovation based on a thorough assessment of the development objectives and an understanding of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and challenges of individual countries.




  1. In order to address the formidable challenge of enhancing awareness and use of the IP system by SMEs in an effective and sustainable manner, the Program will adopt a coordinated project based approach bringing together on a common platform, expertise, experience and best practices of internal and external stakeholders. Appropriate inputs and recommendations will be obtained from national/regional studies on IP and SMEs and from national, regional and international fora and symposia. Novel approaches such as SME IP ambassador/champion and SME IP hand-holding projects may be tried on a pilot basis in certain countries.




  1. The Program acts as the dedicated central reference point within WIPO for SMEs-related IP issues in developing countries, LDCs and transition countries, guided by inputs from Member States and DA Recommendations 1, 4 and 11. The Program will continue to ensure that a solid platform of SME, university and R&D related IP content and support are developed in order to guide the training and capacity building activities being undertaken by the Program itself and by Programs 9 (the Regional Bureaus) and 10 (Cooperation with Certain Countries in Europe and Asia), in close coordination with the WIPO Academy (Program 11). This will encompass the development of materials tailored to the needs of SMEs available for localization and identification of good practices (inter alia to be included in the IP Advantage database) of using the IP system to demonstrate the positive impact on economic benefit, employment and competitiveness. Opportunities for collaboration with other international and regional organizations, as well as with professional associations, with dedicated SMEs and entrepreneurship support programs will also be explored in order to strengthen the development of relevant content and its delivery to achieve high quality results. The training and capacity-building activities will be based on the materials developed by this Program.




  1. In order to maximize the outreach directly to SMEs, universities and PRIs, the Program will revamp the WIPO SME and WIPO University Initiative web sites to leverage them as additional platforms for sharing information on IP management in partnership with national support institutions for SMEs, universities, PRIs and entrepreneurship support institutions. The SME Newsletter will continue to be regularly issued in all UN languages.




  1. Entrepreneurship support to WIPO Member States’ academic institutions to develop an adequate legal and organizational infrastructure, as well as professional human capital to promote strategic IPR management of knowledge and research results from an early stage towards technology markets, will be provided through tailored IP commercialization projects and customized regional and national programs. As in the previous biennium assistance will be provided to universities and R&D institutions in WIPO Member States in order to establish their IP Institutional Polices and Technology Transfer Offices (TTOs), as well as to develop their capacity and human capital to protect and commercialize knowledge and research results through processes such as IP protection, IP valuation, IP marketing, licensing, creation of startups etc.




  1. Broad-based expertise and tools for the research base (universities and PRIs) will continue to be developed. The research base will receive assistance in implementing tailored models of IP strategic development, protection and commercialization structures and in developing skilled human capital able to strategically commercialize IP for economic growth.




  1. Designing the work of Program 30 to achieve impact as well as monitoring and assessing WIPO’s work relating to SMEs, universities and PRIs will receive particular attention in the biennium 2016/17, in line with WIPO’s results-based management framework.




  1. Program 30 collaborates primarily with other Programs as illustrated below:

MAJOR RISKS AND MITIGATION STRATEGIES


Risk

Mitigation

Economic or political changes may lead to reprioritizing of focus on the development of national innovation and IP strategies.

Working closely with beneficiaries, donors and Members States. Planning and coordination of all IP related matters with other international organizations and partners.

RESULTS FRAMEWORK




Expected Results

Performance Indicators

Baselines

Targets

III.1 National innovation and IP strategies and plans consistent with national development objectives


No. of national IP strategies that address the promotion of creativity including innovation


4 initiated (2014)


5 countries



III.2 Enhanced human resource capacities able to deal with the broad range of requirements for the effective use of IP for development in developing countries, LDCs and countries with economies in transition

% of trained IP professionals using upgraded skills in their work

>60%

50%

III.6 Increased capacity of SMEs to successfully use IP to support innovation


% of participants in training programs targeting SME support institutions who express satisfaction with the content and organization of these events


100%

90%


 

% of trained SMEs support institutions who provide information and advisory services on IP asset management

100%

80%

 

No. of countries having established or improved IP training programs for SMEs

13

10 additional

 

No. of countries in which IP policies were developed or adopted for SMEs

n/a

5 countries

IV.2 Enhanced access to, and use of, IP information by IP institutions and the public to promote innovation and creativity

No. of Technology Transfer Offices (TTOs) that were established or strengthened in Universities or R&D institutions under the WIPO University Initiative Program

tbd

6 TTOs

 

No. of universities and/or research institutions having developed and/or improved their IP policies

150 universities in transition countries

10 additional universities

RESOURCES FOR PROGRAM 30




  1. An increase in the total resources for Program 30 in 2016/17 can be observed compared to the 2014/15 Budget after Transfer. This reflects the redeployment of personnel resources to the Program in the 2014/15 biennium to strengthen, in particular, work on national IP strategies and capacity building for SMEs as reflected under Expected Results III.1 and III.2.




  1. The decrease in personnel resources in the 2014/15 Budget after Transfers compared to the 2014/15 Approved Budget reflects (i) the transfer of responsibilities for the implementation of the DA projects Open Collaborative Models and Technology Transfer to Program 5 (The PCT System) and (ii) delays in identifying the right skills and competencies in support of the Program’s activities to compensate for the transfer of a staff member out of the Program.


Program 30: Resources by Result

(In thousands of Swiss francs)


Program 30: Resources by Object of Expenditure

(In thousands of Swiss francs)





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