E. Heim fa09 ranc objectives
Date conversion 03.05.2016 Size 43.69 Kb.
Identify vulnerable populations
Recognize differences among identified populations
Define innate characteristics
Define acquired characteristics
Contrast individual innate & acquired characteristics based on:
Individual life experiences
Invigorates Problem Solving
Right-brained Creative, visionary ppl
Left-brained Preoccupied with details
Balances out Bias
Looks at Strengths & Weaknesses
recognize that everyone including themselves has both
are comfortable with diversity
more likely to accept & supports others by recognizing & using their strengths
If the focus on weaknesses & differences tears down self-esteem, makes ppl defensive or hostile
Facilitates specialization & a variety of careers/services
What is diversity?
Personal strengths & weaknesses
Native abilities or skills
1.existing in one from birth; inborn; native
2.inherent in the essential character of something
3.originating in or arising from the intellect or the constitution of the mind, rather than learned through experience (Source: www.dictionary. Com)
A physical or functional characteristic, acquired during growth and development, that is not genetically based and therefore cannot be passed on to the next generation (Source: www.pbs.org ).
Characteristics of Diversity
Primary characteristics: Obvious:
Secondary characteristics: Less Obvious:
Length of time away from country of origin
Stereotype : Oversimplified belief, conception or opinion about another person or group based on limited information.
If primary characteristics are all you see, then you may fall into the trap of “stereotyping”
Prejudice : An opinion, prejudgment or attitude about an individual or a group
Discrimination is behavior that treats people unequally based on their characteristics
How does diversity affect health & health care?
Language & communication
ESL difficulties, even with interpreters
Health care system
Availability, “red tape”, transportation, general distrust of HC workers/systems, lack of ethnic-specific HC programs, knowledge of HC resources, no primary provider (ER vs only)
Beliefs & practices
Relevant care, fear/apprehension, mistrust of authority/gov’t, previous negative experience, folk medicine, herbal Tx, religion, unfamiliarity with Tx options, S&S gone=cured!
Disparity in Health Care
“In its 2002 publication, “ Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care ," the Institute of Medicine reports that racial and ethnic minorities tend to receive a lower quality of health care than nonminorities, even when patients’ insurance status and income are controlled. The study committee found evidence that stereotyping, biases, and uncertainty on the part of health care providers all contribute to unequal treatment. The report calls for cross-cultural training for providers. ”
Excellent resource website: http://erc.msh.org/mainpage.cfm?file=7.0.htm&module=provider&language=English&ggroup=&mgroup=
Diversity in North Carolina
Total population: 8,063,874
Age 0-19: 2.2 million
Age 20-34: 1.7 million
Age 35-54: 2.4 million
> 55yo: 1.7 million
Am. Indian: 1%
What are Vulnerable Populations?
Social groups with increased relative risk (i.e. exposure to risk factors) or susceptibility to health-related problems.
AEB higher comparative mortality rates, lower life expectancy, reduced access to care, and diminished quality of life.
Often discriminated against, marginalized and disenfranchised from mainstream society, contributing to their lower social status and lack of power in personal, social, and political relationships.
Physically or Mentally Disabled
Limited economic resources
Urban & rural poor
Racial or ethnic minorities
Communication impaired (ESL or other)
ETOH or substance abusers
Vulnerable Population & Characteristics
Contrast innate and acquired characteristics based on the following:
Individual life experiences
Developmental Stages (*see other ppt)
Psychosocial, cognitive, moral
US Population: 304,059,724 (2008, US Census Bureau)
African American/ Black—12.4%
Biracial or Multiracial—2.1%
Transsexual—trapped in a opposite body
Transvestite—dress like opposite sex but view selves as biological gender
Individual Life Experiences
Roles: Spouse/Child, Parents/Grandparents
Nursing Vulnerable Populations
How diverse are HC workers?
In the US, minority populations make up about 25% of the population
Cultural Diversity website:
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