Comparison of the English Revolution and French Revolution
Part One: To complete a comparison chart outlining the similarities and differences between the English and the French Revolution in 6 categories (one is done for you as an example) of your choice.
Be sure to consider the following as possible areas: (* must be covered)
Parliament vs. Estates General
Rebel or Revolutionary leaders
Grievances or Causes of Revolution (can be broken down into more categories ie: social classes, taxes/money etc)
Targets of Anger, Violence, Destruction or Battles
Glorious Revolution vs. Directory
Immediate and Long Term Consequences
*Significance in history
Part Two: Based on what you have learned from studying the English and French Revolution, write a paragraph describing which country you believe the peoplegained the most benefits from their respective revolution? Be sure to also discuss each country’s detriments/losses as well as their gains in order to make an informed decision.
James I: intelligent; slovenly habits; “wisest fool in Christendom”; didn’t make a good impression on his new subjects; introduced the Divine Right of Kings
Charles I: Believed in Divine Right of Kings; unwilling to compromise with Parliament; narrow minded and aloof; lived an extravagant life; Wife Henrietta Maria and people despised her (Catholic)
Burned them to the ground and massacred hundred over hundreds of people.
Believed in universal equality among citizens,
the freedom of the individual
March on Versailles
Crowds of women meeting in Paris decided to march to Versailles to meet the king.
As they went they were joined by many others, and then they attacked the National Assembly and stormed the Palace.
Charles invaded the House of Commons that was very similar to the March on Versailles because that’s when the massive group of women attacked the National Assembly and stormed the palace.
England ruled without Parliament but France ruled with their government
The Puritans were different from the Jacobins because the Puritans wanted everything simple and then the Jacobins wanted things to be more complicated than they needed to be.
Oliver Cromwell was an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.
Thomas Fairfax was the 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron, was a general and Parliamentary commander-in-chief during the English Civil War.
Robert Devereux was an English nobleman. He was also politically ambitious, and a committed general.
Maximillian Robespierre was a Jacobin leader who became leader of Committee of Public Safety
Jean-Paul Marat was a physician, political theorist and scientist. He is known for killing a lot of people then being stabbed to death while having a bath in his tub.
Jacques Danton was a leading figure in the early stages of the French Revolution and the first President of the Committee of Public Safety.
Oliver Cromwell was a political leader and Marat was a political theorist so they both had a fair amount of knowledge about politics.
Cromwell, Robespierre, and Danton all had a position to do with public safety. Cromwell was the Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England. Robespierre and Danton were leaders of the Committee of Public Safety.
Cromwell worked better for the people than Robespierre because he was the Lord Protector of the Commonwealth and Robespierre instituted the Reign of terror.
Cromwell did not like to kill people as much as the leading slaughterers in the French Revolution like Robespierre and Marat.
Grievances or causes of revolution
Religion was a major cause of the English Civil War. It was part of a Europe wide conflict between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism
King Charles and his lack of money.
Raising taxes and passing legislation they were also used as a source of advice and as a means of getting grievances heard.
The struggle of who was going to be ruling of France
Conflict between the Monarchy and the nobility over the “reform” of the tax system led to paralysis and bankruptcy.
Social antagonisms between two rising groups: the aristocracy and the bourgeoisie
Louis XVI was an ineffective ruler which didn’t rule according to the people
Large amounts of food shortages
Charles raising ship money was a tax collecting method which Parliament did not like.
France also had a tax system which was that most of the taxes were being laid mostly upon the peasants who were the ones who couldn’t afford to pay them let alone their own needs (food, clothing)
Both Louis XVI and Charles I kept money for themselves to spend on luxurious items and kept their large purchases on going.
In England those who were against parliament were normally imprisoned but it France they were normally guillotined.
During the English Civil war, England was not in debt or poor, it’s just that Charles kept money for himself. In France they were in debt and poor because of being in so many wars and not being successful.
In England, Charles I invaded the House of Commons but in France the government and Louis XVI get along pretty well.
In France one of the main causes of the revolution was the social classes which England didn’t really have. The English Civil War was more of a Parliament vs Charles I type of issue.
Significance in history
It established that the King couldn't rule without the consent of Parliament, particularly in terms of taxation, and that Parliament is basically ineffective unless supported by the constitutional presence of the monarch.
Parliament recognized that the king needed a sufficient income to pay for his own funds so that there is no need to dissolve Parliament and raise money which are not agreed taxes.
Established a democratic leadership representing the French citizenry.
France was on the edge of bankruptcy and desperate for ways to raise revenue. The offending tax was supposed to apply to all citizens. To dampen public outrage, the government called a meeting of representatives from the "three estates" of France.
Both Nations established a democratic rule and getting all the people of a state involved in making decisions about its affairs.
The primary significance in the French Revolution was that it removed power from a small group of rulers and established a democracy representing the French citizenry, while in England not much got changed according to power. The king held all the power.
In England, the monarch had to rule according to the constitution and laws of the nation rather than their own ideal and beliefs. In France, the monarch could rule however he/she wanted
The English fought the civil war to protect their rights, while the French fought the revolution because they had no say in the government, bad tax system, and many other reasons
In my opinion I am positive that the civilization in England benefited a large amount more than the people in France. To start off, there was a large amount of people that got guillotined, killed for no apparent reason but there were some people who were actually guilty of the crimes that they committed. People in France during this time were getting slaughtered hundreds of people every day getting their heads cut off. Even though they were not guilty for any crimes. People were going and saying that this person did this crime and for all I know they could have been neighbors but there was no need of proof or justification of the crime, if someone said you did it, you shall die. Many people in France were scared every day because one moment they could be living happily with their family eating dinner and the next moment they could be in the looking down at a wooden board that’s covered in somebody else’s blood. Another reason why is because the government in France at that time created a frightening law that anyone that goes against the government fair was to be executed. You could be on your front lawn and some salesman walking by your house could hear you disagreeing with what the government was doing and so he would go and say that you were disagreeing with them and you shall be executed. If you wanted to have a conversation with someone about how the government is not doing the correct thing, you should learn sign language because otherwise you are going to be dead soon. King Louis knew that his people were furious about his acts. He tried to escape, got caught, got sent back to his palace and later executed from trying to save his family. That shows how harsh the punishments were in that time period. During the English Civil war, the English monarchs had been required to accept the Bill of Rights, making England a constitutional monarchy. That made lives in England a whole lot easier. The taxes in France were getting payed by the third estate which is of course the poorest people of France but also the most populated. They already were having troubles paying for their meals and clothing and now they have to pay all of these taxes. They were not very happy about it. It made life a lot harder for them and for these reasons I believe that the people in France had it a lot harder than the people in England.
English and French Revolution Comparison Assignment Assessment
Name: chris raggett
Ex: Excellent VG: Very Good G: Good S: Satisfactory IN: Improvement is needed
English and French Revolution Columns:
Each section thoroughly completed:
All important details in each category are listed
Topic has a causal effect related to the particular Revolution