The doctrine of aboriginal title is rendered unnecessary in South Africa by the Restitution of Land Rights Act as the courts are not required to invent a legal basis for restitution claims51. Precedents exist in Germany for the extension of lodgement of land claims, and for exceptions to be made to accommodate those who could not participate from the programme where through experience their exclusion cannot be justified52. Nonetheless, there are lessons to be learnt by South Africa with regard to the jurisprudence and administrative experiences of these countries.
28Surplus Peoples Project in the White paper on South African Land Policy, 1997; and Mbeki, T. The Land Shall Belong to Those Who Work it. ANCT Today, Volume 3, No 24. June, 2003 [online]. See http://www.anc.org.za/docs/anctoday/2003/at24.htm [accessed on 19 January 2013]
29Dube, P, “Reconsidering Historically Based Land Claims” Master’s Degree Thesis” 2009:
30Seehttp://wiredspace.wits.ac.za/bitstream/handle/10539/275/18_chapter6.pdf;jsessionid=B91F3FCD213CD64779D655626DE96F2B?sequence=18 [accessed on 8 February 2013]
31 See Hlolweni, Mfolozi & Etyeni Communities v North Pondoland Sugar (Pty) Ltd & Another, LCC 41/03
34 Alexkor Ltd and Another v Richtersveld Community and Others (CCT19/03)  ZACC 18; 2004 (5) SA 460 (CC); 2003 (12) BCLR 1301 (CC) (14 October 2003), paragraph 41
35 This may take various forms such as institutionalised land user rights adapted from customary tenure systems, sectional titles and a collective land use right.
36 Sections 35 (3) and 42D (3) of the Restitution Act
37. Moyo, S. 2004. The Politics of Land Distribution and Race Relations in Southern Africa. Identities, Conflict and Cohesion Programme Paper Number 10 December 2004. Geneva: United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD)
39Dube: 51. He however points out that Canada and Australia are developed countries whilst South Africa is a developing country and that the neither the Canadian nor Australian Constitutions provide for restitution. Restitution in those countries is dealt with through judicial interpretation of the common law.
40Mabo and Others v State of Queensland (No 2) (1992) 175 CLR 1 referred to in Dube: 52 and at http://www.atns.net.au/agreement.asp?EntityID=741 [accessed on 11 February 2013]
43 Delgamuukw v British Columbia  3 SCR 1010 referred to in Dube: 65 at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delgamuukw_v._British_Columbia [accessed on 11 February 2013]
46Bundesergänzungsgesetz zur Entschädigung für Opfer der nationalsozialistischen Verfolgung 1953, Bundesgesetz zur Entschädigung für Opfer der nationalsozialistischen Verfolgung, 1956 and Bundesentschädigungsschlussgesetz 1965.
47See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_Restitution_Laws [accessed on 11 February 2013]
48As above, 68
49See http://www.afw-saarburg.de/web_en/publish/news_18.html [accessed on 11 February 2013]
52 The Bundesergänzungsgesetz zur Entschädigung für Opfer der nationalsozialistischen Verfolgung 1953 was negotiated in a period of 3 and a half months, and had to be amended to accommodate those that had been excluded from the programme
Land Restitution Policy (post 1913 dispossessions)