Dr. Martin Luther King Jr



Download 49.8 Kb.
Date conversion31.05.2016
Size49.8 Kb.
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was the most important leadership / leader of the American civil rights movement. He helped unite / untie a nation with his powerful speeches and use of non-violent protests. His 1963 “I Have a Dream” speech is one of the great / greatest in human history. King’s efforts to / for end racial discrimination earned him the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.
King was born in 1929 in Atlanta. His father was a reverend and such / so King had a religious upbringing. He graduated from college with a degree and a Ph.D. in religious students / studies. King went to India to visit Gandhi’s family. He was inspired from / by Mohandas Gandhi's success with non-violent resist / resistance and saw it as a “potent weapon” in America’s struggle for civil rights.
King was instrumental / instrument in achieving many successes in ending segregation laws. He led the Montgomery Bus Boycott which ended racial segregation on public buses in Montgomery. He reality / realized that non-violent protest would attractive / attract extensive media coverage of the struggle for / to racial equality. His campaigns soon elevated the Civil Rights Movement to be the most important issue in American politics.
King helped organize the famous / fame Million Man March on Washington in 1963, where he spoke to the nationality / nation appealing for racial harmony. His non-violent protests saw / met with success as Congress passed civil rights laws (1964) and voting rights laws (1965). King’s friendship with President John F. Kennedy also helped his because / cause. King was assassinated on March 29, 1968. The day is now a national holiday in the USA.
TASKS: Identify all topic vocabulary
Timeline of Martin Luther King Jr.'s Life:


1929

Born on January 15, in Atlanta, Georgia

1948

Graduates from Morehouse College

1953

Marries Coretta Scott

1955

Earns a doctoral degree

1956

Dr. King's house is bombed

1958

Dr. King publishes his first book, Stride Toward Freedom

1963

Dr. King gives his "I Have a Dream" speech at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.

1964

Dr. King is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize

1968

Dr. King is assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee

1986

Martin Luther King Jr. Day is declared a national holiday in the U.S.



SYNONYM MATCH:

Paragraphs 1 and 2
 


 

 

1.

unite

a.

racism

2

protests

b.

battle

3.

discrimination

c.

demonstrations

4.

inspired

d.

powerful

5.

potent

e.

join

6.

struggle

f.

motivated


Paragraphs 3 and 4
 


 

 

7.

instrumental

g.

mission

8.

realized

h.

wide

9.

extensive

i.

understood

10.

appealing

j.

important

11

cause

k

killed

12

assassinated

l

asking


SCRAMBLED SENTENCES


1.

of    American    rights    leader    the    civil    movement

2.

with    helped    his    unite    powerful    a    speeches    nation    He

3.

Dream    “    ”    I    speech    Have    His    a    1963

4.

by    Gandhi's    He    inspired    Mohandas    success    was

5.

struggle    rights    for    America’s    civil

6.

for    struggle    the    of    coverage    media    equality    racial

7.

important    in    politics    most    issue    American    the

8.

famous    the    organize    helped    King    March    Man    Million

9.

to    racial    the    harmony    nation    he    appealing    spoke    for

10.

in    The    now    holiday    USA    is    national    the    day    a





Practice reading this extract from Martin’s speech.

Try to think about how Martin Luther King would have felt when making his world famous speech.




LISTENING GAP FILL

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was the most important ________________ American civil rights movement. He helped ________________ his powerful speeches and use of non-violent protests. His 1963 “I Have a Dream” ________________ the greatest in human history. King’s efforts to end racial discrimination ________________ Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.

King was born in 1929 in Atlanta. His father was a reverend and so King had a ________________. He graduated from college with a degree and a Ph.D. in religious studies. King went to India to visit Gandhi’s family. He ________________ Mohandas Gandhi's success with ________________ and saw it as a “potent weapon” in America’s ________________ rights.

King was instrumental __________________ successes in ending segregation laws. He led the Montgomery Bus Boycott which ________________ segregation on public buses in Montgomery. He realized that non-violent protest would ________________ media coverage of the struggle for racial equality. His campaigns soon elevated the Civil Rights Movement to be the most ________________ American politics.

King ________________ famous Million Man March on Washington in 1963, where he spoke to the ________________ for racial harmony. His non-violent protests met with success as Congress passed civil rights laws (1964) and ________________ (1965). King’s friendship with President John F. Kennedy also ________________. King was assassinated on March 29, 1968. The day is now a national holiday in the USA.



Paragraph 4
 


13.

King helped oirzngea the famous Million Man March

14.

appealing for racial yhaonrm

15.

King’s nprfhsdiie with President John F. Kennedy

16.

now a laoantin holiday in the USA.


SPELLING

Paragraph 1
 


1.

powerful esecepsh

2.

use of non-violent rsptstoe

3.

the greatest in anumh history

4.

readne him the Nobel Peace Prize


Paragraph 2
 


5.

King had a useoirigl upbringing

6.

a deeerg and a Ph.D.

7.

He was espidnri by Mohandas Gandhi's

success


8.

America’s esgltgru for civil rights


Paragraph 3
 


9.

ndgnie segregation laws

10.

attract extensive emdai coverage

11.

racial iqyleuta

12.

the most important uises




























PUT THE TEXT BACK TOGETHER

Number these lines in the correct order.

(    )

 


of the greatest in human history. King’s efforts to end racial discrimination earned him the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.

(    )

 


college with a degree and a Ph.D. in religious studies. King went to India to visit Gandhi’s family. He was inspired

(    )

 


nation with his powerful speeches and use of non-violent protests. His 1963 “I Have a Dream” speech is one

(    )

 


equality. His campaigns soon elevated the Civil Rights Movement to be the most important issue in American politics.

(    )

 


laws. He led the Montgomery Bus Boycott which ended racial segregation on public buses in Montgomery. He realized

( 1 )

 


Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was the most important leader of the American civil rights movement. He helped unite a

(    )

 


King was instrumental in achieving many successes in ending segregation

(    )

 


that non-violent protest would attract extensive media coverage of the struggle for racial

(    )

 


King was born in 1929 in Atlanta. His father was a reverend and so King had a religious upbringing. He graduated from

(    )

 


by Mohandas Gandhi's success with non-violent resistance and saw it as a “potent weapon” in America’s struggle for civil rights.

(    )

 


rights laws (1964) and voting rights laws (1965). King’s friendship with President John F. Kennedy also helped

(    )

 


his cause. King was assassinated on March 29, 1968. The day is now a national holiday in the USA.

(    )

 


King helped organize the famous Million Man March on Washington in 1963, where he spoke

(    )

 


to the nation appealing for racial harmony. His non-violent protests met with success as Congress passed civil






Martin Luther King, Jr.

Martin Luther King, Jr., was a great man who worked for racial equality and civil rights in the United States of America. He was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia. Martin had a brother, Alfred, and a sister, Christine. Both his father and grandfather were ministers. His mother was a schoolteacher who taught him how to read before he went to school.

Young Martin was an excellent student in school; he skipped grades in both elementary school and high school . He enjoyed reading books, singing, riding a bicycle, and playing football and baseball. Martin entered Morehouse College in Atlanta, Georgia, when he was only 15 years old.

Martin experienced racism early in life. In most public places, there were signs that said "Whites Only" to tell the black people they were not welcome. He decided to do to something to make the world a better and fairer place. After graduating from college and getting married to Coretta Scott, Dr. King became a minister and moved to Alabama.

During the 1950's, Dr. King became active in the movement for civil rights and racial equality. He participated in the Montgomery, Alabama, bus boycott with Rosa Parks and many other peaceful demonstrations that protested the unfair treatment of African-Americans. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.

Dr. King was assassinated on April 4, 1968, by James Earl Ray in Memphis, Tennessee. Commemorating the life of a tremendously important leader, we celebrate Martin Luther King Day each year on the third Monday in January, the month in which he was born. August 28, the anniversary of Dr. King's 1963 I Have a Dream speech, is called "Dream Day."


Comprehension Questions
1. Martin Luther King, Jr. was speaking out against ________________
against African Americans.
2. What was Martin Luther King, Jr’s occupation? ________________
3. Prior to desegregation which followed the Civil Rights Movement, many
establishments posted signs which read ____________________.
4.Who joined Martin Luther King, Jr. on a bus boycott in Montgomery,
Alabama? ____________________
5.These two heroes not only staged bus boycotts, but also participated in
many other peaceful _________________.
6. Unfortunately, the fight for civil rights led to much unnecessary
_____________ against African Americans.
7. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Rosa Parks were advocating for
_______________ and civil _______________ for African Americans.
8. When is Martin Luther King, Jr.’s actual birthday? _________________
9.When do we celebrate Martin Luther King, Jr’s birthday?
_________________________________
10. Who assassinated Martin Luther King, Jr.? ______________________
Vocabulary Words:
3rd Monday in January rights James Earl Ray
prejudice Rosa Parks Whites Only
January 15th equality minister
protests violence

EXCERPT: I say to you today, my friends, so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream.

I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: "We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal."

I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.

I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.

I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.

I have a dream today.

I have a dream that one day, down in Alabama, with its vicious racists, with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of interposition and nullification; one day right there in Alabama, little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers.

I have a dream today.

I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together.

This is our hope. This is the faith that I go back to the South with. With this faith we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day.

This will be the day when all of God's children will be able to sing with a new meaning, "My country, 'tis of thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing. Land where my fathers died, land of the pilgrim's pride, from every mountainside, let freedom ring."

And if America is to be a great nation this must become true. So let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire. Let freedom ring from the mighty mountains of New York. Let freedom ring from the heightening Alleghenies of Pennsylvania!



Let freedom ring from the snowcapped Rockies of Colorado! Let freedom ring from the curvaceous slopes of California! But not only that; let freedom ring from Stone Mountain of Georgia! Let freedom ring from Lookout Mountain of Tennessee! Let freedom ring from every hill and molehill of Mississippi. From every mountainside, let freedom ring.

And when this happens, When we allow freedom to ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God's children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual, "Free at last! free at last! thank God Almighty, we are free at last!"


The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2016
send message

    Main page