Downingtown West High School Inquiry Proposal Form Instructions Complete the following form in detail. You will have one opportunity to present this information in person and clarify any details. Subsequent submissions will need to be clearly written as you will not have further opportunity to clarify details. Item Student Response 1. Research question with associated project goals if applicable) Include a revised question, if needed. To what extent does adolescent social media engagement correlate to environmental literacy at Downingtown West High school Environmental Literacy is defined as the pro-environmental behavior, knowledge, and awareness (an individual’s understanding that his/her choices affect the environment (making choices that help the environment rather than harming it - due to ignorance. 2. Reasons for choosing the topic of interest and research question/project goal. This research can then be used to advise educators on how to revise the curriculum in order to engage older adolescence in their environmental education. There is alack of research regarding the correlation between social media platforms and older adolescents environmental literacy. According to the Pew Research Centre ( 2015), at least 92% of teenagers are active on social media. In general, there are few studies of high school students environmental literacy and have shown different causes for this problem. The purpose of the study is to examine a possible correlation between the importance of social media platforms (Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, and Snapchat) on the environmental literacy of high school students specifically, this study will investigate the influence of social media platforms on the development of high school students environmental literacy at Downingtown West High School. A number of studies have revealed that apart from peer relationships and formal education settings, social media drives student knowledge (Abbas, Aman, Bano, & Nurunnab, 2019);(Piotrowski & Valkenburg, 2017). Electronic media, specifically social media, holds the power to alter adolescents peer interactions and knowledge (Brown & Larson, 2009). The impact of environmental literacy increases during the teenage to adult years (Öllerer, 2015), so it is important to understand some of the most important factors in a high school student’s environmental literacy development. This research can then be used by educators taking social media into account in all learning settings. 3. Data or information that will have to be collected to answer the research question/address the project goal. This research will require a general survey to be conducted. Participants from different grade levels, 9-12, will be asked to participate in the survey. The survey will ask participants which platforms they use the most, including the primary purposes of each. The survey will use the statements from the New Environmental Paradigm (NEP) and questions pertaining to the uses of specific social media platforms as well as statements from the Facebook Intensity Scale to determine the influence/impact of social media on the student’s decisions/opinions. 4. Brief list of possible sources of information to discuss during the introduction of the paper. Abbas, J, Aman, J, Bano, S, & Nurunnabi, M. (2019). The impact of social media on learning behavior for sustainable education Evidence of students from selected universities in Pakistani, 11 (6), 1-23. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061683
Broughton-Ansin, F, Deaker, L, Harraway, J, Jowett, T, & Shephard, K. (2012). Exploring the use of the revised new ecological paradigm scale (NEP) to monitor the development of students' ecological worldviews. The Journal of Environmental Education , 43 (3), 177-191. https://doi.org/10.1080/ 00958964.2011.634450 Ellison, NB, Steinfield, C, Lampe, C. (2007). The benefits of Facebook friends Social capital and college students use of online social network sites. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication , 12 , 1143-1168. Öllerer, K. (2015). Environmental education – the bumpy road from childhood foraging to literacy and active responsibility. Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences , 12 (3), 205-216. https://doi.org/10.1080/ X Piotrowski, J. T, & Valkenburg, PM. Plugged in How media attracts and affects youth . Retrieved from YALE University Press database. Spínola, H. (2015). Environmental literacy comparison between students taught in eco-schools and ordinary schools in the Madeira Island region of Portugal [PDF]. Science Education International , 26 (3), 392-413. Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1074869.pdf 5. Chosen or developed a research method to collect and analyze the above data/information. After the NEP statements are shown to the participants, social media related questions are shown. Participants are to answer these questions, which ask them about the way they use different social media platforms, he amount of time they spend using social media, and if its influences their decisions or opinions. I will be collecting demographic information about the participants such as grade level, age, and self-reported awareness (including if they believed they were environmentally conscious. The survey should take 5-10 minutes. The New Environmental Paradigm (NEP) will then be used to evaluate a high school student’s environmental literacy. The NEP is one of the few widely accepted instruments used by environmental researchers. It has been revised and has a strong correlation between the responses and a higher environmental literacy level (Spínola, 2015) & (Broughton-Ansin, Deaker, Harraway, Jowett, & Shephard, The NEP has been used by a variety of studies analyzing the correlation between environmental knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs and environmental literacy. As part of the NEP, a series of 15 statements regarding the natural environment, human actions, and pro-environmental behavior are shown to the participants. The participants are then asked to rate how strongly they agree with the statements(shows the beliefs and from then one can access the students factual knowledge and self-reported awareness. After the NEP statements are shown to the participants, altered questions from the Facebook Intensity Scale will be displayed. The statements from the Facebook Intensity Scale asks questions pertaining the impact of a specific social media platform, Facebook, on the lives/decisions/opinions of the participants Ellison, Lampe, & Steinfield, 2007). Numerous studies have proved the Facebook Intensity Scale to be one of the more reliable and valid scale on measuring emotional connectedness to the site and its integration into individuals daily activities. The questions will be altered to ask about four social media platforms (listed in the survey) rather than one because Facebook is not considered the only social media platforms used by older adolescence (PEW Research Report, 2015). The questions ask the participants on whether the social media platform is part of the participant’s everyday activity, if it has become part of a daily routine, if they feel apart of that social media community, and how many hours on average does the participant spend on social media. In addition, the
participant will be asked if these social media platforms influences their decisions/opinions (self-reported awareness. These questions will be utilized to determine the impact of social media on high school student’s decisions/opinions, which can be then used to understand the correlation between this and environmental literacy. Certain questions asking the participants whether they see environmental issues posted on social media platforms (this question shows the importance of issues regarding the environment are in social media) and how likely they are to repost/spread the issue. These reason for these questions is because they act as abridge between the two scales (NEP and Facebook Intensity Scale. Equipment or resources needed to collect data or information. The data will be collected through an anonymous digital survey. I will be using Google Forms as it is accessible to high school students with a device. (Possible Survey. In addition, I will ask the administrators to post the survey on Schoology. I will have to create posters with QR codes on it that can be spread throughout the school. Google Forms is able to analyze the data, and it will then be recorded in a Google spreadsheet to calculate the environmental literacy of high school students and social media’s impact on their environmental literacy. I will examine any correlation between social media and a high school student’s environmental literacy. 7. Anticipated challenges to implementing the chosen research method to collect and analyze data or to pursuing research methods appropriate to a paper that supports a performance/exhibit/pro duct. I will need to ensure that unbiased sampling is used, which is a reason for the schoology survey and QR codes. I will also need a larger sample to represent high school students. The survey will be kept open for one week in order to make sure that many students can participate in the survey. 8. Expected approvals needed and from where (IRB) Approval from the administrators will be required in order for the survey to be released through schoology. Proposal Committee Feedback Proposal Committee Signatures Signature:________________________________________________ Date Signature Date Signature Date Signature Date
New Environmental Paradigm 1. We are approaching the limit of the number of people the Earth can support. 2. Humans have the right to modify the natural environment to suit their needs. 3. When humans interfere with nature it often produces disastrous consequences. 4. Human ingenuity will ensure that we do not make the Earth unlivable. 5. Humans are seriously abusing the environment. 6. The Earth has plenty of natural resources if we just learn how to develop them. 7. Plants and animals have as much right as humans to exist.
8. The balance of nature is strong enough to cope with the impacts of modern industrial nations. 9. Despite our special abilities, humans are still subject to the laws of nature. 10. The so-called ecological crisis facing humankind has been greatly exaggerated. 11. The Earth is like a spaceship with very limited room and resources. 12. Humans were meant to rule over the rest of nature. 13. The balance of nature is very delicate and easily upset. 14. Humans will eventually learn enough about how nature works to be able to control it. 15. If things continue on their present course, we will soon experience a major ecological catastrophe. Facebook Intensity Scale 1. Facebook is part of my everyday activity 2. I am proud to tell people I'm on Facebook 3. Facebook has become part of my daily routine 4. I feel out of touch when I haven't logged onto Facebook fora while 5. I feel I am part of the Facebook community 6. I would be sorry if Facebook shutdown. Approximately how many TOTAL Facebook friends do you have * 8. In the past week, on average, approximately how much time PER DAY have you spent actively using Facebook