Document-Based Question: The Columbian Exchange

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Document-Based Question: The Columbian Exchange
Answer the questions below using the documents to support your answer.
Triangular trade between Europe, the Americas, and Africa brought about the exchange of plants, animals, and even diseases. This worldwide exchange has become known as the “Columbian Exchange,” named for Christopher Columbus. The basic elements of everyday life—from what people ate to whether they lived or died—changed forever on several continents.
Document 1: The diagram illustrates crops and diseases exchanged among continents.

  1. Based on the diagram, which crops from Europe became important to the economy of the Caribbean?

  1. In which direction did disease travel in the Columbian Exchange?

Document 2: Columbus’s Journal

Columbus kept a journal detailing his arrival in the Caribbean in 1492. This excerpt describes the first trades made with Native Americans.

  1. Explain what can be inferred from Columbus’s statement “I was very attentive to them, and strove to learn if they had any gold.”

Document 3: The Historian’s Viewpoint

Alfred Crosby is the historian who invented the phrase “Columbian Exchange.” Below is an excerpt from an essay he wrote on the global impact of the Columbian Exchange.

  1. What point is Alfred Crosby trying to make about the main foods of southern Africa, Kansas, and Argentina?

Answer the following question on the answer sheet provided. Use the documents and graphics provided to support your answer.

How did the Columbian Exchange change the world’s food supply?

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