Directions: Complete the timeline chart below with information from the presentation. Please summarize the event that occurred on each date in your own words. Date Event South Africa



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Africa’s Independence Movements

Directions: Complete the timeline chart below with information from the presentation. Please summarize the event that occurred on each date in your own words.


Date

Event

file:flag of south africa.svg


South Africa


1600s




1910




1948




1951




1960




1961




1994




flag of kenya.svg


Kenya


1800s




1900s




1920s




1956




1963




1978




1990s




flag of nigeria.svg


Nigeria


1914




1950s




1957




1960




1966




1999



KEY


Date

Event


South Africa


1600s

the British and the Dutch colonized South Africa

1910

Great Britain established the Union of South Africa, and power was only given to whites

1948

National Party enforced apartheid across South Africa

1951

European government officials created the Bantu Authorities Act, which limited where black South Africans could live

1960

White-only election; voters approved independence

1961

Great Britain granted South Africa independence

1994

Nelson Mandela was South Africa's first black chief executive, and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election


Kenya



1800s

Arab traders took control of Kenya’s coast

1900s

British remained in Kenya

1920s

opposition groups began to form

1956

Violent rebellion against the British

1963

Great Britain granted Kenya independence

1978

Kenyatta died; had helped Kenya become one of the most stable and economically dynamic countries in Africa

1990s

the KNAU ran unopposed in elections


Nigeria



1914

Great Britain took over the area

1950s

Great Britain allowed Nigeria to elect its own government

1957

elected Abubakar Tafawa Balewa as their first prime minister

1960

Great Britain granted Nigeria independence

1966

Military coup overthrew government and killed prime minister

1999

Democratic government was established



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