Describe the scenes which show the marines landing are they being opposed?



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Comprehension

1a Describe the scenes which show the marines landing - are they being opposed?

1b Is there any evidence of them being opposed elsewhere in the clip?

Analysis and interpretation

1c What evidence does this film clip provide historians with, about:

US technology, firepower and equipment?

US tactics?

1d In what ways is this a useful source for historians studying Viet Cong tactics?

1e How might the voice over to this clip sound if it were being used for a news programme in:

America


Britain

North Vietnam?



The Case Study question

Look at your answers to the questions on source 1.

Does Source 1 help you to decide whether any of the criticisms of US policy were valid?

Does the source help you to decide whether the criticisms are only valid in hindsight?


Comprehension

2a According to the report, is Ho Chi Minh a genuine nationalist leader?

2b What is Ho’s attitude to Stalin and Mao?

2c Explain Ho Chi Minh’s policy towards the peasants.

2d Summarise the conclusions of this report.

Analysis and interpretation

2e How would you describe the tone of this report and its attitude to Ho Chi Minh? Does this affect your view of its reliability?

2f Do you think Ho’s peasant policies would be effective in gaining support for his movement?

The Case Study question

Look at your answers to the questions on source 2.

Does Source 2 help you to decide whether any of the criticisms of US policy were valid?

Does the source help you to decide whether the criticisms are only valid in hindsight?


Comprehension

3a Give two reasons why Eisenhower believed Indochina was important to the USA.

3b Summarise the Domino principle in your own words.

Analysis and interpretation

3c Is Eisenhower’s explanation based on moral principles or political ones? Explain your answer.

3d Think about all of the points which Eisenhower makes in this document.

Does the Domino Theory seem logical?

Does Eisenhower provide convincing evidence to support the theory?

Would you have accepted the Theory in 1954?

Would you accept it now?

The Case Study question

Look at your answers to the questions on source 3.

Does Source 3 help you to decide whether any of the criticisms of US policy were valid?

Does the source help you to decide whether the criticisms are only valid in hindsight?


Comprehension

4a Is the Vietnam War a major concern for the USA in 1965? How do you know?

4b According to the document, why is the USA bombing North Vietnam?

4c Why do they have no choice?

4d How much effect does US bombing seem to be having on North Vietnam’s policies?

4e Would you agree that the situation the Foreign Secretary is describing is a stalemate? Explain your answer.

Analysis and interpretation

4f Is it possible to tell whether the Foreign Secretary supports or does not support US policy from this document?

4g Look at the section on the USA’s use of gas. What does it suggest about:

British attitudes to US actions in Vietnam?

The potential for media coverage to make a big impression?

4h Does this document give the impression that US policy is clear, or does the USA seem to be reacting to events?

The Case Study question

Look at your answers to the questions on source 4.

Does Source 4 help you to decide whether any of the criticisms of US policy were valid?

Does the source help you to decide whether the criticisms are only valid in hindsight?


Comprehension

5a What is the importance of the date 1954?

Analysis and interpretation

5b Why does Johnson link Berlin to Thailand?

5c Is there much difference between Johnson’s views here and Eisenhower’s Domino Theory (Source 3)?

5d Does Johnson have a clear set of aims in terms of what he is trying to achieve in Vietnam?

The Case Study question

Look at your answers to the questions on source 5.

Does Source 5 help you to decide whether any of the criticisms of US policy were valid?

Does the source help you to decide whether the criticisms are only valid in hindsight?


Comprehension

6a What position did Cyrus Vance hold in the government?

6b According to Vance, when was the critical period in terms of getting involved in Vietnam?

6c Why is there confusion about the Tonkin incident?

Analysis and interpretation

6d What impression does this source give of the information available to President Johnson and the way decisions were made?

6e What impression do we get of President Johnson from this source?

6f What are the strengths and weaknesses of this source for the issue of how and why the USA got involved in Vietnam?

The Case Study question

Look at your answers to the questions on source 6.

Does Source 6 help you to decide whether any of the criticisms of US policy were valid?

Does the source help you to decide whether the criticisms are only valid in hindsight?


Comprehension

7a Here is a summary of the contents of this clip. Complete the table by putting in the time of the various elements of the clip.

Time

Events shown

0:00

South Vietnamese riot police and troops




Protesters against South Vietnam government




Troops and police moving in




Buddhist monks and their followers stage sit down protest and talk to press




New government headed by military leaders takes power in South Vietnam


Analysis and interpretation

7b The historian George C Herring of the University of Kentucky believed that no actions of the USA ‘would have solved what was always the central problem: the political viability of South Vietnam’.

What impression does this clip give of the relationship between the government of South Vietnam and its people? Does it support Herring’s view?

Why would you be cautious about using only this clip as evidence of the relationship between the government of South Vietnam and its people?

Using this source, other sources and your own knowledge, do you agree with the American historian’s analysis?



The Case Study question

Look at your answers to the questions on source 7.

Does Source 7 help you to decide whether any of the criticisms of US policy were valid?

Does the source help you to decide whether the criticisms are only valid in hindsight?


Comprehension

8a Describe the scene shown in the cartoon.

Analysis and interpretation

8b Johnson was a very large man, while British leader Harold Wilson was average size. Is this why the cartoonist has drawn them this way?

8c Wilson was accused of following US policy without ever questioning it. How is this represented in the cartoon?

8c The caption shows Johnson as confident that US forces will defeat the Viet Cong. Do you think the cartoon agrees with him or is the cartoonist suggesting he is over confident?

8d This is a British source. Does that mean it is of no use in studying American policy in Vietnam?

The Case Study question

Look at your answers to the questions on source 8.



Does Source 8 help you to decide whether any of the criticisms of US policy were valid?

Does the source help you to decide whether the criticisms are only valid in hindsight?


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