ADM Papp’s Guiding Principles and Servant Leadership
USCG Leadership Competency: Leading Others: Taking Care of People
Describe ADM Papp’s 4 Guiding Principles
Discuss how to apply ADM Papp’s thoughts on servant leadership to the flotilla/division
Time Required: 25 – 30 minutes
This is the second of six videos presenting ADM Papp’s view of servant leadership and how he applies the approach to his daily leadership of the Coast Guard.
Facilitator Activities: Present the 3 minute 17 second video. Equipment recommended: 1) LCD projector, 2) Computer, 3) Screen. 4) Speakers, and 5) Internet connection to play video located at
Facilitate discussion of at least one of the following questions:
1) Why does ADM Papp believe that servant leadership is found throughout all of his 4 Guiding Principles?
2) What does servant leadership mean to you?
3) Do we apply servant leadership only to those appointed above us? Why or why not?
Pre-video Discussion: Before showing the video facilitate a discussion of the following questions to gain attention:
1) Why is it important to know ADM Papp’s 4 Guiding Principles?
Try to facilitate the answers it is necessary as we are impacted by what the Coast Guard does.
2) What are some Guiding Principles for your flotilla/division?
Look for responses and facilitate toward those formulated by ADM Papp.
Post-video Discussion: After showing the video facilitate a discussion of the following questions:
1) Why does ADM Papp fell that the numbers of the 4 Guiding Principals are not needed?
Try to facilitate the answers toward they all are equally important and, as in servant leadership, one can be found in all.
2) What was the most urgent principle? What was the most important principal? Why do you think that there is this distinction as should not the most urgent be the most important?
The most urgent was steady the service, The most important principle was respect your shipmates. No, often the most urgent has to be done first so that you can get to the most important.
3) ADM Papp went back to the letter from Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton to the Revenue Cutter Service. What is the symbolism in this reference?
Servant leadership has been required since the founding of our nation.
ADM Papp’s 4 Guiding Principles are:
Steady the Service
Honor our Profession
Strengthen our Partnerships
Respect our Shipmates
Respect our Shipmates is found in all the other 3 principles and is essential to engender the faith and trust of our members.
Provide a summary of the discussion questions and the general answers given by the members. Then add -
Respect our shipmates is found in each of the other 4 Guiding Principles. A good leader respects his shipmates, both those they work for and those who work for them. Respect, as embodied in Servant Leadership, will enable the leader to have the trust and the support of their workers.
Subject Matter Background for the Facilitator:
Leading Others - Taking Care of People. Successful leaders identify others’ needs and abilities in the Coast Guard, particularly those of subordinates. They ensure fair, equitable treatment; project high expectations for subordinates and/or their teams; express confidence in abilities; recognize efforts and use reward systems effectively and fairly. Leaders appropriately support and assist in professional and personal situations and use formal programs to resolve situations positively.
CG Leadership definition There are hundreds of leadership definitions; they all have a common theme. “As noted by INSEAD in 2002, leadership is the most studied aspect of all human behavior. A simple search of Amazon.com reveals over 3,000 books published on leadership last year and over 12,000 in the last five
years.” (CCL, 2007, p. 3 ) The Center for Creative Leadership (CCL)
…asked respondents [to a survey conducted in 2007], how they would define leadership in their field. Though the leaders came from many different walks of life, there were some common elements that CCL pulled together into this definition. Leadership is the ability to create of a vision for positive change, help focus resources on right solutions, inspire and motivate others, and provide opportunities for growth and learning. Some examples of specific definitions are from each category are:
Inspiring people to seek out, refine and express their truth; developing a sense of connection and community; guiding a decision-making process that fosters communication and helps people make the best decisions for their future.
– Rabbi, Public Sector
Being competent, being good at what you do, and having good interpersonal skills with colleagues (doctors and nurses) and patients. Also, you must demonstrate confidence and competency in your field at all times, so parents and patients will trust you.
– MD, Professional Services
Providing clients with a solution that shows great insight. The goal of leadership in my business is winning as many clients as possible.
– Consultant, Small Business
Spiritually setting an example for the kids, watching everything they do, and being energetic and patient every day ... I am the CEO of my house. My husband has no clue what goes into running the house. From 3 to 8 p.m., I must be 100 percent with my kids. It is a full-time job.
– Stay-at-Home mom, Atypical Leaders
As a professor, leadership is the capacity to stimulate and effectively guide students in understanding the application and value of classes and the substance of what is being taught. Creating an effective environment for students to learn and be stimulated.
– Professor, Educators (CCL, 2007, p.5)
Source: Martin, A. (2007) Everyday leadership, Center for Creative Leadership, www.ccl.org , Greensboro, NC
The Coast Guard, in order to have a common understanding, came up with the definition of leadership as “You influencing or inspiring others to achieve a goal. (AUXLAMS Student Workbook, 2012, p. 10)
Servant leadership “The servant-leader is servant first… It begins with the natural feeling that one wants to serve, to serve first. Then conscious choice brings one to aspire to lead. That person is sharply different from one who is leader first, perhaps because of the need to assuage an unusual power drive or to acquire material possessions…The leader-first and the servant-first are two extreme types.” Source: Greenleaf, R. K. (1982) The servant as leader, Robert K. Greenleaf Center, Westfield, IN
Leader effectiveness This is a measure of how the followers feel they were led and how well their skills and abilities were utilized to achieve the goal. Leadership effectiveness can be measured in a variety of ways. Leaders are considered effective when: 1) Their group performs well, 2) Followers experience satisfaction, and 3) Significant change occurs with successful implementation. Eight leadership skills often used in determining leadership effectiveness are: 1) • Emotional intelligence, 2) Directional clarity, 3) Change orchestration, 4) Reciprocal communication, 5) Contextual thinking, 6) Creative assimilation, 7) People enablement, and 8) Driving persistence. Appropriate use of these competencies allows a leader to move beyond just being a successful leader.
For additional preparation information of the subjects go to:
http://www.uscg.mil/petaluma/e-pme/e-pme/apprentice/E-Lessons/3-E-01.pdf (CG leadership definition)
http://www.butler.edu/volunteer/resources/principles-of-servant-leadership (servant leadership)
http://ezinearticles.com/?Measuring-Leadership-Effectiveness&id=2255040 (effective leadership)