Deciduous enamel 3D microwear texture analysis as an indicator of childhood diet in medieval Canterbury, England



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Fig.1. Map of United Kingdom showing Medieval Canterbury in AD1703 (after Somner, AD1703). Dental samples were from juvenile skeletons recovered during excavation of St Gregory’s priory and cemetery. See Section 3.1.



F
B.
ig.2.
Bivariate box plot (A) subdividing each age group in Table 3 into quartiles, with dental microwear texture images showing 3D representations of molar enamel surfaces from two children in the cemetery. Each image represents a field of view measuring 242 x 181μm2. Changes in colour indicate changes in depth. (B) When many pits and scratches are present together, or overlying each other, they produce a ‘rougher’ surface and a higher complexity value. The more complex surface of the 6.1-8 year olds, combined with a relatively low anisotropy value (C), implies that they had a harder diet compared to the 4.1-6 year olds. Their anisotropy value is low because scratches (lower right to upper left corner; lower surface to upper right corner) are not orientated in the same direction.



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