Pages 308 - 323
Death: meaning, Manner, Mechanism, Cause and Time
Answer the following questions on YOUR OWN PAPER
1. Explain where the term “Saved by the bell” originated.
2. Autolysis is where the cell breaks down, explain what occurs during autolysis.
3. When is an autopsy conducted?
4. List and describe 5 different “Manner of death” or ways in which a person can die.
5. Give examples of death that might be caused by homicide.
6. What is mean by proximate cause of death? Example?
7. Mechanism of death is the specific body failure that leads to death, give at least two
8. Answer the following that are used to approximate the time of death.
a. Define liver mortis:
b. This is known as lividity which gives clues to how long the person has been dead.
How long after death does lividity set in?
c. When does the discoloration become permanent?
d. How can lividity be used to determine how long a person has been dead?
e. It is important to record the environmental conditions surrounding a dead
body. Explain how the ambient temperature at the time of death impacts lividity.
f. List other clues that are provided at the time that livor mortis sets in.
g. What is rigor mortis?
h. Give the time for the following situations:
Rigor mortis starts within -
The most rigid state is at:
Rigor mortis disappears:
i. Name two things that might cause rigor to remain for 48 hours.
j. How do you know when the body is likely to be losing its rigor?
k. Name six factors that affect when rigor mortis sets in.
9. What is algor mortis?
10. The temperature of the body is taken by the forensic scientist in what organ? Why?
11. What is the approximately rule of thumb to determine how long a body has been dead
by using their internal temperature?
12. Explain how the stomach and intestinal content can be used to determine the time
13. Explain how the eye of a person can help determine the time of death.
14. Explain what the body looks like during its stages of decomposition in the following
Within 2 days:
After four days:
Six to ten days.
15. Who decomposes the quickest?
a. Young or old?
b. Overweight or normal size people?
Naked or clothes?
16. Explain how the following environmental conditions affect the decomposition or a
70 to 99 degrees:
17. Forensic entomology is:
18. Explain how insects are used to determine the time of death.
19. Name different bugs, the time it will appear and what attracts the bug to the body
during the stages of decomposition.
20. What is putrefaction?