David Mandel (1984) The Petrograd Workers and the Soviet Seizure of Power From the July Days 1917 to July 1918



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David Mandel

(1984)

The Petrograd Workers

and the

Soviet Seizure of Power

From the July Days 1917 to July 1918

Un document produit en version numérique par Mme Marcelle Bergeron, bénévole

Professeure à la retraite de l’École Dominique-Racine de Chicoutimi, Québec

Courriel : mailto : mabergeron@videotron.ca


Dans le cadre de la collection : "Les classiques des sciences sociales"
dirigée et fondée par Jean-Marie Tremblay,
professeur de sociologie au Cégep de Chicoutimi

Site web : http://bibliotheque.uqac.ca/


Une collection développée en collaboration avec la Bibliothèque

Paul-Émile-Boulet de l'Université du Québec à Chicoutimi

Site web: http://classiques.uqac.ca



Un document produit en version numérique par Mme Marcelle Bergeron, bénévole,

professeure à la retraite de l’École Dominique-Racine de Chicoutimi, Québec.

Courriel : mailto:mabergeron@videotron.ca


David Mandel
The Petrograd Workers and the Soviet Seizure of Power. From the July Days 1917 to July 1918. Collection: Studies in Soviet History and Society. London: The MacMillan Press Ltd., 1984, pp. 211 à 447. + 12 pp.

[Autorisation accordée par l'auteur le 13 décembre 2006 de diffuser ce livre dans Les Classiques des sciences sociales.]


Courriels : mandel.mark-david@uqam.ca ou
dmandel@web.net.

Polices de caractères utilisés :


Pour le texte : Times New Roman, 12 points.

Pour les citations : Times New Roman 10 points.

Pour les notes de bas de page : Times New Roman, 10 points.

Édition électronique réalisée avec le traitement de textes Microsoft Word 2003 pour Macintosh.


Mise en page sur papier format

Lettre (US letter), 8.5’’ x 11’’)


Édition complétée le 18 juillet, 2007 à Chicoutimi, Québec.



David Mandel

The Petrograd Workers and the Soviet Seizure
of Power

To what extent can the October Insurrection be seen as a workers' revolution? How did Soviet democracy fare in the first eight months following the seizure of power? What lay behind the debate between the factory committees and the trade union leadership over workers' control? These are some of the questions this book seeks to answer approaching the Russian Revolution from the vantage point of the industrial workers of Petrograd, Russia's 'red capital'.


This volume completes the study, begun in the author's earlier work, The Petrograd Workers and the Fall of the Old Regime. It traces the evolution of the workers' political consciousness and activity, both on the shop floor and in the broader societal arena, from their temporary defeat in the July Days through their mobilisation against General Kornilov's abortive counterrevolution, the October Insurrection, the dispersal of the Constituent Assembly, the economic collapse, the 'obscene' treaty of Brest-Litovsk and finally to the outbreak of full-scale civil war in the early summer of 1918.
Making systematic use of the wealth of source materials now available, the author strives to let the workers speak for themselves, allowing the reader to enter into the atmosphere of the period and the mind of the actors. In doing so, he questions the widely-held view of the workers as anarchistically inclined masses whose unrealistic aspirations made them the prey of demagogic leaders. The workers appear here as conscious actors, certainly no less conscious than the more educated and privileged strata of society, and as the crucial social force in the revolution's development. At the same time, the author seeks to explain why the power, so bitterly and heroically contested, won and defended, began so soon to slip from the workers' hands.
David Mandel was born in Toronto in 1947. He took his BA at the Hebrew University and PhD at Columbia University, where he was appointed Senior Research Fellow in the Russian Institute (1977-8). In the course of his research for this book he spent a year in Leningrad as a Canada-USSR Exchange Scholar (1975). He has taught at the Centre for Russian and East European Studies at the University of Birmingham, the Department of Political Science at McGill University, the Department of Sociology at l'Université de Montréal, and is presently at the Department of Political Science at l'Université du Québec à Montréal. He is the author of several articles on the Russian revolutionary period and labour movement.

First edition 1984

Reprinted 1986
Published by

THE MACMILLAN PRESS LTD

Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire RG21 2XS

and London

Companies and representatives

throughout the world


Printed in Great Britain by

Antony Rowe Ltd

Chippenham
ISBN 0-333-30937-5
For Sonia and my parents


Contents



List of Tables
Glossary and Abbreviations
Preface

1 RETHINKING THE REVOLUTION REVOLUTIONARY DEMOCRACY OR PROLETARIAN DICTATORSHIP?



Census Society on the Offensive

The Workers' Response

2 FROM THE KORNILOV RISING TO THE EVE OF OCTOBER



The Kornilov Rising

The Democratic Conference

Setting Course for Soviet Power

3 CLASS STRUGGLE IN THE FACTORIES



The Factory Committees under Attack

The Struggle for Production -Workers' Control Checked
4 ON THE EVE

5 THE OCTOBER REVOLUTION AND THE DEMISE OF REVOLUTIONARY DEMOCRACY



Attitudes towards the Insurrection

The Debate over a 'Homogeneous Socialist Government'

6 THE CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY AND THE EMERGENCE OF A WORKER OPPOSITION



The Elections

Dissolution of the Constituent Assembly

The Chernorabochie and the Anarchist Upsurge

The Lines Harden

7 THE OCTOBER REVOLUTION IN THE FACTORIES

8 SOVIET POWER FOR BETTER OR WORSE

Dispersal and Transformation of the Petrograd Working Class

The 'Obscene Peace'

The Opposition – Growth and Failure
CONCLUSION
Selected Bibliography
Index
[N.B.: Page numbers in this edition do not correspond to page numbers in the paper book edition. MB]
Page-numbering in this book follows on consecutively from the companion volume, The Petrograd Workers and the Fall of the Old Regime.




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