Date: May 5, 2010 3: 26 pm



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Title: Animal Farm Chart

Date: May 5, 2010 3:26 PM

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Character Name

Direct Quote

Characteristic

Language Uses

Historical Reference

Old Major

“was so highly regarded on the farm that everyone was quite ready to lose an hour’s sleep in order to hear what he had to say.” p.25

“He was twelve years old and had lately grown rather stout, but he was still a majestic-looking pig, with a wise and benevolent appearance in spite of the fact that his tushes had never been cut.” p.26



- respected by other animals of the farm (old and wise)

- has firm ideas about what he believes is right

- good at speech making


- very persuasive; attracts all animals to join the movement of “Animalism” by a single speech

---- “At this moment there was a tremendous uproar.” p.31

---- “The vote was taken at once, and it was agreed by an overwhelming majority that rats were comrades.” p.31

- passionate when speaking




Karl Marx

Mr. Jones

“In past year Mr. Jones, although a hard master, had been a capable farmer, but of late he had fallen on evil days. He had become much disheartened after losing money in a lawsuit, and had taken to drinking more than was good for him.” p.38







Tsar Nicholas II

Boxer

“Boxer was the admiration of everybody. He had been a hard worker even in Jones’s time, but now he seemed more like three horses than one; there were days when the entire work of the farm seemed to rest on his mighty shoulders.” p.46

“I will work harder!” - personal motto p.47

“Even Boxer, who seldom asked questions, was puzzled.” p.90

“Boxer refused to take even a day off work, and made it a point of honour not to let it be seen that he was in pain.” p.114

“Boxer was an enormous beast, nearly eighteen hands high, and as strong as an any two ordinary horses put together. A white stripe down his nose gave him a somewhat stupid appearance, and in fact he was not of first-rate intelligence, but he was universally respected for his steadiness of character and tremendous powers of work.” p.26


- Hard-working

- Rises half an hour earlier than others

- Strong physical capacities


- is not a very ‘smart’ speaker

- only emphasizes “Napoleon must be right”, “we need to work harder”

- logic is not very strong

- speaks what he thinks (no cunning)



Stakhanovites

Mollie

“Mollie was not good at getting up in the mornings, and had a way of leaving work early on the ground that there was a stone in her hoof.” p.47

- likes ribbons and sugar cubes

- lazy


- admires her own beautiful work

not much explanation about her speaking style, but definitely not the best speaker

Conservatives; “she seemed to be quite content” when she was with the humans

Pigeons

“Every day Snowball and Napoleon sent out flights of pigeons whose instructions were to mingle with the animals on neighboring farms, tell them the story of the Rebellion, and teach them the tune of Beasts of England.” p.54

- they always send messages to other farms, like messengers

must be very persuasive and enthusiastic, because they always bring news to and from the farm to the other farms; they also need to be able to make it seem like the Rebellion is “good” and will be successful

Secret agents sent out by Stalin to spread the idea of communism

Sheep

“When they had once got it by heart, the sheep developed a great liking for this maxim, and often as they lay in the field they would all start bleating “Four legs good, two legs bad!” p.51

- simple minded and obedient

- subtly helps Napoleon send his point across by disrupting other speakers (sings when an anti-Napoleon topic is broached, so that they cannot discuss about it)



- very reptetitive (sings the same song over and over) & disruptive; good at brain-washing others though

- not “smart,” - they sing the short maxim because the cannot memorize the whole thing

- it also took them a long time to learn the ‘new’ song


Stalin’s supporters

Bluebell













Jessie













Pincher













Hens/Chickens

“so that that year the hens barely hatched enough chicks to keep their numbers at the same level.” p.117

- usually obedient (except when they have to give up all their eggs to Napoleon for profit); they are forced to kill their children & “sacrifice” for the good for the good of the farm

- they confess that they are traitors (though they are probably not)



“Led by three young Black Minorca pullets, the hens made a determined effort to thwart Napoleon’s wishes. Their method was to fly up the rafters and there lay their eggs, which smashed to pieces on the floor.” p.87

- uses actions to express their thoughts instead of words



?


Cows













Clover

Clover’s thoughts from page 95-96

“Clover treated the hoof with poultices of herbs which she prepared by chewing them, and both she and Benjamin urged Boxer to work less hard.” p.114

“Only Clover remained, and Benjamin.” p.121

“where Clover and Benjamin had prepared a good bed of straw for him.” p.122

“Clover was a stout motherly mare approaching middle life, who had never quite got her figure back after her fourth foal.” p.26


- hard working

- kind heart

- doesn’t want to protest, but is smart enough to see that things are going in the wrong direction

- has doubts and tries to read the Commandments again to make sure she is remembering the points right

- caring for others (looks after Boxer when he is hurt)


- nothing much is said about her speaking abilities

- she is a calm speaker, though, and is quiet



?

Muriel













Benjamin

“Benjamin was the only one who did not side with either faction. He refused to believe either that food would become more plentiful or that the windmill would save work. Windmill or no windmill, he said, life would go on as it had always gone on - that is, badly.” p.65

“and Benjamin, who lay down at Boxer’s side, and, without speaking, kept the flies off him with his long tail.” p.121

“where Clover and Benjamin had prepared a good bed of straw for him.” p.122

“It was the first time that anyone had ever seen him gallop.” p.122

“Fools, fools! shouted Benjamin, prancing round them and stamping the earth with his small hoofs. Fools! Do you not see what is written on the side of that van?; But Benjamin pushed her aside and in the midst of a deadly silence he read.” p.123


- never really talks about anything

- secretly fond of Boxer (always stays next to him)

- he seems to ‘understand’ what is happening, and seems to have expected it from the beginning

- is very smart (can read things much faster than any other member of the farm other than the pigs, as demonstrated when Boxer was being taken away)

- cares for Boxer, though he doesn’t admit it openly


- barely speaks

- when he speaks, he really has a point to make, and thus he is concise & strong

- after Boxer’s death, he becomes even more taciturn


“Hunger, hardship, and disappointment being, so he said, the unalterable law of life.” p.130

- those people who didn’t trust any type of government and thus lived through Stalin’s regime knowing that it was wrong, but not openly going against it



Napoleon

“Napoleon produced no schemes of his own, but said quietly that Snowball’s would come to nothing, and seemed to be biding his time.” p.63

“Napoleon read out the orders for the week in a gruff soldierly style” p.71

“Napoleon was a large, rather fierce-looking Berkshire boar, the only Berkshire on the farm, not much of a talker, but with a reputation for getting his own way.” p.35


- physically is the only boar in the farm by the end of the book

- authoritative and autocratic

- kills animals that he believes are a threat to the Animal Farm

- slowly educates other pigs to become more and more like humans (gradually he himself becomes like one, too)



- speaks in a gruff and soldierly style, which makes other animals fear him

- surrounded by violent animals (dogs), so he doesn’t need to say much

- is not a good speaker; never really ‘persuaded’ people well enough (which is one of the reasons he didn’t like Snowball); he always uses Squealer to deliver his messages


Stalin, most definitely

Squealer

“The best known among them was a small fat pig named Squealer, with very round cheeks, twinkling eyes, nimble movements, and a shrill voice.” p.36

“Squealer was sent to make the necessary explanations to the others.” p.52

“Afterwards Squealer was sent round the farm to explain the new arrangement to the others.” p.69

“And Squealer, who happened to be passing by at the moment, attended by two or three dogs, was able to put the whole matter in its proper perspective.” p.80



- Napoleon’s messenger

- always “happens” to be passing by people who are doubting Stalin’s words (is keeping an eye out on ‘traitors’ intentionally); makes a sly look when others don’t agree with him

- makes sure everyone knows that things are “better” and not “worse”

- always manages to explain everything somewhat logically so that the animals don’t complain

But Squealer spoke so persuasively,” p.72

Here Squealer looked very sly.” p.71

He was a brilliant talker, and when he was arguing some difficult point he had a way of skipping from side to side and whisking his tail which was somehow very persuasive. The others said of Squealer that he could turn black into white. “p.36


Propaganda, or those who are ordered to spread propaganda by means of press or speech

Snowball

He was full of plans for innovations and improvements.” p.63

Snowball was a more vivacious pig than Napoleon, quicker in speech and more inventive, but was not considered to have the same depth of character.” p.35



- always making plans and committees to improve the society

- is quite detailed and smart

- always in conflict with Napoleon

At the meetings Snowball often won over the majority by his brilliant speeches” p.63 (a very persuasive speaker)

Trotsky, most definitely

Moses

In the middle of the summer Moses the raven suddenly reappeared on the farm, after an absence of several years.” p.119

All the animals were now present except Moses, the tame raven, who slept on a perch behind the back door.” p.27

Moses, who was Mr. Jones’s especial pet, was a spy and a tale-bearer.” p.37





but he was a clever talker.” p.37




Cat

It was soon noticed that when there was work to be done the cat could never be found. She would vanish for hours on end, and then reappear at meal-times, or in the evening after work was over, as though nothing had happened.” p.47

But she always made such excellent excuses, and purred so affectionately, that it was impossible not to believe her good intentions.” p.47

Everyone, indeed, except the cat, who had suddenly disappeared just before Napoleon ordered the animals to assemble.” p.94











Rats/Bunnies

The rats, which had been troublesome that winter, were also said to be in league with Snowball.” p.88

is killed without much explanation, except that they are “in league with Snowball” (which is probably untrue)

doesn’t speak much

One of the many groups of people killed by Stalin under the accusation that they are “against” USSR or Stalin, and have planned schemes to overthrow the existing regime

Mr. Pilkington

was an easy-going gentleman who spent most of his time in fishing or hunting according to the season.” p.55

In charge of the farm Foxwood; a large, neglected, old-fashioned farm, much overgrown by woodland, with all its pastures worn out and its hedges in a disgraceful position







Mr. Frederick

a tough, shrewd man, perpetually involved in lawsuits and with a name for driving hard bargains.” p.55

In charge of Pinchfield, which is smaller and better kept than Foxwood
Dislikes Mr. Pilkington so much that he never comes to compromise with Mr. P







Minimus

who had a remarkable gift for composing songs and poems” p.70

The general feeling on the farm was well expressed in a poem entitled Comrade Napoleon, which was composed by Minimus and which ran as follows...” p.100



- makes many new songs for Napoleon after Beasts of England is banned (songs that praise Napoleon and his greatness)

is good at language, obviously, because he makes songs for Napoleon

One of the many people hired for propaganda (esp. for song-making)

Dogs

nine enormous dogs wearing brass-studded collars came bounding into the barn.” p.67

wagged their tails” towards Napoleon, p.68

But suddenly the dogs sitting around Napoleon let out deep, menacing growls” p.69


- growls when the animals disagree with Napoleon

- kill the animals that confess that they are traitors

- is always by Napoleon’s side, protecting him and looking out for Napoleon’s enemies (so that they can get rid of those opponents)

- violent and obedient towards Napoleon only(wags their tails around Napoleon)

has never spoken throughout the book

Secret police

Mr. Whymper

was a sly-looking little man with side whiskers, a solicitor in a very small way of business, but sharp enough to have realized earlier than anyone else that Animal Farm would need a broker and that the commissions would be worth having.” p.78










Black Cockerel

When he did appear, he was attended not only by his retinue of dogs but by a black cockerel who marched in front of him and acted as a kind of trumpeter, letting out a loud “cock-a-doodle-doo” before N. spoke.” p.99










Pinkeye

A young pig named Pinkeye was given the task of tasting all his food before he ate it, lest it should be poisoned.” p.101

- characteristic not specified, except that he is with Napoleon all the time

never speaks throughout the entire book

Literally a person who eats Stalin’s food before he does to make sure It isn’t poisoned

Milk

So it was agreed without further argument that the milk and the windfall apples should be reserved for the pigs alone.” p.53

And what has happened to that milk which should have been breeding up sturdy calves?” p.29



N/A

N/A

The food (and other products) that the people create

Timber




N/A

N/A




White Paint




N/A

N/A




Ribbons

Hidden under the straw was a little pile of lump sugar and several bunches of ribbon of different colors.” p.62

and also that all pigs, of whatever degree, were to have the privilege of wearing green ribbons on their tails on Sundays.” p.116

Comrade, those ribbons that you are so devoted to are the badge of slavery. Can you not understand that liberty is worth more than ribbons?” p.37

Ribbons should be considered as clothes, which are the mark of a human being. All animals should go naked.” p.40



N/A

N/A

Decoration ornaments or jewelry?

Windmill

That evening Squealer explained to the other animals that Napoleon had never in reality been opposed to the windmill.” p.71

N/A

N/A

NEP policy

Sugarcandy Mountains













Eggs













Farms














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