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Significant Battles of the Civil War 1860-1865

Date

Battle

Significance/Result

April 1861


Fort Sumter



The first acts of war by both the CSA and the USA, after 34 hours the South accepted the Northern commander’s surrender of this import strong hold.

July 21, 1861


1st Battle of Bull Run



The first real battle of the War. It happened between the cities Richmond and Washington D.C. This battle made Americans realize that war would not be a short.

April 6 1862


Battle of Shiloh



Another battle like New Orleans and Vicksburg that allowed the North to Control the Mississippi River

April 29, 1862


New Orleans



A battle that helped the North gain control of the ocean entrance of the Mississippi River.

May 31, 1862


Yorktown and Seven Pines



The South failed badly and lost more soldiers then the North, considered a victory for the South. The union does well under General McClellan.

Sept. 4, 1862


Battle of Antietam



Considered the bloodiest 1 day battle of the war.

Dec. 12, 1862


Battle Fredericksburg



A Major loss to the US Army. It disrupted the moral of the North and gave the south inspiration.

April 30, 1863


Battle of Chancellorsville



A battle for the South that was fairly successful, But where the South lost its commanding General Johnston and a hero name Thomas Stonewall Jackson.

July 2 1863


Battle of Gettysburg



This battle broke the back of the South with the loss of 23,000 troops. It is considered a major turning point of the war.

July 8, 1863


Battle of Vicksburg



A key battle for the North which helped them secure the Mississippi River. It was a 9 month siege that allowed General Grant to become commander of the whole Union Army.

Sept.2, 1863


Atlanta


Union General William T. Sherman moves 100.000 troops on a march to the sea from Tennessee to Atlanta, GA. Destroying everything in his path. This campaign helps Lincoln get re-elected in 1864

April 2, 1865


Surrender at Appomattox



The battle that led to the unconditional surrender of the South by General Lee.


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