Data about Franklin D. Roosevelt, as of 1945 The American people elected Roosevelt president four times. Because of his New Deal programs designed to combat the severe financial depression of the 1930s and his leadership during World War II, many historians have classified him as one of the most effective chief executives ever to hold the office. Some of Roosevelt's critics, however, felt that he misused the power of the presidency by exerting extensive political pressure on Congress in order to secure passage of the New Deal legislation. He served as president from 1933 until his death in 1945. An attack of polio in the early 1920s left Roosevelt's legs partially paralyzed for the remainder of his life.
Data about Benedict Arnold, as of 1801 Before he joined the British in their attempt to defeat the rebels during the American Revolution, Arnold had served George Washington with distinction during military campaigns from 1776 to 1779. Distressed with financial worries and with a feeling of not receiving adequate recognition from the Continental Congress for his services, he abandoned the American cause and became one of the most well-known traitors in American history
Data about Martin Luther King, Jr., as of 1968 Before he was assassinated in 1968, the Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., had become one of the most active champions of the nonviolent civil rights movement. Beginning with his successful boycott of segregated city buses in Birmingham, Alabama, King rose to become leader of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference-one of the most effective organizations to lobby for the federal civil rights legislation during the 1960s.
Data about Andrew Jackson, as of 1829 According to most historians of American life, Jackson was one of our most forceful chief executives. As president, Jackson asserted the supremacy of the federal government when South Carolina attempted to nullify federal tariff laws. His opposition to any form of monopoly was evident in his veto of legislation to recharter the powerful and half-public Bank of the United States.
Data about Alexander Hamilton, as of 1804 Until his death in a duel with Aaron Burr, he had served his country as an advisor to George Washington. His arguments for adoption of the federal Constitution were instrumental in its final approval. His financial' genius helped to establish the young U.S. on a firm financial footing during its early years.
Data about Eleanor Roosevelt, as of 1949 Eleanor Roosevelt, wife of
Franklin D. Roosevelt, became one of our country's most active champions of the poor, minority groups, women's labor unions, and civil rights. As Franklin Roosevelt's wife, she constantly served as an unofficial advisor for many of his New Deal domestic policies. After her husband's death in 1945, Mrs. Roosevelt was appointed a United States delegate to the United Nations.
Data about Lyndon B. Johnson, as of 1972 Taking over as president upon the assassination of John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson became an active and outspoken proponent of civil rights. Wining the presidency by a landslide in 1964, the Johnson administration escalated the war in Vietnam but as the war became more and more unpopular, Johnson chose not to run for re-election in 1968.
Data about Abraham Lincoln, as of 1865 With the exception of George Washington and Franklin D. Roosevelt, probably no other president ever entered office facing such immense problems as did Abraham Lincoln. Historians of Lincoln's life generally agree that he did as much as any chief executive could have to lead the Union to victory in the Civil W8\, and attempt to heal the wounds of that conflict for both the North and the South. On numerous occasions before and during his presidency, Lincoln suffered periods of severe mental depression. His untimely assassination occurred in 1865