Completed and Prepared for Dissemination by BN-CS2 on 06Feb05
rill and Ceremony “Help Sheet”
This information packet has been put together utilizing pieces from FM 22-5, The Soldier’s Handbook, and a number of other Army manuals. For complete list, contact CS2.
for Cadets of Stalwart Battalion
Many drill procedures used by the United States Army today were developed during the Revolutionary War. The purpose of the drill then was to instill discipline in American soldiers. As these soldiers mastered the art of the drill, they began to work as a team and to develop a sense of pride in themselves and in their unit. In today's Army, the same objectives-teamwork, confidence, pride, alertness, attention to detail, esprit de corps, and discipline-are accomplished by drill. A drill consists of a series of movements by which a unit or individuals are moved in an orderly, uniform manner from one formation to another or from one place to another.
DRILL AND CEREMONY FIELD MANUAL (FM 22-5) HAS BEEN UPDATED TO FM 3-21.5
Facing to the flank is a two-count movement for turning to one side or the other. The command is "Left, face" or "Right, face." The Figure below illustrates "left face." On the command of execution, "Face," slightly raise yourself 90 degrees to the left on your left heel. A slight pressure on the ball of your right foot will help you do this correctly. Keep your right leg straight, but not stiff. On the second count, place your right foot beside your left foot, and resume the position of attention. Hold your arms as you would while at attention as you execute this movement. Right face will be executed in the very same way as left face, simply substituting right for left and left for right.
Face to the flank
Facing to the rear is also a two-count movement and is illustrated in the figure below. The command is "About, face." On the command of execution, "Face," touch the toe of your right foot to the ground about half the length of your foot to the rear and slightly left of the left heel. Rest your weight on the heel of your left foot, and allow your right knee to bend naturally. On the second count, turn 180 degrees to the right on the left heel and on the ball of the right foot, resuming the position of attention. Hold your arms at attention when executing this movement.
a. Assume the position of attention on the command FALL IN or the command Squad (platoon), ATTENTION.
b. To assume this position, bring the heels together sharply on line, with the toes pointing out equally, forming an angle of 45 degrees. Rest the weight of the body evenly on the heels and balls of both feet. Keep the legs straight without locking the knees. Hold the body erect with the hips level, chest lifted and arched, and the shoulders square.
c. Keep the head erect and face straight to the front with the chin drawn in so that alignment of the head and neck is vertical.
d. Let the arms hang straight without stiffness. Curl the fingers so that the tips of the thumbs are alongside and touching the first joint of the forefingers. Keep the thumbs straight along the seams of the trouser leg with the first joint of the fingers touching the trousers.
e. Remain silent and do not move unless otherwise directed.
Parade rest is commanded only from the position of attention. The command for this movement is Parade, REST. On the command of execution REST, move the left foot about 10 inches to the left of the right foot. Keep the legs straight without locking the knees, resting the weight of the body equally on the heels and balls of the feet. Simultaneously, place the hands at the small of the back and centered on the belt. Keep the fingers of both hands extended and joined, interlocking the thumbs so that the palm of the right hand is outward. Keep the head and eyes as in the position of attention. Remain silent and do not move unless otherwise directed. Stand at ease, at ease, and rest may be executed from this position.
Steps and Marching
a. The hand salute is a one-count movement. The command is Present, ARMS. When wearing headgear with a visor (with or without glasses), on the command of execution ARMS, raise the right hand sharply, fingers and thumb extended and joined, palm facing down, and place the tip of the right forefinger on the rim of the visor slightly to the right of the right eye. The outer edge of the hand is barely canted downward so that neither the back of the hand nor the palm is clearly visible from the front. The hand and wrist are straight, the elbow inclined slightly forward, and the upper arm horizontal
b. When wearing headgear without a visor (or uncovered) and not wearing glasses, execute the hand salute in the same manner as previously described in subparagraph a, except touch the tip of the right forefinger to the forehead near and slightly to the right of the right eyebrow.
c. When wearing headgear without a visor (or uncovered) and wearing glasses, execute the hand salute in the same manner as described in subparagraph a, except touch the tip of the right forefinger to that point on the glasses where the temple piece of the frame meets the right edge of the right brow.
d. Order arms from the hand salute is a one-count movement. The command is Order, ARMS. On the command of execution ARMS, return the hand sharply to the side, resuming the position of attention.
e. When reporting or rendering courtesy to an individual, turn the head and eyes toward the person addressed and simultaneously salute. In this situation, the actions are executed without command. The salute is initiated by the subordinate at the appropriate time and terminated upon acknowledgment.
f. The hand salute may be executed while marching. When double timing, a soldier must come to quick time before saluting.
NOTE: When a formation is marching at double time, only the individual in charge assumes quick time and salutes.
All marching movements executed from the halt are initiated from the position of attention.
Except for route step march and at ease march, all marching movements are executed while marching at attention. (This is the way we normally march… silent, eyes forward… with military bearing).
When executed from the halt, all steps except right step begin with the left foot.
All marching movements are executed in the cadence of quick time (120 steps per minute), except the 30-inch step, which may be executed in the cadence of 180 steps per minute on the command Double time, MARCH.
For short-distance marching movements, the commander may designate the number of steps forward, backward, or sideward by giving the appropriate command: One step to the right (left), MARCH; or, Two steps backward (forward), MARCH. On the command of execution MARCH, step off with the appropriate foot, and halt automatically after completing the number of steps designated. Unless otherwise specified, when directed to execute steps forward, the steps will be 30-inch steps.
Quick Time/30-inch steps, and Forward: March. ->These are all the same thing.
To march with a 30-inch step from the halt, the command is Forward, MARCH. On the preparatory command Forward, shift the weight of the body to the right foot without noticeable movement. On the command of execution MARCH, step forward 30 inches with the left foot and continue marching with 30-inch steps, keeping the head and eyes fixed to the front. The arms swing in a natural motion, without exaggeration and without bending at the elbows, approximately 9 inches straight to the front and 6 inches straight to the rear of the trouser seams. Keep the fingers curled as in the position of attention so that the fingers just clear the trousers.
To halt while marching, the command Squad (Platoon), HALT is given. The preparatory command Squad (Platoon) is given as either foot strikes the marching surface as long as the command of execution HALT is given the next time that foot strikes the marching surface. The halt is executed in two counts. After HALT is commanded, execute the additional step required after the command of execution and then bring the trail foot alongside the lead foot, assuming the position of attention and terminating the movement.
The Change Step
To change step while marching, the command Change step, MARCH is given as the right foot strikes the marching surface. On the command of execution MARCH, take one more step with the left foot, then in one count place the right toe near the heal of the left foot and step off again with the left foot. The arms swing naturally.
This movement is executed automatically whenever a soldier finds himself out of step with all other members of the formation.
Rest Movement, 30-Inch Step
At Ease March. The command At ease, MARCH is given as either foot strikes the marching surface. On the command of execution MARCH, the soldier is no longer required to retain cadence; however, silence and the approximate interval and distance are maintained. Quick time, MARCH and Route step, MARCH are the only commands that can be given while marching at ease.
Route Step March. Route step is executed exactly the same as at ease march except that the soldier may drink from his canteen and talk.
NOTE: To change the direction of march while marching at route step or at ease march,
the commander informally directs the lead element to turn in the desired direction. Before
precision movements may be executed, the unit must resume marching in cadence. The
troops automatically resume marching at attention on the command Quick time, MARCH,
as the commander reestablishes the cadence by counting for eight steps.
The 15-Inch Step, Forward/Half Step
To march with a 15-inch step while marching with a 30-inch step, the command is Half step, MARCH. This command may be given as either foot strikes the marching surface. On the command of execution MARCH, take one more 30-inch step and then begin marching with a 15-inch step. The arms swing as in marching with a 30-inch step.
To resume marching with a 30-inch step, the command Forward, MARCH is given as either foot strikes the marching surface. On the command of execution MARCH, take one more 15-inch step and then begin marching with a 30-inch step. While marching at the half step, the only commands that may be given are: Mark time, MARCH; Forward, MARCH; Extend, MARCH; and HALT.
Marching in Place
To march in place, the command Mark time, MARCH is given as either foot strikes the marching surface and only while marching with a 30-inch or 15-inch step forward. On the command of execution MARCH, take one more step, bring the trailing foot alongside the leading foot, and begin to march in place. Raise each foot (alternately) 2 inches off the marching surface; the arms swing naturally, as in marching with a 30-inch step forward.
-NOTE: While marking time in formation, the soldier adjusts position to ensure proper alignment and cover.
To resume marching with a 30-inch step, the command Forward, MARCH is given as either foot strikes the marching surface. To halt the formation, give the command Squad/Platoon, HALT.
The 15-Inch Step, Right/Left
1. To march with a 15-inch step right (left), the command is Right (Left) step, MARCH. The
command is given only while at the halt. On the preparatory command of Right (Left) step, shift
the weight of the body without noticeable movement onto the left (right) foot. On the
command of execution MARCH, bend the right knee slightly and raise the right foot only high
enough to allow freedom of movement. Place the right foot 15 inches to the right of the left
foot, and then move the left foot (keeping the left leg straight) alongside the right foot as in
the position of attention. Continue this movement, keeping the arms at the sides as in the
position of attention.
2. To halt when executing right or left step, the command is Squad (Platoon), HALT. This movement
is executed in two counts. The preparatory command is given when the heels are together the
command of execution HALT is given the next time the heels are together. On the command of
execution HALT, take one more step with the lead foot and then place the trailing foot alongside
the lead foot, resuming the position of attention.
The 15-Inch Step, Backward
1. To march with a 15-inch step backward, the command is Backward, MARCH. The command is
given only while at the halt. On the preparatory command Backward, shift the weight of the
body without noticeable movement onto the right foot. On the command of execution MARCH,
take a 15-inch step backward with the left foot and continue marching backward with 15-inch
steps. The arms swing naturally. Halting this movement is the same as in a 30-inch step.
The 30-Inch Step, Double Time
To march in the cadence of 180 steps per minute with a 30-inch step, the command is Double
time, MARCH. It may be commanded while at the halt or while marching at quick time with a 30-
When at the halt and the preparatory command Double time is given, shift the weight of the
body to the right foot without noticeable movement. On the command of execution MARCH,
raise the forearms to a horizontal position, with the fingers and thumbs closed, knuckles out,
and simultaneously step off with the left foot. Continue to march with 30-inch steps at the
cadence of double time. The arms swing naturally to the front and rear with the forearms kept
horizontal. (When armed, soldiers will come to port arms on receiving the preparatory
command of Double time.) Guides, when at sling arms, will double time with their weapons at
sling arms upon receiving the directive GUIDE ON LINE.
When marching with a 30-inch step in the cadence of quick time, the command Double time, MARCH is given as either foot strikes the marching surface. On the command of execution MARCH, take one more 30-inch step at quick time, and step off with the trailing foot, double timing as previously described. To resume marching with a 30-inch step at quick time, the command Quick time, MARCH is given as either foot strikes the marching surface. On the command of execution MARCH, take two more 30-inch steps at double time, lower the arms to the sides, and resume marching with a 30-inch step at quick time.
-NOTE: Quick time, column half left (right), and column left (right) are
the only movements that can be executed while double timing.
Commanding A Unit Into Different Formations:
The Extended Rectangular Formation
(1) To form the extended rectangular formation, the instructor commands Extend to the left, MARCH. All right flank soldiers stand fast and extend their arms at shoulder level, elbows locked, fingers and thumbs extended and joined, palms facing down. All other soldiers turn to the left and double-time forward. After taking a sufficient number of steps, the soldiers stop and face to the front and extend their arms in the same manner as the right flank soldiers, ensuring that there is about 12 inches between all soldiers. Dress is to the right and cover is to the front. The remainder of the body is in the position of attention.
(2) The instructor then commands Arms downward, MOVE. The soldiers lower their arms sharply to the sides as in the position of attention.
(3) The instructor then commands Left, Face. All soldiers execute a left face.
(4) The instructor then commands Extend to the left, MARCH. All soldiers execute as previosly described.
(5) The instructor then commands Arms downward, MOVE. All soldiers execute as previously described.
(6) The instructor then commands Right, FACE. All soldiers execute a right face.
(7) The instructor then commands From front to rear, COUNT OFF. (COUNT OFF is the entire command of execution). Each member of the first rank turns their head and eyes to the right and counts off with "ONE," then faces back to the front. The remaining ranks execute in the same manner as the first rank counting off in the same manner as the first rank until the entire formation has counted off. The members of the last (rear) rank do not turn their head and eyes.
(8) The instructor then commands Even numbers to the left, UNCOVER. All even numbered soldiers jump squarely in the center of the interval, resuming the position of attention. The formation is now prepared for instruction.
(9) To return the formation to the original configuration, the instructor commands Assemble to the right, MARCH. All soldiers double-time to their original position in formation.
The Circular Formation
(1) The instructor positions himself in front of the lead soldier in the lead squad and commands Circle formation, FOLLOW ME. The instructor double-times in a circle large enough for the formation and moves to the center of the circle. The members of the lead squad follow at an arms length plus 6 inches (approximately 40 inches total). The squad leaders of the following squads begin double-timing at the correct distance from the last soldier in the preceding squad without command. After the entire formation is in a circle, the instructor comes to the position of attention and commands Quick time, MARCH. The soldiers begin marching normally. The instructor then gives directives to individual soldiers and corrects the distance between them until each member is at approximately double arm interval.
(2) The instructor then commands the formation to Halt using the appropriate preparatory command.
(3) The instructor then commands Left, FACE. All personnel face toward the instructor. The formation is now ready for instruction.
(4) To return the formation to its original configuration, the instructor commands the formation to attention and commands FALL OUT, and then FALL IN. On the command FALL IN, all soldiers return to their original position in formation.
COMMANDS AND THE COMMAND VOICE
When at the Halt, the commander faces the troops when giving commands. On commands that set the unit in motion (marching from one point to another), the commander moves simultaneously with the unit to maintain correct position within the formation.
When marching, the commander turns his head in the direction of the troops to give commands.
The commander gives the command AS YOU WERE to revoke a preparatory command that he has given. The command AS YOU WERE must be given before the command of execution. The commander cannot cancel the command of execution with AS YOU WERE. If an improper command is not revoked, the personnel execute the movement in the best manner possible.