Cultural relativism sees nothing inherently wrong (and nothing inherently good) with any cultural expression. So, the ancient Mayan practices of self-mutilation and human sacrifice are neither good nor bad; they are simply cultural distinctives, akin to the ‘American’ custom of shooting fireworks on the Fourth of July. Human sacrifice and fireworks—both are simply different products of separate socialization. In January 2002, when President Bush referred to terrorist nations as an “axis of evil,” cultural relativists were mortified. That any society would call another society “evil” is repugnant to the relativist.
What are the positive aspects of cultural relativism as a way to view different religious traditions?
Is cultural relativism achievable for individuals who self identify as religious?