Cultural Conflicts Prohibition- 18



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Cultural Conflicts
Prohibition- 18th amendment January 16, 1920

Goals of prohibition



  • Eliminate drunkenness and the resulting abuse of family members

  • Get rid of saloons where prostitution, gambling and other vices thrived

  • Prevent absenteeism from the job and accidents from drunkenness

Volstead Act- system for enforcing the 18th amendment

  • But was mostly ignored specifically in large cities

Bootlegging- supplying illegal alcohol

  • made their own alcohol

  • alcohol from Canada or the Caribbean

  • Speakeasies- bars that operated illegally

    • Ex. Washington D.C. 700 speakeasies and 4,000 bootleggers and before there were only 300 saloons before prohibition

    • Usually needed a membership or know the guard to get in

Organized crime

  • Started with local gangsters operating alone with supply of liquor

  • Gangsters eventually joined forces and worked together to control an area

  • Rival groups fought for control of a certain area

  • Led to organizing other illegal operations

    • Gambling

    • Prostitution

    • Racketeering

      • Bribe police to ignore illegal operations

      • Forced local business to pay for protection

Al Capone “Scarface”- most notorious of gangsters

  • Murdered his way to the top of Chicago’s organized crime

    • $60 million a year from bootlegging

  • Bought out the police, city officials, politicians, and judges

  • Bureau of Investigation- headed by J Edgar Hoover

    • Fought organized crime in the 1920’s

  • Capone was finally convicted in 1931 for income-tax evasion

Issues of Religion

  • Traditional religious beliefs were challenged from many sides

    • Science and technology were taking part in everyday life

    • War and widespread problems made people question god

    • Some scholars were saying that the bible was inaccurate

  • Fundamentalism- belief in traditional religious values

    • Argued that god inspired the bible and cannot contain contradictions

    • Declared that the bible is literally true and that every story in the bible took place as described

  • Fundamentalist gained attention during the 1920’s

    • Religious revival meetings

    • Radio shows

Scopes Trial

  • The theory of evolution was being taught in schools

    • The ideas that human beings and all other living species developed over time from simpler life forms

  • Fundamentalist argued that evolution contradicts history of creation in the bible

  • Fundamentalists worked to ban the teaching of evolution in public schools

  • 1925- Tennessee passed a ban on evolution

    • John T Scopes- fought the ban and declared it unconstitutional but was arrested for teaching evolution

  • Scopes trial took place in Dayton, Tennessee

    • William Jennings Bryan- fundamentalist

    • Clarence Darrow- defended Scopes

  • The first trial to be broadcast across the radio

  • Scopes was found guilty and fined $100

Racial Tensions

  • Summer of 1919 mob violence in 25 cities between white and black Americans

  • African American population doubled since 1910

    • Overcrowded neighborhoods

    • Heightened tensions between blacks and whites

  • An incident at Lake Michigan started the violence

    • Stone throwing erupted between blacks and whites at a beach that was usually used by whites

    • A 17-year old black boy was swimming in the lake and accidentally went to the “whites only” area

      • A white man began throwing rocks at him and he drowned

    • Blacks accused the man of killing the boy and fights broke out all over the city

      • After a few days of the fighting 23 African Americans and 15 whites were dead, and 537 people were wounded

      • Destruction caused by rioting left hundreds homeless

Klu Klux Klan

  • 1922 Klan membership was up to 100,000 and up to 4 million by 1924

    • Due to modern fundraising and publicity

    • The Klan was no longer just a southern organization

      • Indian had the largest number of members

      • Focus shifted to anyone who was un-American or who was not white-protestant

        • African-American, Catholic, Jews, immigrants and others

  • Klan members rode at night beating, whipping and even killing their victims

  • 1925-head of the Klan in Indiana was sentenced to life in prison for assaulting a girl who later poisoned herself

  • 1927-Klan activity diminished again

  • NAACP fought for anti-lynching laws

    • Denied in the senate

    • But the number decreased due to law enforcement

  • NAACP also worked to gain voting rights

    • But did little because state legislature let political parties decide who could vote

Garvey movement

  • Marcus Garvey wanted racial pride and independence

    • urged African-Americans to return to the “Motherland Africa” and create an independent state

    • Established the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA)

  • Encouraged African Americans to buy shares in the cooperation

    • Created the black star Line to return to the motherland

  • Corruption and mismanagement hurt the line and in 1925 Garvey was jailed for mail fraud charges relating to the sale of stock in the steamship company

    • 1927 deported back to Jamaica

Cultural Conflicts


Prohibition- ____________________ January 16, 1920

Goals of prohibition



  • Eliminate _______________ and the resulting _________ of family members

  • Get rid of saloons where ___________, ___________ and other _______ thrived

  • Prevent _____________ from the job and ___________ from drunkenness

Volstead Act- system for _______________ the 18th amendment

  • But was mostly ____________ specifically in large cities

Bootlegging- ___________________________________________________

  • made their own alcohol

  • alcohol from ___________ or the ________________

  • ____________________- bars that operated illegally

    • Ex. Washington D.C. 700 speakeasies and 4,000 bootleggers and before there were only 300 saloons before prohibition

    • Usually needed a membership or know the guard to get in

Organized crime

  • Started with _____________________ operating alone with supply of liquor

  • Gangsters eventually _______________ and worked together to _________________

  • Rival groups fought for control of a certain area

  • Led to organizing other illegal operations

    • __________________

    • __________________

    • __________________

      • _______________ to ignore illegal operations

      • Forced local business to __________________

Al Capone “Scarface”- most notorious of gangsters

  • Murdered his way to the top of ________________ organized crime

    • $60 million a year from bootlegging

  • Bought out the _________, ___________, _____________, and __________

  • Bureau of Investigation- headed by J Edgar Hoover

    • Fought organized crime in the 1920’s

  • Capone was finally convicted in 1931 for _____________________________

Issues of Religion

  • ___________________________________ were challenged from many sides

    • _____________ and ______________ were taking part in everyday life

    • ____________and widespread problems made people _______________

    • Some scholars were saying that the bible was ________________

  • Fundamentalism- belief in traditional religious values

    • Argued that god ________________ and cannot contain _________________

    • Declared that the bible is ____________ and that every story in the bible took place as described

  • Fundamentalist gained attention during the 1920’s

    • Religious revival meetings

    • __________________

Scopes Trial

  • The theory of __________________ was being taught in schools

    • The ideas that human beings and all other living species developed over time from simpler life forms

  • Fundamentalist argued that evolution contradicts ______________________ in the bible

  • Fundamentalists worked to ________ the teaching of ______________ in public schools

  • 1925- Tennessee passed a ban on evolution

    • John T Scopes- fought the ban and declared it ___________________ but was arrested for teaching evolution

  • Scopes trial took place in Dayton, Tennessee

    • William Jennings Bryan- _____________________

    • Clarence Darrow- _________________________

  • The first trial to be broadcast across the __________

  • Scopes was found guilty and fined $100

Racial Tensions

  • Summer of 1919 mob violence in 25 cities between white and black Americans

    • Called the “___________________” due to all the blood that was spilled

    • _______________ saw the worst riots

  • African American population doubled since 1910

    • __________________ neighborhoods

    • Heightened tensions between blacks and whites

  • An incident at Lake Michigan started the violence

    • _____________________ erupted between blacks and whites at a beach that was usually used by whites

    • A 17-year old black boy was swimming in the lake and accidentally went to the “whites only” area

      • A white man began throwing rocks at him and he drowned

    • Blacks accused the man of killing the boy and fights broke out all over the city

      • After a few days of the fighting 23 African Americans and 15 whites were dead, and 537 people were wounded

      • Destruction caused by rioting left hundreds __________________

Klu Klux Klan

  • 1922 Klan membership was up to 100,000 and up to 4 million by 1924

    • Due to modern __________________ and _________________

    • The Klan was no longer just a _____________ organization

      • __________ had the largest number of members

      • Focus shifted to anyone who was un-American or who was not white-protestant

        • African-American, _________, _______, ___________ and others

  • Klan members rode at night beating, whipping and even killing their victims

  • 1925-head of the Klan in Indiana was sentenced to _____________________ for assaulting a girl who later poisoned herself

  • 1927-Klan activity diminished again

  • NAACP fought for __________________ laws

    • Denied in the senate

    • But the number decreased due to law enforcement

  • NAACP also worked to gain __________________

    • But did little because state legislature let political parties decide who could vote

Garvey movement

  • Marcus Garvey wanted racial _________ and _________________

    • urged African-Americans to return to the “________________ Africa” and create an independent state

    • Established the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA)

  • Encouraged African Americans to buy shares in the cooperation

    • Created the Black Star Line to return to the motherland

  • _________________ and __________________ hurt the line and in 1925 Garvey was jailed for mail fraud charges relating to the sale of stock in the steamship company

    • 1927 deported back to Jamaica


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