Cuba Neg A2 Democracy Adv



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Terrorism DA



1NC Terrorism DA




Cuba remains a terrorism threat – poses direct threat to national security


Ros-Lehtinen, 5-1-13 (Leana Ros-Lehtinen, FL-27 Congresswoman, http://ros-lehtinen.house.gov/press-release/no-change-cuba%E2%80%99s-designation-state-sponsor-terrorism-reaffirms-threat-posed-castro)
No Change in Cuba’s Designation as a State Sponsor of Terrorism Reaffirms the Threat Posed by the Castro Regime, Says Ros-Lehtinen. Ileana also calls for North Korea to be re-designated as a State Sponsor of Terror “Cuba also continues to operate its vast spy network within the United States, posing a direct threat to our national security” (WASHINGTON) –U.S. Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL), Chairman of the Middle East and North Africa Subcommittee, made the following statement on the State Department’s recommendation to not change Cuba status on the State Sponsors of Terrorism (SST) list. Statement by Ros-Lehtinen: “The State Department’s announcement yesterday that it intends to keep Cuba on the State Sponsor of Terrorism (SST) list reaffirms that the Castro regime is, and has always been, a supporter and facilitator of terrorism. The unlawful actions against our nation include the Castro regime’s order of the Brothers to the Rescue shootdown in 1996 which caused the deaths of U.S. citizens over international waters. “The Cuban tyranny continues to undermine our interests at every turn and provides a safe haven for members of terrorist organizations like the FARC and ETA. The Castro brothers have long been collaborators with fellow SST members Iran and Syria, and Cuba acts as a sanctuary for fugitives from our country, including Joanne Chesimard wanted for the murder of a New Jersey State Trooper. Cuba also continues to operate its vast spy network within the United States, posing a direct threat to our national security.
Strong sanctions are necessary to squander terrorist efforts in Cuba

Bustillo 5-9-13 (Mitchell Bustillo, Hispanic Heritage Foundation Gold Medallion Winner, and a former United States Senate Page, appointed by Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison, International Policy Digest, “Time to Strengthen the Cuban Embargo”, http://www.internationalpolicydigest.org/2013/05/09/time-to-strengthen-the-cuban-embargo/)
According to U.S. Senator Robert Menendez, “Tourism to Cuba is a natural resource, akin to providing refined petroleum products to Iran. It’s reported that 2.5 million tourists visit Cuba – 1.5 million from North America…1 million Canadians…More than 170,000 from England…More than 400,000 from Spain, Italy, Germany, and France combined – All bringing in $1.9 billion in revenue to the Castro regime.” This behavior undermines the embargo, which is why the U.S. should urge other nations to adopt similar policies toward Cuba. A strong and unyielding embargo, supported by the U.S. and its allies, is necessary to incite political change. Furthermore, Sen. Menendez argues, “Those who lament our dependence on foreign oil because it enriches regimes in terrorist states like Iran, should not have a double standard when it comes to enriching a brutal dictatorship like Cuba right here in our own backyard.” If the policy of the U.S. is to challenge these behaviors, then it must also stand up to Cuba. It would be a disservice to squander the progress of the past 50 years when opportunity is looming.

Terrorism escalates via counter attacks and kills billions

Sid-Ahmed 2004 (Mohamed, staff writer, Al-Ahram, Sept. 1, issue number 705, “Extinction!”, http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/2004/705/op5.htm)
We have reached a point in human history where the phenomenon of terrorism has to be completely uprooted, not through persecution and oppression, but by removing the reasons that make particular sections of the world population resort to terrorism. This means that fundamental changes must be brought to the world system itself. The phenomenon of terrorism is even more dangerous than is generally believed. We are in for surprises no less serious than 9/11 and with far more devastating consequences. A nuclear attack by terrorists will be much more critical than Hiroshima and Nagazaki, even if -- and this is far from certain -- the weapons used are less harmful than those used then, Japan, at the time, with no knowledge of nuclear technology, had no choice but to capitulate. Today, the technology is a secret for nobody. So far, except for the two bombs dropped on Japan, nuclear weapons have been used only to threaten. Now we are at a stage where they can be detonated. This completely changes the rules of the game. We have reached a point where anticipatory measures can determine the course of events. Allegations of a terrorist connection can be used to justify anticipatory measures, including the invasion of a sovereign state like Iraq. As it turned out, these allegations, as well as the allegation that Saddam was harboring WMD, proved to be unfounded. What would be the consequences of a nuclear attack by terrorists? Even if it fails, it would further exacerbate the negative features of the new and frightening world in which we are now living. Societies would close in on themselves, police measures would be stepped up at the expense of human rights, tensions between civilizations and religions would rise and ethnic conflicts would proliferate. It would also speed up the arms race and develop the awareness that a different type of world order is imperative if humankind is to survive. But the still more critical scenario is if the attack succeeds. This could lead to a third world war, from which no one will emerge victorious. Unlike a conventional war which ends when one side triumphs over another, this war will be without winners and losers. When nuclear pollution infects the whole planet, we will all be losers.

2NC Link Exts




Sanctions are a useful pressure in Obama’s counterterror efforts


Taylor 5-26-13 (Andrew Taylor, “Obama Counterterrorism Strategy Slammed by Republicans, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/05/26/obama-counterterrorism_n_3339860.html)
Obama ally Sen. Charles Schumer, D-N.Y., said that "having transparency, having rules and engaging other activities other than military to help curb the war on terror – diplomacy, economic sanctions and things like that – is going to be useful as well. So I think the president did a very, very smart pivot, realizing we're not going to let up on terrorists, but at the same time we're going to meet the changes in the world."
Sanctions are an example of political courage to fight terrorism in Cuba

Radelat 2012 (Summer 2012, Latino Magazine, “Cuban Standoff,” http://www.latinomagazine.com/summer12/features/cuba.htm)
Once again, the move brought blistering criticism from a Cuban-American lawmaker. “The administration must stop bending over backwards to accommodate the needs, whims, and requests of this state sponsor of terrorism that, again, is located just 90 miles from U.S. shores,” said Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, R-Fla. Sabatini said Obama administration efforts to improve relations right now “would take political courage, which so far appears to be lacking.” Cuba is also mired in a political quagmire. It has made modest economic reforms, expanded self-employment, liberalized rules for family-run restaurants, gave Cuban farmers more flexibility to sell their products, and created fledgling real estate markets in big cities such as Havana and Santiago. Sabatini said Cuba’s modest economic reforms have “let the genie out of the bottle. ...They can’t go back but that doesn’t mean they’ll go forward. The Cuban government’s ability to stagnate is outstanding, but now it’s almost fermenting.” The Cuban government hasn’t been able to move forward on larger economic reforms, including a plan to lay off thousands of state workers. It hoped the newly unemployed workers would, in a controlled manner, boost Cuba’s tiny private sector.

2NC Impact Exts




A nuclear terror attack causes miscalculation and nuclear war


Speice 2006 (Patrick, J.D. Candidate 2006, Marshall-Wythe School of Law, College of William and Mary, “NEGLIGENCE AND NUCLEAR NONPROLIFERATION: ELIMINATING THE CURRENT LIABILITY BARRIER TO BILATERAL U.S.-RUSSIAN NONPROLIFERATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS,” William & Mary Law Review, Feb, l/n)
The potential consequences of the unchecked spread of nuclear knowledge and material to terrorist groups that seek to cause mass destruction in the United States are truly horrifying. A terrorist attack with a nuclear weapon would be devastating in terms of immediate human and economic losses. 49 Moreover, there would be immense political pressure in the United States to discover the perpetrators and retaliate with nuclear weapons, massively increasing the number of casualties and potentially triggering a full-scale nuclear conflict. 50 In addition to the threat posed by terrorists, leakage of nuclear knowledge and material from Russia will reduce the barriers that states with nuclear ambitions face and may trigger widespread proliferation of nuclear weapons. 51 This proliferation will increase the risk of nuclear attacks against the United States [*1440] or its allies by hostile states, 52 as well as increase the likelihood that regional conflicts will draw in the United States and escalate to the use of nuclear weapons. 53

A2 Removing Sanctions Solves



Terrorism is a threat in Cuba despite Obama’s counterterrorism promises – suspects and open prison


Taylor 5-26-13 (Andrew Taylor, “Obama Counterterrorism Strategy Slammed by Republicans, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/05/26/obama-counterterrorism_n_3339860.html)
WASHINGTON -- Republicans keep slamming President Barack Obama's push to move the government away from a war footing and refine and recalibrate counterterrorism strategy. Capitol Hill Republicans like Sen. Lindsey Graham of South Carolina say Obama is projecting weakness at a time when the United States needs to show resolve against terror networks like al-Qaida. The South Carolina Republican said Sunday that "at a time when we need resolve the most, we're sounding retreat." Obama gave a major speech Thursday in which he said al-Qaida is "on the path to defeat" and he's signaling that he's reluctant to commit troops overseas to conflicts like Syria or other countries struggling with instability in the uncertain aftermath of the Arab Spring. He's also modifying policies on the use of unmanned drone aircraft to try to limit civilian casualties and is redoubling his longstanding – but so far unfulfilled – promise to close the prison at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, where many terrorism suspects are being held without formal charges. Obama is trying to recast the image of terrorists from enemy warriors to cowardly thugs and move the United States away a state of perpetual war. But Graham said Obama is displaying a "lack of resolve" despite a slew of concerns in the Middle East, including civil war and chemical weapons in Syria and threats to Israel from Syria's unrest and Iran's nuclear program. "We show this lack of resolve, talking about the war being over," Graham said. "What do you think the Iranians are thinking? At the end of the day, this is the most tone-deaf president I ever could imagine." "I see a big difference between the president saying the war's at an end and whether or not you've won the war," said Sen. Tom Coburn, R-Okla. "We can claim that it's at an end, but this war's going to continue. And we have still tremendous threats out there, that are building, not declining, building, and to not recognize that, I think, is dangerous in the long run and dangerous for the world."





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