Creek or Cherokee?

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Creek or Cherokee? Name:

By Wendy Malsby, MCMS

Directions: Read the characteristic described on the left, then in the right column, state which Native American tribe fits this characteristic, or if both do.

Native American Characteristic

Cherokee, Creek, or Both

The first to have their own written language.

Their constitution resembled the United States constitution.

A group from this Indian tribe attacked white and mixed-blood settlers at Fort Mims, Alabama.

Chief Alexander McGillivray signed a treaty giving up this group’s lands east of the Oconee River.

This group established a permanent capital, New Echota, in Georgia, near present-day Calhoun.

This group took a case to the U.S. Supreme Court and won. But the ruling was never enforced.

This group surrendered much of their land to the U.S. Government after the fighting at Horseshoe Bend, Alabama.

This tribe met and befriended James Oglethorpe and the passengers on the ANNE.

Forced to leave Georgia.

Group divided up into red-sticks and white-sticks.

This group ceded land through a treaty signed by William McIntosh.

This group ceded land to Georgia through the Treaty of New Echota, signed by Major Ridge.

Some of this group went west on their own to the Indian territory, while others fought to retain their lands for future generations.

This group was the most influenced by the white civilization.

This group was sometimes referred to as the Muscogees.

The Seminoles, in Florida, were a branch of this Indian tribe.

General Winfield Scott, of the U.S. Army, was in charge of the final removal of this tribe (known as the Trail of Tears).

This group had a bilingual newspaper, printed in both their Indian language and in English.

This group lived in North Georgia. Gold was discovered on their land.

This group lived in Central and South Georgia.

Primary Source Document Analysis p. 162 -163

The Cherokee State Their Case…The President Speaks…The Indians Reply

Analyze the three primary source documents on pages 162-163

to answer the questions below.

“Memorial” (March 3, 1829) by Cherokee Chief John Ross and Others

  1. Who is the intended audience?

  2. Summarize two important points made by the author.


“Indian Talk” (May 30, 1829) by President Andrew Jackson

  1. Who is the intended audience?

  2. Summarize two important points made by the author.


“Chief Speckled Snake Replies” (June 20, 1829) by Chief Speckled Snake

  1. Who is the intended audience?

  2. Summarize two important points made by the author.

What Do You Think?

Many Americans read about the Native American Removal period and feel ashamed.

  1. What do you think would have been the effect of modern communications, like television or the Internet, if it had existed at that time?

  1. Would the “Trail of Tears” still have happened? Give REASONS to support you opinion.

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