Creating a New Government Questions Part 2 Solving Problems
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Creating a New Government Questions Part 2
Solving Problems: Fill in this chart as you read about how the United States formed their own government
Representation in the
3/5 Compromise –
Slave Trade Compromise
2 per state in senate
By population for house
5 slaves = 3 people
Slave Trade Compromise
Congress would not ban slavery until 1808.
National government collects taxes and regulates trade between states
What difference did the Great Compromise make in Congress?
Changed it from one house to two
In the Senate each state has the same number of votes.
In the House the number of votes for a state is determined by that state’s
What were the states arguing about counting? people
What two things did this affect? Representation and taxes
The Three-Fifths Compromise said that every 5 slaves would count as 3 people for the purposes of representation and taxes.
The Northern states had already outlawed slavery and importing slaves.
Which two states were particularly against the above going into the Constitution? South Carolina and Georgia
How did the Slave Trade Compromise save the situation? Congress would not ban slavery until 1808.
Who did the commerce clause collect taxes from and regulate trade between? states
The national government was divided into three branches:
Legislative branch would make the laws.
Judicial branch would interpret the laws.
Executive branch would enforce the laws.
How does the Legislative Branch check the Executive Branch? Congress passes laws.
How does the Executive Branch check the Legislative Branch? President may veto laws.
How does the Legislative Branch check the Judicial Branch?
How does the Judicial Branch check the Legislative Branch?
Declares laws unconstitutional
How does the Judicial Branch check the Executive Branch?
Can declare presidential acts unconstitutional.
How does the Executive Branch check the Judicial Branch?
The number of electors for each state equals # of senators plus # of representatives
How many states had to approve the Constitution for it to become law? 9
What did Antifederalists fear? That the federal government would be too powerful
Who wrote The Federalist papers? Why? James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and Joh Jay; to answer critics
Why did the Founding Fathers believe that it was important for large states to ratify the Constitution? Because they were powerful and it would be in everyone’s best interest if all states worked together
What did Virginia and New York want added to the Constitution?
Bill of Rights
Who decided to remain independent of the United States? In what year did they change their minds? Rhode Island and North Carolina; 1790
Who wrote the Bill of Rights? James Madison
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