Creating a New Government Questions Part 2 Solving Problems



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Creating a New Government Questions Part 2

Solving Problems: Fill in this chart as you read about how the United States formed their own government

Problems

Solutions

Representation in the

New Government




3/5 Compromise –

Great Compromise



Slavery


3/5 Compromise

Slave Trade Compromise



Four Constitutional Compromises

Compromise

Effect

Great Compromise


Bicameral Legislature

2 per state in senate



By population for house

Three-Fifths Compromise


5 slaves = 3 people

Slave Trade Compromise


Congress would not ban slavery until 1808.

Commerce Clause


National government collects taxes and regulates trade between states



  1. What difference did the Great Compromise make in Congress?

Changed it from one house to two

  1. In the Senate each state has the same number of votes.

  2. In the House the number of votes for a state is determined by that state’s

population.

  1. What were the states arguing about counting? people

  2. What two things did this affect? Representation and taxes

  3. The Three-Fifths Compromise said that every 5 slaves would count as 3 people for the purposes of representation and taxes.

  4. The Northern states had already outlawed slavery and importing slaves.

  5. Which two states were particularly against the above going into the Constitution? South Carolina and Georgia

  6. How did the Slave Trade Compromise save the situation? Congress would not ban slavery until 1808.

  7. Who did the commerce clause collect taxes from and regulate trade between? states

  8. The national government was divided into three branches:

    1. Legislative branch would make the laws.

    2. Judicial branch would interpret the laws.

    3. Executive branch would enforce the laws.

  9. How does the Legislative Branch check the Executive Branch? Congress passes laws.

  10. How does the Executive Branch check the Legislative Branch? President may veto laws.

  11. How does the Legislative Branch check the Judicial Branch?

Approves appointments

  1. How does the Judicial Branch check the Legislative Branch?

Declares laws unconstitutional

  1. How does the Judicial Branch check the Executive Branch?

Can declare presidential acts unconstitutional.

  1. How does the Executive Branch check the Judicial Branch?

Appoints judges.

  1. The number of electors for each state equals # of senators plus # of representatives



  1. How many states had to approve the Constitution for it to become law? 9

  2. What did Antifederalists fear? That the federal government would be too powerful

  3. Who wrote The Federalist papers? Why? James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and Joh Jay; to answer critics

  4. Why did the Founding Fathers believe that it was important for large states to ratify the Constitution? Because they were powerful and it would be in everyone’s best interest if all states worked together

  5. What did Virginia and New York want added to the Constitution?

Bill of Rights

  1. Who decided to remain independent of the United States? In what year did they change their minds? Rhode Island and North Carolina; 1790

  2. Who wrote the Bill of Rights? James Madison


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