Link: How do you know when you are sick? First you must recognize what is normal for you—then you can identify abnormal behaviors and deal with problems that arise.
Motivation: Since our horses cannot tell us when they are not feeling well, we must identify normal behaviors so we can recognize abnormal issues. Maintaining horse health and soundness is a big part of keeping horses healthy for the long term. Just like we change the oil in our cars, horses require routine maintenance to stay healthy.
Overview: Today we will: Describe “normal” behavior and characteristics; Determine routine maintenance required for horses; Identify common health and soundness problems
Left untreated, a relatively minor issue can result in permanent lameness.
Vaccinations, Veterinary Care, and Testing
Vaccinations are an inexpensive way to ensure your horse's long term health. Most horses are vaccinated twice a year.
Included in most vaccination programs are inoculations for: influenza (flu) rhinopneumonitis (rhino), eastern and western strains of encephalomyelitis (sleeping sickness), and tetanus. Other inoculations are available for common illnesses like rabies and equine distemper (strangles), EPM and West Nile Virus.
The veterinarian will also provide routine dental care.
Equine Infectious Anemia (E.I.A.) is a disease transmitted between horses by blood sucking insects. Every state has regulations regarding the requirement of documentation that horses are E.I.A. negative before they its borders. An E.I.A. test (commonly called a "Coggins" test) is required at horse shows, clinics, sales, events and campgrounds as well.
Since horses are constantly exposed to intestinal worms from the ground they graze on, they must be dewormed every six to eight weeks with an oral paste dewormer.
Carrying a heavy burden of worms can cause serious illness or death in equines, so regular and timely treatment is crucial to your horse's health.
Sometimes veterinarians will also recommend tube worming where a tube is inserted through the nostrils into the stomach to administer the dewormer.
For each of the following, look up information related to the disorder, how to diagnose it, and how to treat it. On a scale of 1-10 with 1 being mild and 10 being severe, identify the severity of the disorder
Example: Colic is a digestive problem that can range from mild to severe. Symptoms are biting at side, pawing, little or no stool passage, and general discomfort. Treatment ranges from a muscle relaxer and walking to surgery.