Core worksheet a due Process of Law 3 Name Class Date chapter



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CORE WORKSHEET A

Due Process of Law

3

Name ___________________________ Class _____________________ Date _______


CHAPTER

20

SECTION 1
Read the core due process procedures below. Then complete the steps that follow.
Core Due Process Procedures
Notice—After thorough investigation, the government must tell the accused the

specific charges against him or her.



Hearing—The accused has the right to be heard in a trial before a jury of his or her

peers. The accused has the right to have a lawyer prepare a defense.



Evidence—The accused is presumed innocent, and it is the government that must

prove guilt beyond a reasonable doubt through evidence and witnesses. The

accused has a right to face witnesses and ask questions about how the evidence

or information was gathered.


Part 1 Read the information below about the 1976 trial of Henry Baker (not his real

name). Then identify which of the core due process procedures listed above applies

to each of the steps in this case.

1. The owner of a convenience store is shot and killed. Henry Baker, who was

walking by the store at the time, is named the prime suspect.

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2. A single eyewitness claims he heard one shotgun blast kill the store owner.

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3. A sheriff’s deputy introduces a spent shotgun shell found in Baker’s car.

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4. The local physician testifies that the autopsy shows the victim was killed by a

single shotgun blast.

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5. Baker claims he is innocent and was framed by a corrupt sheriff’s department.

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6. A jury convicts Baker, and he goes to prison.

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7. Do you think due process was followed in Baker’s trial? Explain.

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132


3

Name ___________________________ Class _____________________ Date _______
CORE WORKSHEET A (continued)

Due Process of Law
Part 2 Read the new information below, which came forth about Henry Baker’s

case in 2002. Based on this information, identify which due process procedure was

neglected in Baker’s 1976 trial.

8. The current medical examiner reviews the autopsy report. Forensic evidence

shows two wounds from a handgun, not a shotgun.

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9. Earlier written testimony by the witness reveals that he heard two shots, not

one as he told the jury at trial.

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10. Baker’s inexperienced, court-appointed attorney failed to closely question

the eyewitness, read the eyewitness’s earlier written testimony, or provide

alternative scenarios that would have created a reasonable doubt.

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11. There was a rush to convict someone of the crime and provide closure for the

victim’s family; no other suspects were sought.

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Reflection Question

12. Based on this case, why is the concept of due process important to a free society?

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Copyright © by Pearson Education, Inc., or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

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