Contents Page Where is Wales? Travelling to Wales Travelling in Wales Leisure in Wales Who are the Welsh? Famous buildings in Wales The castles of Wales Sport in Wales Energy in Wales Holidays in Wales Time to investigate! Vocabulary Page 2 Where is



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Contents
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Where is Wales?

Travelling to Wales

Travelling in Wales

Leisure in Wales

Who are the Welsh?

Famous buildings in Wales

The castles of Wales

Sport in Wales

Energy in Wales

Holidays in Wales

Time to investigate!

Vocabulary

Page 2
Where is Wales?


Where is Wales? In Europe

What is Wales? A country


Wales is in Europe.

Wales is a country in Europe.


[Map]

EUROPE


ASIA

AFRICA


ANTARCTICA

OCEANIA


NORTH AMERICA

SOUTH AMERICA

N

E

S



W
north Scotland

south France (The Channel)

west Ireland

east England


Page 3
Travelling to Wales
By aeroplane

People travel by aeroplane to Wales.


By ferry

Sometimes people travel by ferry to Wales.



By car

People travel by car to Wales.

People travel here along the A55 in the north and the M4 in the south.
By train and bus

People travel by train to Wales.

People also travel by bus to Wales.

Page 4
Travelling in Wales


[Map key]
Main road

Motorway


Railway
How do people travel in Wales?
People travel by bike in Wales.
People travel by car in Wales.
People travel by bus or train in Wales.
People travel on the CymruExpress bus from north to south.
Some people travel in a small aeroplane in Wales.
People travel from Anglesey airport to Cardiff airport.

Page 5
Leisure in Wales


What kind of things do the Welsh enjoy?
Some people in Wales enjoy:
rugby

football


basketball

ten-pin bowling

cricket

golf


cinema

swimming


sailing

surfing


cycling

walking


Rugby is important in Wales.

The Welsh rugby team wears red.


Page 6
Who are the Welsh?
We remember Saint David on the first of March every year.
Saint David died in about 589.
David’s last words are said to have been “Do the little things”.
The Celts
The Celts were the ancestors of the Welsh.
The Celts lived in Wales.
They lived in the Iron Age (750 BC – 50 AD).
[Caption]

Castell Henllys Celtic Village, Pembrokeshire


The Celts were farmers.
They used animal skins and wool to make clothes.
Lived: in roundhouses

Ate: bread, meat, pulses, cheese

Drank: water, mead

Wore: woollen clothes, animal skins

Spoke: a Celtic language, similar to Welsh

Llywelyn the Last (Ein Llyw Olaf = Our Last Leader) (c. 1225–1282)

Llywelyn was the last prince of Wales.


Owain Glyndŵr

Owain wanted a parliament for Wales. He also wanted a church and two universities for Wales – one in the south and one in the north. Owain had to fight for Wales against the English.


Owain Glyndŵr’s parliament was in Machynlleth.
[Caption]

Owain Glyndŵr’s banner


The Welsh today

Some famous Welsh people today…

JONES IS A COMMON SURNAME IN WALES!

Page 7
Famous buildings in Wales


There are some very famous buildings in Cardiff, the capital city of Wales.
The Senedd
The Millennium Stadium
The Millennium Centre
There is also a famous building in Aberystwyth.
The National Library of Wales
There are six cathedrals in Wales.
[Map]

Bangor


St Asaph

St Davids

Brecon

Newport


Cardiff
St Davids Cathedral

Saint David lived in the St Davids area in the sixth century.

The cathedral has been there since the twelfth century.
St Asaph Cathedral

There is a memorial outside St Asaph Cathedral to commemorate the work of William Morgan, who translated the Bible into Welsh, along with those who helped him.

Page 8
The castles of Wales

Wherever you live in Wales, there’s a castle not far from you!


The Norman castles

The Normans came to Wales in 1066.

At first, they built motte and bailey castles, and then stone castles.

Cardiff Castle is a Norman castle.


The castles of Llywelyn the Great

Llywelyn the Great was prince of North Wales from 1195 until 1240. Llywelyn’s people built stone castles. Dolbadarn Castle is one of Llywelyn’s castles.


The castles of Edward I

Edward I was king of England from 1272 until 1307. The Welsh didn’t like Edward I because he wanted to rule Wales. They didn’t like Edward’s castles because the Welsh were not permitted to live within the castle walls nor to buy and sell things within the castle walls. Conwy Castle is one of the castles of Edward I.


CAN YOU NAME ANOTHER CASTLE?

Page 9
Sport in Wales


Rugby

The Welsh like to play and watch rugby.


Many of the big rugby teams are in south Wales.
BUT THEY PLAY RUGBY IN THE NORTH TOO!
The Six Nations Championship is held every year.
Women enjoy playing rugby too. The Welsh women’s team won the Triple Crown for the first time in 2009!
Football

The first football match to be played on the Racecourse in Wrexham was held in 1906, between Wales and Ireland. The score was 4–4.


Today, many people enjoy watching football on television.
A famous Welsh footballer
Name: Aaron Ramsay

From: Caerphilly

School: Ysgol Gyfun Gymraeg Cwm Rhymni

Born: 26 December 1990

Job: Playing football for Arsenal

Page 10
Watersports

surfing

white water rafting



coasteering

sailing
Canolfan Tryweryn, Bala

What? white water rafting

canoeing


kayaking
Tŵr y Felin (TYF) Centre, St Davids

What? coasteering

rock climbing

surfing


kayaking
THE WELSH ARE GOOD AT MANY SPORTS!
The London Olympics 2012

30 members of Team GB in the Olympic Games were Welsh. They won 7 medals.


Medals

Who? From? What? Medal

Fred Evans Cardiff boxing silver

Geraint Thomas Cardiff cycling gold

Sarah Thomas Merthyr Tydfil hockey bronze

Chris Bartley Wrexham rowing silver

Tom James Wrexham rowing gold

Hannah Mills Cardiff sailing silver

Jade Jones Flint taekwondo gold


38 members of Team GB in the Paralympic Games in 2012 were Welsh. They won 15 medals – 3 gold, 3 silver and 9 bronze. Do you know who won the medals?
Page 11
Energy in Wales
The Welsh use …
solar energy
hydroelectric power
wind energy
gas power
oil power
coal power
wave energy
Page 12
Where do we convert energy in Wales?
Dinorwig hydroelectric power station
Pembroke oil power station
Aberthaw coal-fired power station

Hydroelectric power at Dinorwig Power Station

There is a very special power station in Llanberis.

They use water to make electricity.

You can walk into the mountain. The mountain is called Elidir Fawr.


Coal

Welsh coal provides important fuel for the power stations. The power stations generate electricity.

Coal and oil are types of non-renewable energy. This energy will come to an end!

Wind and water are types of renewable energy. This energy will never come to an end!

Some people think that types of energy such as oil, coal and gas are dirty.

They think that energy such as solar energy and wind energy are clean – green energy.


Page 13
Green energy
Wind turbines
Wind farms
A lot of wind turbines are required in order to generate a lot of energy.

This is a wind farm.

The farm is on top of a hill, because it’s windy there!
SOME PEOPLE DON’T BELIEVE THAT GREEN ENERGY IS ENOUGH. THEY WANT TO USE NUCLEAR POWER.
Here is another wind farm.

The wind farm is in the sea near Rhyl.

The farm is in the sea because it’s windy there.

Some people think that wind turbines are ugly and harmful to nature.


Page 14
Nuclear power

Between the 1960s and the 1990s there were two nuclear power stations in Wales. Trawsfynydd nuclear power station was in the north-west and Wylfa power station was on Anglesey.


Trawsfynydd nuclear power station
Wales must have low carbon energy by 2050.
What is the government’s plan?

  • to have wind turbines on 2% of Wales’ land;

  • to make Anglesey an Energy Enterprise zone – building more wind turbines on the land and in the sea;

  • the Tan 8 scheme to achieve fewer carbon emissions.


The Tan 8 scheme

What will happen under the Tan 8 Scheme?

Will the scheme affect one particular part of Wales?

Why are some people opposed to the Tan 8 Scheme?


Page 15
Holidays in Wales

People like coming on holiday to Wales.


Why?
Wales is beautiful.
Wales is historic.
Wales is modern.
Page 16
Where do they stay?
In a campsite or caravan site

People like to go camping in a tent. They also like to stay in a caravan.

Some people like to stay in a tent or a caravan on a farm.
Bed and breakfast

People like to stay at a bed and breakfast in Wales.

People also like to stay in a cottage or a house where they can make their own food.
Holidays in a seaside hotel

Some people like to stay in a hotel. Sometimes they like to stay in a posh hotel by the sea.


AND SOME LIKE TO STAY IN A TIPI NEAR ABERPORTH!

Page 17
What activities do people enjoy on holiday in Wales?


Walking holidays in Wales

People like to go on walking holidays.

There are many footpaths in Wales.

The Pembrokeshire coast path is 186 miles long.

According to one travel company, the path is one of the 10 best walks in the world!
Around five hundred thousand (500,000) people go up Snowdon every year. They don’t all walk! Many go on the mountain railway.
It’s important that visitors come to Wales. But it’s also important to follow the Countryside Code when walking, in order to keep the area beautiful, and the animals happy.
WHAT ARE THE RULES OF THE COUNTRYSIDE CODE?
How does Skomer Island care for wildlife?

The island is a nature reserve.

The boat brings visitors to the island in the summer.

The boat brings people to see the birds and the wildlife on the island.

There are 12,000 puffins on Skomer Island in the summer.

The Pembrokeshire Coast National Park controls how many people go to the island every day in the summer. This protects the island’s wildlife.


Page 18
Holidays in the capital
We like to go on holiday to Cardiff.
It’s a good place to …
go shopping
go on a boat on the river Taf
see a game of rugby
go out to eat
go on the big wheel in Cardiff Bay
Wales in the future!
More visitors to Wales will be a good thing because it will mean…


  • more money for Wales

  • more work for the people of Wales

  • more leisure activities for visitors and the people of Wales too

  • more money to improve facilities – walking/travelling/etc.

More visitors to Wales will be a bad thing because it will mean …




  • too much traffic on the roads

  • paths will be destroyed

  • more holiday accommodation rather than houses for local people

  • animals/plants disappearing; farm animals frightened

What do you think?

Page 19
Time to investigate!
LOOK FOR THE ANSWERS IN THIS BOOK!
How do people travel in Wales?

Who were the Celts?

Is Wales famous for its sports?

What kind of buildings are there in Wales?

How does Wales get its energy?

Where are the wind farms in Wales?

Why do people come on holiday to Wales?

What do people do on holiday in Wales?

What kind of sports can you do in Wales?
Page 20
LOOK IN OTHER SOURCES!
What leisure activities do people do in your area?

What is the story of Llywelyn the Last?

What is the story of William Morgan?

Which famous Welsh people can speak Welsh?

Which Welsh athletes competed in the Olympics or the Paralympics?

What interesting buildings are there in your area?



Is there a power station/wind farm in your area?

What do you think about renewable energy and non-renewable energy?


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