Constitutional Convention Notes The Constitutional Convention begins



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Constitutional Convention Notes

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The Constitutional Convention begins
• _____________ - Philadelphia
• Delegates from all the states invited to a convention to improve the ___________________________________________, which were not working
• Only _________________________ didn’t attend
• ___________ Delegates attended

Leaders of the Convention
• _____________________________ was asked to preside (lead) over the convention.
• _____________________________ kept notes of the discussions and is often called “The Father of the Constitution.”
• The men who wrote the Constitution are called the "__________________________."
• All the participants in the Convention were ___________________, white, males.

Issues that divided the Nation’s leaders
• The ____________________ of the federal government. Would the states or the federal government have the most power?
• _______________________ in Congress (How many members on Congress would each state get? – small states wanted equal representation, large states wanted it to be determined by population of the states
• _________________ – How would slaves be counted? Would the slave trade continue?

The Virginia Plan
• Called for a new __________________ government. Threw out the Articles of Confederation
• Three separate branches of government. – a ___________________ branch, _____________________ branch, and __________________ branch
• Representation in the legislative branch based on _____________________ of state
Large states like the plan, ______________ don’t.

New Jersey Plan
• Legislature - has ______________ house.
• Each state gets _______________ vote.
Small states like the plan, the ______________ states hate it.
• There would have to be a ___________________.

The Great Compromise
• Legislature would have two houses (parts): ______________________________ and a ______________________
• House - based on the ________________________ of state
• Senate - ________________ senators per each state

Slavery

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• The Southern states refused to __________________________ the Constitution unless slavery continued.
• It was a terrible compromise to make, but the Northern states had no choice if they wanted a Constitution.
• ___________________________ - Made each slave worth 3/5 of a vote in deciding numbers in House of Representatives
• Congress could not ban the slave trade until _____________.


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