Conquest of Mexico Chronology



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Conquest of Mexico -- Chronology

 

(by Jacobo Sefami from his Core Lecture)



 

  • Previous Spanish expeditions: 1517, by Francisco Hernández de Córdoba; 1518, by Juan de Grijalva.

  • Feb 1519. Arrival of Hernán Cortés in the Yucatan Peninsula.

  • April 1519. Malinche is among 20 slaves given as a present to Cortés.

  • July 1519. Cortés destroys his ships, in order to march to Tenochtitlan.

  • Sept. 1519. Battles with the Tlaxcaltecs. They become Spanish allies.

  • Oct. 1519. Massacre in Cholula.

  • November 8, 1519. Arrival at Tenochtitlan.

  • November 14 (?), 1519. Moctezuma becomes prisoner of Cortés.

  • May 1520. Cortés leaves Tenochtitlan in order to confront Pánfilo de Narváez. Massacre in the Great Temple of Tenochtitlan. Subsequently, the Aztecs force the Spaniards to their quarters.

  • June 24, 1520. Cortés returns to Tenochtitlan, after defeating Narváez.

  • June 27 or 28, 1520. Death of Moctezuma. Cuitlahuac becomes the new ruler of the Aztecs.

  • June 30, 1520. Under attack, the Spaniards escape from Tenochtitlan.

  • July 14, 1520. Battle of Otumba.

  • November 25, 1520. Cuitlahuac dies of smallpox. Cuauhtemoc becomes the new ruler of the Aztecs.

  • Jul 1520-Apr 1521. Spanish reinforcements arrive.

  • Feb.-March, 1521. Construction of brigantines.

  • Other Indian towns help the Spaniards.

  • May 30, 1521. Beginning of the siege of Tenochtitlan.

August 13, 1521. Capture of Cuauhtemoc, and surrender of the Aztecs.

 


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