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Notes: Only significant coefficients shown. * Significant differences by race were determined from a pooled model testing race interactions.

Table 6. Percent Change in the Likelihood of Remaining a Singleton Mother (vs. 2nd Child), by Race and Marriage

 

White


Black

Race Difference

 

Single

Married

Single

Married

Significant?*

Reproductive History
















Duration (from age at 1st child)

4%

4%

7%

7%

Yes

Previous Abortion

22%

22%

38%

38%

No

Previous Miscarriage

17%

17%

41%

41%

No

Infecundity Issues

10%

10%

NS

NS

No

Sterilized

161%

161%

205%

205%

No

Human Capital
















High School Graduate

75%

6%

NS

NS

No

Some College

126%

-6%

NS

NS

No

College Degree

126%

-13%

84%

-8%

Yes

Part-time Employment

NS

NS

NS

NS

No

Full-time Employment

16%

16%

NS

NS

No

Socioeconomic Characteristics
















Mother College Graduate

-10%

-10%

NS

NS

No

Mother Full-time Worker

NS

NS

NS

NS

No

Below 150% Poverty

-19%

-19%

-26%

-26%

No

Church Attendance

NS

NS

NS

NS

No

Demographic Characteristics
















Latina

NS

NS

NS

NS

No

Immigrant

NS

NS

-33%

-33%

No

NSFG Cycle

15%

15%

11%

11%

No

Notes: Only significant coefficients shown. * Significant differences by race were determined from a pooled model testing race interactions.

APPENDIX

Table A-1. Event History Coefficients, Standard Errors, and Risk Ratios for Selected Characteristics on the Risk of Becoming a Mother (vs. Remaining Childless), marriage interactions



WHITE


BLACK

 

Coefficient

Risk Ratio

Risk Ratio

Coefficient

Risk Ratio

Risk Ratio

 

Std. Err.




Mother

Childless

Std. Err.




Mother

Childless

Family Structure

























Married

3.075

***

21.653

0.046

0.998

**

2.712

0.369

 

(0.427)










(0.447)










Cohabiting

0.065










0.116










 

(0.140)










(0.140)










Reproductive History

























Duration (from age at menarche)

0.116

***

1.123

0.890

0.124

***

1.131

0.884

 

(0.012)










(0.019)










Previous Abortion

-0.440

***

0.644

1.553

-0.176

**

0.838

1.193

 

(0.050)










(0.086)










Previous Miscarriage

-0.202

***

0.817

1.224

-0.538

***

0.584

1.713

 

(0.039)










(0.088)










Infecundity Issues

0.229










0.050










 

(0.138)










(0.082)










Married*Infecundity Issues

-0.502

***

0.605

1.653

NS










 

(0.146)






















Sterilized

-2.647

***

0.071

14.118

-2.297

***

0.101

9.942

 

(0.290)










(0.321)










Human Capital

























High School Graduate

-1.230

***

0.292

3.421

-0.515

***

0.598

1.674

 

(0.137)










(0.114)










Married*High School Graduate

0.609

***

1.839

0.544

0.288










 

(0.150)










(0.196)










Some College

-1.313

***

0.269

3.717

-0.815

***

0.443

2.258

 

(0.147)










(0.137)










Married*Some College

0.578

***

1.782

0.561

0.555

***

1.741

0.574

 

(0.160)










(0.215)










College Degree

-2.702

***

0.067

14.910

-1.203

***

0.300

3.331

 

(0.204)










(0.170)










Married*College Degree

1.518

***

4.561

0.219

0.721

***

2.056

0.486

 

(0.210)










(0.233)










Part-time Employment

0.087










-0.349

***

0.705

1.418

 

(0.057)










(0.124)










Full-time Employment

-0.042










-0.009










 

(0.048)










(0.086)










Socioeconomic Characteristics

























Mother College Graduate

-0.100

**

0.905

1.105

0.026










 

(0.050)










(0.103)










Mother Full-time Worker

0.048










0.074










 

(0.043)










(0.068)










Below 150% Poverty

0.014










0.262

***

1.299

0.770

 

(0.060)










(0.083)










Church Attendance

-0.060










-0.036










 

(0.040)










(0.115)










Demographic Characteristics

























Latina

0.126

*

1.134

0.882

-0.105










 

(0.068)










(0.199)










Immigrant

-0.199

***

0.820

1.220

-0.143










 

(0.066)










(0.133)










NSFG Cycle

0.243

***

1.276

0.784

0.063










 

(0.074)










(0.056)










Married*NSFG Cycle

-0.537

***

0.584

1.711

-0.296

***

0.744

1.344

 

(0.079)










(0.088)









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