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Note: Data from Waves 4, 5, and 6 of the National Survey of Family Growth

Statistically significant differences by race across the parity grouping indicated in bold



Table 2. Effects of Selected Characteristics on the Likelihood of Becoming a Mother (vs. remaining childless)

 

Coefficient




Risk Ratio

Risk Ratio

 

(St. Err.)

 

Mother

Childless

Family Structure













Married

0.407

***

1.503

0.665

 

(0.043)










Cohabiting

0.124









 

(0.098)










Reproductive History













Duration (from age at menarche)

0.106

***

1.112

0.900

 

(0.010)










Previous Abortion

-0.359

***

0.699

1.431

 

(0.043)










Previous Miscarriage

-0.284

***

0.752

1.329

 

(0.036)










Infecundity Issues

-0.130

***

0.878

1.139

 

(0.040)










Sterilized

-2.549

***

0.078

12.799

 

(0.215)










Human Capital













High School Graduate

-0.538

***

0.584

1.712

 

(0.052)










Some College

-0.683

***

0.505

1.980

 

(0.058)










College Graduate

-1.126

***

0.324

3.083

 

(0.061)










Part-time Employment

-0.012









 

(0.051)










Full-time Employment

-0.072

*

0.931

1.074

 

(0.042)










Socioeconomic Characteristics













Mother College Graduate

-0.075

*

0.928

1.078

 

(0.045)










Mother Full-time Worker

0.055









 

(0.036)










Below 150% poverty

0.152

***

1.164

0.859

 

(0.047)










Church Attendance

-0.043









 

(0.037)










Demographic Characteristics













Black

0.344

***

1.411

0.709

 

(0.042)










Latina

0.079









 

(0.062)










Immigrant

-0.146

**

0.864

1.157

 

(0.058)










NSFG Cycle

-0.162

***

0.850

1.176

 

(0.023)

 







Notes: *** indicates p<.001, ** indicates p<.01, and * indicates p<.05, two-tailed tests.


Table 3. Effects of Selected Characteristics on the Likelihood of a Second Child (vs. remaining singleton)

 

Coefficient




Risk Ratio

Risk Ratio

 

(St. Err.)




2nd Child

Singleton

Family Structure













Married

0.384

***

1.469

0.681

 

(0.059)










Cohabiting

0.110










 

(0.110)










Reproductive History













Duration (from age at 1st birth)

-0.033

***

0.968

1.034

 

(0.005)










Black*Duration (from age at 1st child)

-0.045

***

0.956

1.046

 

(0.010)










Previous Abortion

-0.250

***

0.778

1.285

 

(0.044)










Previous Miscarriage

-0.188

***

0.828

1.207

 

(0.030)










Infecundity Issues

-0.099

**

0.906

1.104

 

(0.046)










Sterilized

-1.021

***

0.360

2.775

 

(0.069)










Human Capital













High School Graduate

-0.128

**

0.880

1.136

 

(0.057)










Some College

-0.067










 

(0.064)










College Graduate

0.017










 

(0.070)










Part-time Employment

0.083










 

(0.057)










Full-time Employment

-0.160

***

0.852

1.174

 

(0.046)










Socioeconomic Characteristics













 













Mother College Graduate

0.083










 

(0.051)










Mother Full-time Worker

-0.050










 

(0.041)










Below 150% poverty

0.240

***

1.271

0.787

 

(0.051)










Church Attendance

0.047










 

(0.041)










Demographic Characteristics













Black

0.746

***

2.109

0.474

 

(0.217)










Latina

-0.068










 

(0.069)










Immigrant

0.111

*

1.117

0.895

 

(0.065)










NSFG Cycle

-0.130

***

0.878

1.139

 

(0.027)










Notes: *** indicates p<.001, ** indicates p<.01, and * indicates p<.05, two-tailed tests.

Table 4. Effect of Marriage and Cohabitation on the Percent Change in the Likelihood of Remaining Childless (vs. becoming a mother) and in the Likelihood of Remaining a Singleton Mother (vs. having a 2nd Child), by Race





White

Black



Race Difference Significant?

Likelihood of Remaining Childless











Marriage

-52%

NS

Yes

Cohabiting

NS

NS

No

Likelihood of Remaining a Singleton Mother











Marriage

-39%

-23%

Yes

Cohabiting

NS


-27%


Yes

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