Computational Modeling of Complex Socio-Technical Systems



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Week 7: Games


M 2/27
W 2/29

Il-Chul Moon, Kathleen M. Carley, Mike Schneider, and Oleg Shigiltchoff (2005), Detailed Analysis of Team Movement and Communication Affecting Team Performance in the America s Army Game, Technical report, CMU-ISRI-05-129.







Zyda, Michael (2004). AMERICA’S ARMY PC Game Vision and Realization. San Francisco, January 2004 http://gamepipe.usc.edu/~zyda/pubs/YerbaBuenaAABooklet2004.pdf







Ducheneaut, N. and Moore, R.J. (2004). "The social side of gaming: a study of interaction patterns in a massively multiplayer online game." In

conference proceedings on computer-supported cooperative work (CSCW 2004) (pp. 360-369). November 6-10, 2004, Chicago, IL.

http://www.parc.com/research/publications/details.php?id=5223








Ducheneaut, N., Yee, N., Nickell, E., and Moore, R.J. (2007). "The life and

death of online gaming communities: A look at guilds in World of Warcraft." In conference proceedings on human factors in computing systems (CHI 2007) (pp. 839-848). April 28-May 3, San Jose, CA. Paper

http://www2.parc.com/csl/members/nicolas/documents/CHI2007-Guilds.pdf








Ducheneaut, N., Yee, N., Nickell, E., and Moore, R.J. (2006). "Alone

Together? Exploring the Social Dynamics of Massively Multiplayer Games." In conference proceedings on human factors in computing systems (CHI 2006) (pp.407-416). April 22-27, Montreal, Canada.

http://www.parc.com/research/publications/details.php?id=5599








Kollock, Peter, and Marc Smith. 1996. "Managing the Virtual Commons:

Cooperation and Conflict in Computer Communities." Pp. 109-128 in

Computer-Mediated Communication: Linguistic, Social, and Cross-Cultural Perspectives, edited by Susan Herring. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/soc/faculty/kollock/papers/vcommons.htm








Nardi, B. and Harris, J. 2006, Strangers and friends: Collaborative play in

World of Warcraft, In Proceedings of the Conference on Computer-supported Cooperative Work, pp.149-158



Paper URL: http://darrouzet-nardi.net/bonnie/pdf/fp199-Nardi.pdf




R 3/1

Lab




Week 8: Optimization and Search Procedures


M 3/5

Due – 1 page description of proposed final project







Simulated Annealing




W 3/7

Kathleen M. Carley & David M. Svoboda, 1996, “Modeling Organizational Adaptation as a Simulated Annealing Process.” Sociological Methods and Research, 25(1): 138-168.

Required




Kirkpatrick, S., C.D. Gelatt and M.P. Vecchi. 1983. “Optimization by Simulated Annealing.” Science 220(4598): 671-680.

Required




Holland, John H. 1992. Genetic Algorithms, Scientific American 267 (July): 66-72.

Required




Chattoe, Edmund (1998). Just How (Un)realistic are Evolutionary Algorithms as Representations of Social Processes? Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation 1:3 (1998).

Required




Narzisi G., Mysore V. and Mishra B. Multi-Objective Evolutionary Optimization of Agent Based Models: an application to emergency response planning. The IASTED International Conference on Computational Intelligence (CI 2006), Proceedings by ACTA Press, pp. 224-230, November 20-22, 2006 San Francisco, California, USA

Required




OrgAhead - Kathleen Carley, OrgAhead overview slides.

Required




N. Metropolis, A.W. Rosenbluth, M.N. Rosenbluth, A.H. Teller, and E. Teller. "Equations of State Calculations by Fast Computing Machines". Journal of Chemical Physics, 21(6):1087-1092, 1953.

Background




A. Das and B. K. Chakrabarti (Eds.), Quantum Annealing and Related Optimization Methods. Lecture Note in Physics, Vol. 679, Springer, Heidelberg (2005)

Background




E. Weinberger, Correlated and Uncorrelated Fitness Landscapes and How to Tell the Difference, Biological Cybernetics, 63, No. 5, 325-336 (1990).

Background




V. Cerny, A thermodynamical approach to the traveling salesman problem: an efficient simulation algorithm. Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications, 45:41-51, 1985

Background




Axelrod, 1987, "The evolution of strategies in the Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma." Pp. 32-41 in Lawrence Davis (ed) Genetic Algorithms and simulated annealing. London: Pitman; Los Altos CA. Morgan Kaufmann.

Background




Holland, John H. 1975. Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press. Ch. 2-3.

Background




A Network Optimization Approach for Improving Organizational Design, CASOS Technical Report, Kathleen M. Carley and Natalia Y. Kamneva, January 2004, CMU-CS-04-102.

Background




Crowston K. (1994). Evolving Novel Organizational Forms, In Carley K. and Prietula M. (Eds.) Computational Organization Theory, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ.

Background




Computational Organization Theory – chapter 3

Background




Carley K., 1992, Organizational Learning and Personnel Turnover. Organization Science, 3(1), 20-46.

Background




Genetic crossover Images http://www.obitko.com/tutorials/genetic-algorithms/

Background




Genetic algorithms - http://www.solver.com/gabasics.htm

Background




Simulated annealing -http://wombat.doc.ic.ac.uk/foldoc/foldoc.cgi?Adaptive+Simulated+Annealing

Background




Simulated annealing - http://www.cs.sandia.gov/opt/survey/sa.html

Background










R 3/8

Lab



Spring Break


M 3/12

No Class




W 3/14

No Class




R 3/15

No Lab






Week 9: Student Presentations


M 3/19

Presentations




W 3/21

Presentations




R 3/22

Lab






Week 10: Linking Relational Analysis to and Modeling Action


M 3/26
W 3/28

TBA













R 3/29

Lab





Week 11: Learning & Adaptation (Learning and Information Diffusion) - Tentative


M 4/2

W 4/4


Vriend, Nicolaas (2000), “An Illustration of the Essential Difference Between Individual and Social Learning, and its Consequence for Computational Analyses,” /Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control/, Vol. 24, pp. 1-19.

Required




BD – ch 15 (Modeling Human Behavior: Bounded Rationality or Rational Expectations?)

Required




SSS – ch 10 (Learning and Evolutionary Models)

Required




Carley & Svoboda, 1996. Kathleen M. Carley & David M. Svoboda, 1996, Modeling Organizational Adaptation as a Simulated Annealing Process. Sociological Methods and Research, 25(1): 138-168

Required




Smart, Bill. Reinforcement Learning: A User's Guide.

Required




Harrison, J.R. and G.R. Carroll. 1991. Keeping the Faith: A Model of Cultural Transmission in Formal Organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly, 36, 552-582.

Background




Axelrod 1997 The dissemination of culture: A model with Local Convergence and Global Polarization. Journal of Conflict Resolution. 41: 203-226.

Background




Michael W. Macy, James A. Kitts and Andreas Flache, Culture Wars and Dynamic Networks: A Hopfield Model of Emergent Structure.

Background




Kathleen M. Carley, Ju-Sung Lee and David Krackhardt, 2001, Destabilizing Networks, Connections 24(3):31-34.

Background




Glance, N.S. and Huberman B.A., 1994, "The Dynamics of Social Dilemmas" Scientific American March: 76-81.

Background




Levinthal, D. and J.G. March (1981), “A Model of Adaptive Organizational Search,” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 2: 307-333.

Background




Kathleen M. Carley & Ju-Sung Lee, 1998, Dynamic Organizations: Organizational Adaptation in a Changing Environment.Ch. 15 (pp. 269-297) in Joel Baum (Ed.) Advances in Strategic Management, Vol. 15, Disciplinary Roots of Strategic Management Research. JAI Press. Pp. 269-297.

Background




Lant, T.L. and S.J. Mezias, 1992, “An Organizational Learning Model of Convergence and Reorientation,” Organization Science, 3(1): 47-71.

Background




Glance, N.S. and Huberman B.A., 1994, Social Dilemmas and Fluid Organizations, In Carley K. and Prietula M. (Eds.) Computational Organization Theory, Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Background




Kathleen M. Carley and Vanessa Hill, 2001, “Structural Change and Learning Within Organizations”. In Dynamics of Organizations: Computational Modeling and Organizational Theories. Edited by Alessandro Lomi and Erik R. Larsen, MIT Press/AAAI Press/Live Oak, Ch. 2. pp 63-92.

Background




Lant, T., 1994, Computer Simulations of Organizations as Experiential Learning Systems: Implications for Organizational Theory. CH. 9 in Computational Organization Theory

Background




Kollman, K. Miller, J., Page, S, 1992, "Adaptive Parties in Spatial Elections" American Political Science Review, 86(4): 929-937.

Background




Padgett, John F., 1997, “The Emergence of Simple Ecologies of Skill: A Hypercycle Approach to Economic Organization.” In The Economy as a Complex Evolving System, edited by B. Arthur, S. Durlauf and D. Lane. Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity.

Background




Machine Learning, Tom Mitchell, McGraw Hill, 1997.

Background




Machine learning - http://www.ics.uci.edu/~mlearn/MLRepository.html

Background




Artificial intelligence - http://www-2.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs.cmu.edu/project/ai-repository/ai/0.html

Background










R 4/5

Lab






Week 12: Alternative Modeling ParadigmsDiscrete Event Simulation


M 4/9

Discrete Event, Bayesian, Markov

TBA

W 4/11

Law, A. (2007). Simulation Modeling & Analysis, 4th Ed. McGraw Hill, pp 6-70.

Required




Arnold H. Buss, Kirk A. Stork (1996) Discrete Event Simulation On The World Wide Web Using Java. Proceedings of the 1996 Winter Simulation Conference. pp 780-785

Background




J. B. Jun, S. H. Jacobson, J. R. Swisher (1999) Application of Discrete-Event Simulation in Health Care Clinics: A Survey. The Journal of the Operational Research Society, Vol. 50, No. 2, (Feb., 1999), pp. 109- 123.

Background




MS Fayez, A Kaylani, D Cope, N Rychlik and M Mollaghasemi. (2008)

Managing airport operations using simulation. Journal of Simulation (2008) 2, 41-52



Background




Thomas J. Schriber, Daniel T. Brunner (2005) Inside Discrete-Event Simulation Software: How It Works And Why It Matters. Proceedings of the 2005 Winter Simulation Conference. pp 167-177

Required




Bayesian - TBA

Required




Markov - TBA

Required










R 4/12

Lab






Week 13: Special Topics - TBA


M 4/16







W 4/18







R 4/19

Lab





Week 14: Student Final Projects Presentations


M 4/23

Student Presentations




W 4/25

Student Presentations (as necessary)




R 4/26

Lab






Week 15: Special Topics - TBA


M 4/28







W 4/30

Future Directions




R 5/1

Lab







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