Competency: Recognize the National Anthem and Understand Its Importance as a National Symbol



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Competency: Recognize the National Anthem and Understand Its Importance as a National Symbol


Lesson Overview: The purpose of this lesson is to teach students to recognize the song “The Star-Spangled Banner” as the United States’ national anthem and to understand the important of the song as a national symbol.
Note: this lesson is not intended to teach students the meaning of the lyrics of the song or to understand the history of the song although it is perfectly acceptable to explain this if the skill levels of the students warrant. The students will learn the words to the song, the meaning of the lyrics, and the history in intermediate and advanced lessons. Additionally, the song is not included in quotes since this is a lesson for beginners and may confuse them.
This lesson plan includes:


  1. Handout: The Star-Spangled Banner Vocabulary

  2. CD-Rom or floppy disk file entitled: The Star-Spangled Banner PowerPoint Presentation

  3. Exercise: The Star-Spangled Banner Vocabulary Matching

  4. Handout: The Star-Spangled Banner Story

  5. Handout: The Star-Spangled Banner Quiz

  6. Handout: The Star-Spangled Banner with pictures

  7. Star-Spangled Banner Vocabulary Flashcards



Approximate Time: 2 hours



Prerequisite Skills: Students must be able to read and write basic sentences.
Prerequisite Vocabulary:


star

patriotic

stand

over

wearing

song

country

right hand

heart

hat

flag






Vocabulary:
banner

face


Francis Scott Key

national anthem

official

star-spangled




Materials Needed: An American flag (optional), tape or CD of “The Star-Spangled Banner”, CD-ROM with “The Star-Spangled Banner” PowerPoint Presentation OR floppy disk with “The Star-Spangled Banner” PowerPoint Presentation (This presentation includes sound clips for each side where you see a sound icon. Click on the icon to hear the sound. If you have technical difficulties, please contact Melinda Hefner at mhefner@caldwell.cc.nc.us).


Equipment Needed: A PC computer with sound, CD-ROM drive, floppy drive, and Real Player, Windows Media Player, or some other software that allows wav, midi, and/or mp3 files to be played; a projection unit such as InFocus

Activities:




  1. Have the new vocabulary words written on the board when the students arrive for class.




  1. Explain the purpose of the lesson. Be sure to tell the students that they will learn more about “The Star-Spangled Banner in intermediate and advanced classes.




  1. Introduce new vocabulary words.




    1. Pronounce the new vocabulary words one at a time and have the students repeat the word in unison.




    1. Pronounce the new vocabulary words one at a time and ask individual students to repeat the word. Repeat until the students can pronounce the words well.




  1. Give the students Handout: The Star-Spangled Banner Vocabulary. Go over the meanings of the new vocabulary words. You can use a variety of methods to do this such as:




    1. Use the CD-Rom or floppy disk file entitled: The Star-Spangled Banner PowerPoint Presentation. (This presentation includes sound clips for each side where you see a sound icon. Click on the icon to hear the sound. If you have technical difficulties, please contact Melinda Hefner at mhefner@caldwell.cc.nc.us). This can be shown to the entire class using a projection unit or can be shown to individual students on a single computer. The presentation sounds out each new vocabulary word as well as each word’s meaning.




    1. Read the definitions to the class and having the students repeat them in unison and/or individually.




    1. Pair the students up and have one student read the new vocabulary word and then have the other student in the pair read the definition. Reverse roles after all vocabulary words have been covered.




  1. Give students Handout: The Star-Spangled Banner Story.




    1. Before reading the story, ask students to look over the story and highlight or underline any new vocabulary word. This will help with word recognition.




    1. Read the story to the students and ask them to follow along.




    1. After reading the story, assure that students understand its meaning. You can use a variety of methods such as:




      1. Using the CD-Rom or floppy disk file entitled: The Star-Spangled Banner PowerPoint Presentation. This can be shown to the entire class using a projection unit or can be shown to individual students on a single computer. The presentation sounds out each new vocabulary word as well as each word’s meaning.




      1. Demonstrating the meanings of key terms and phrases and then having students “act out” the key terms and phrases.




      1. Playing a tape or CD or “The Star-Spangled Banner”.




    1. Have the students read the story in unison along with the instructor.




    1. Pair students and have them read the story by reading alternating paragraphs. Repeat as necessary.




    1. Read the sentences one at a time and ask the students to write the sentence on a piece of paper. (They can refer to their notes if necessary. You may have to break down some of the sentences as the skill levels of your students dictate.)




    1. Have group discussion of the story as appropriate for skill levels of the students.



  1. Give students Exercise: The Star-Spangled Banner Vocabulary Matching. Review the exercise when the students finish it.




  1. Demonstrate the appropriate behavior when “The Star-Spangled Banner” is played. Have the students practice this behavior by responding to various commands such as:




    1. Please stand.




    1. Please put your right hand over your heart.




    1. Please face the flag.




    1. Please remove your hat.



  1. Give students Handout: The Star-Spangled Banner Quiz. Review the quiz after students have completed it. You may want students to take turns reading the questions and answers.




  1. Wrap up the lesson by playing a tape or CD of “The Star-Spangled Banner” and asking students to demonstrate appropriate behavior such as standing, facing the flag, etc.



Assessment/Evaluation of Learning:


  1. Instructor observation of students’ participation.




  1. Exercise: The Star-Spangled Banner Vocabulary Matching




  1. Handout: The Star-Spangled Banner Quiz




Optional/Follow-up Activities:


  1. Use Star-Spangled Banner Vocabulary Flashcards for further vocabulary development or have students make up their own flashcards.




  1. To see a good painting of Francis Scott Key looking out over Fort McHenry from the ship in the harbor, go to http://www.americaslibrary.gov/pages/jb_1790-1828_subj_e.html Point out the “Star-Spangled banner” in the painting.




  1. Give students the Handout: The Star-Spangled Banner with pictures. This may be helpful for students who have difficulty reading the story without pictures or for those who are having difficulty with vocabulary.






2001-2002 ESL Special Project

Caldwell Community College and Technical Institute Page

Basic Skills Department

Competency: Recognize and Understand the Importance of the National Anthem



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