Comparisons these are in two categories: Comparative and Superlative. When comparisons use adjectives and adverbs, the forms of the adjectives and adverbs are either regular or irregular. Regular



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COMPARISONS
These are in two categories: Comparative and Superlative.
When comparisons use adjectives and adverbs, the forms of the adjectives and adverbs are either regular or irregular.
Regular adjectives and adverbs show comparisons in two ways.
Add an –er ending or the more or less to form the comparative, used for comparing two things. They add either an –est ending or the word most or least to form the superlative, use for comparing three or more things.
POSTIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
green greener greenest (one-syllable adj. & adv.)
happy happier happiest (two-syllable adverbs)
selfish less selfish least selfish
beautiful more beautiful most beautiful
Use –er or –est endings or more and most for two-syllable adjectives. The only way to know which forms are correct is to check the dictionary. The forms vary greatly.
Use more and most for adverbs with two or more syllables: for example, easily, more easily, most easily.
Use more and most for adverbs and adjectives of three or more syllables: protective, more protective, most protective.
Alert: Never use more or most together with –er and –est ending. For example, more louder and most happiest are incorrect forms.

Similar to the word good, irregular adjective and verb comparative and superlative forms bear little resemblance to the original word.



POSTIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
bad worse worst
badly worse worst
many more most
much more most
some more most
little less least
Alert: Do not use less and fewer interchangeably. Use less when referring to NONCOUNT NOUNS and fewer when referring to numbers and COUNT NOUNS. They consumed fewer calories by using less sugar.

Fill in the Blank: Comparative and Superlative





  1. English comes _______________ to some as compared to others. (easy)




  1. Krys was the ______________ girl in the world when she got her puppy. (happy)




  1. Schindler’s List was the _____________ movie I have ever seen. (sad)




  1. Greece is the _________________ country I have ever visited. (beautiful)




  1. Children behave ______________ at school than they do in public. (bad)




  1. This year _________________ students dropped out than last year. (few)




  1. _______________ of my time at work is spent doing paperwork. (much)




  1. Experiencing failure is the _________________ feeling I have ever had. (bad)




  1. Connie is the ______________ person I know. (selfish)

10. Kids nowadays are ______________ fooled than kids from earlier decades. (easy)



Answer Key: Comparative and Superlative
1. more easily
2. happiest
3. saddest
4. most beautiful
5. worse
6. fewer
7. Much
8. worst
9. least selfish
10. more easily


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