Comparing the constitutions of ohio and the united states



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COMPARING THE CONSTITUTIONS OF OHIO AND THE UNITED STATES


Instructions: How do the constitutions of the State of Ohio and the United States of America compare? This chart will help you find out. Use reference materials to find the appropriate information. Place it in the spaces provided. Then compare and contrast your entries to identify similarities and differences.



Areas of Comparison


Constitution of the State of Ohio (1802)

Constitution of the State of Ohio (1851)

Constitution of the United States

Number and Names of Constitutions


1

1802

1

1851

2 Articles of Confederation

Constitution

Date Constitution Adopted



February, 1803


March, 1851


June 21, 1788

Number of Articles



8

18

7


Number of Words



Approximately

6,265

Approximately 27,000

(Today there are nearly 54,000)



Approximately

7,500

Type of Legislature




Bicameral


Bicameral


Bicameral

Type of Legislators



House of Rep(1 yr term)
Senate(2 yr term)

House of Rep(2 yr term/max 4) Senate(4 yr term/max 2)

House of Rep(2 yr term)
Senate (6 yr term)

Name and Term of Head of the Executive Branch

Governor (2 yr term, no more than 6 of every 8 years)

Governor (4 yr, max 2 terms)

President (4 yr, max of 2 terms or 10 years)

Name, Size, and Terms of the Court of Last Resort

Supreme Court 3

Appointed by legislature which can add/delete members



Supreme Court 7

6 yr term, no limit, but cannot run if over the age of 70



Supreme Court 9

Term is for life, as long as they are in good standing



Inclusion of a Bill of Rights



Yes


Yes, it begins with it


Yes, it was added after it was ratified

Process for Amending



2/3 leg. to recommend or call convention. People must approve

3 methods: Initiative, General Assembly and, Const. Convention

2 methods:

Legislature

Const. Convention

Times Amended




0


More than 150 times


27

Power of Initiative and

Referendum





No


Yes, added in 1912


No





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