Comparing Revolutions: The French Revolution and the American Revolution



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Comparing Revolutions: The French Revolution and the American Revolution





France

U.S.

Political Changes

-Overthrew the king; put him on trial; cut off his head;

-Abolished feudalism and the nobility;

-Established a republic;

-Women, blacks, Jews got full political participation

-All citizens could vote

-Women sat in the National Assembly (about 2 years);

-Declaration of the Rights of Man & Citizen;


-Gained independence from British king;

-Established a republic with a

-written constitution (first!).

-Extended vote to adult men with property, but not to other groups.

-Extended vote to single women with property in New Jersey and also to free black men with property in some states


Economic Changes

-Nationalized property owned by church;

-Abolished “unfair” system of local taxes (salt tax);

-Regulated of the unions (can’t organize unions because it separates man from man);

-Price controls (regulate bread)



-Cut mercantilist ties to England,

-claiming a right to free trade with all comers;

-Ultimately opened door to expansion of trade, western expansion, capitalism, and industry.


Social Changes

-Ended slavery in the empire;

-Rights to women, blacks, & Jews.

-Ended nobility

-Disestablished church (separation of church & state)

-Established militia


-Ended slavery in some states;

-Increased education for women

-Permanent disestablishment of the church;

-Native Americans not included as either citizens or allies.




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