Coming to America: The Immigrant Experience



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Coming to America: The Immigrant Experience

Former President Franklin D. Roosevelt once said, “Remember always that all of us are descended from immigrants and revolutionists.” In our study of the Industrial Revolution, it is important to understand both the experiences of immigrants and the role they played in developing modern America.

Your job over the next couple of days is to explore the immigrant experience using the resources available to you online and in your textbook. Follow the steps below to complete your assignment.

* This assignment is located on Ms. Holmes’ Web Backpack  Documents  Unit 5: Industrialization and Immigration  Immigrant Experience Web Quest. Using the digital copy allows you to click on the links.



Step 1: Read “Immigration in the Early 1900’s”

Go to the following website, read the article and answer the questions below using your own words and complete sentences.



  • Eyewitness to History: “Immigration in the Early 1900s” http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/snpim1.htm



  1. Why did immigration rates decrease after 1914?



  1. What sorts of labor did the following groups typically do?

    1. Hungarians, Poles, Italians -

    2. Greeks -

    3. Russian and Polish Jews -



  1. How did railroad companies lure immigrants to America?



  1. Summarize an immigrant’s experience entering America through Ellis Island in 3-4 complete sentences.



  1. Why was life in America often difficult for immigrants?

Step 2: Read “Immigrating to America, 1905”

Go to the following website, read the article and answer the questions below using your own words and complete sentences.



  • Eyewitness to History: “Immigrating to America, 1905” http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/pfimmigrating.htm



  1. Why did the majority of immigrants come from southern and eastern Europe at the beginning of the 20th century?



  1. Why did Sadie Frowne and her mother immigrant to America?



  1. Describe the conditions of the ship, as told by Sadie.



  1. Once Sadie got a job as a seamstress…

    1. How much money did she make each week?



    1. What is that the equivalent to today, if calculated for the month?



    1. How much money did Sadie have left after she paid for food and board?



  1. Summarize what life was like working in a sweatshop. Use 3-4 complete sentences.

Step 3: Interactive Tour of Ellis Island

Go to the following website and complete the interactive tour of Ellis Island. As you tour, answer the questions below using your own words and complete sentences. Be sure to look at the photos in each section.



  • Scholastic: Interactive Tour of Ellis Island http://teacher.scholastic.com/activities/immigration/tour/



  1. How long did the trip to America typically last?



    1. How were passengers separated on the ships?



  1. What was one of the first things immigrants saw as they arrived in New York Harbor?



  1. What did health inspectors do upon boarding the ships?



    1. Approximately what percentage of a ship’s passengers went on to Ellis Island?



  1. What did doctors look for as immigrants entered the Registry Room?



  1. From 1903-1914, what disease did doctors look for and how did they find it?



  1. Explain, in your own words, what a “six-second physical” was.



  1. What happened to immigrants who were considered a danger to public health?



  1. Look through the photos for the 6th Stop (Medical Inspection). Choose three letters and explain what they meant if you had them written on you in chalk.







  2. How many questions were immigrants asked before exiting the ship?



    1. Give two (2) examples of questions immigrants were asked.





  1. What happened if you were detained on Ellis Island?



  1. What did immigrants find at the bottom of the Stairs of Separation?



  1. When did passports and visas begin to be required for entry to the United States?



  1. Explain why an area on the first floor of Ellis Island got the nickname “the kissing post.”

Step 4: Immigration Data Analysis

On the same website, look at the Immigration Data tab and answer the questions below using your own words and complete sentences.



  • Scholastic: Immigration Data http://teacher.scholastic.com/activities/immigration/immigration_data/



  1. List the top four (4) decades, in order, in which the United States saw the most immigrants enter the country. Also, write how many immigrants we saw in each of those decades.

Order

Decade

Number of Immigrants

1







2







3







4









  1. Look at the immigration data by region. Then, list the regions, in order, from which the most immigrants have come between 1820 and 2010.

Order

Region

Number of Immigrants

1







2







3







4









  1. Look at the immigration data by 50-year periods/region. How have immigration trends changed from the Industrial Revolution (1870-1919) to present (1970-2010)? Look at where a majority of immigrations came from during these time periods.



  1. In the 1930s, immigration declined. Why? What was going on in the United States at this time? You may need to research using your textbook or the internet to find the answer!



  1. Look at the data. Using your math skills, figure out which three countries had the highest number of immigrants between 1820 and 2010.










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