Colonial Settlement & Society



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59. The New England colonies were regarded by the British as the least desirable of Great Britain's settlements in North America when compared to the southern plantation colonies for which of the following reasons?

(A) volatile and rebellious, the New England colonists were always considered a threat to the stability of the Crown and Parliament

(B) New England colonists profited from manufacturing and selling war materials to the French and Spanish, even in times of war

(C) located on the distant frontier of the empire, New England was isolated and in infrequent contact with the mother country

(D) New England shippers competed with the mother country while the New England settlements produced little of value

(E) located near New France (Canada), the defense of New England was an expensive and resented drain on the royal treasury


60. "Forasmuch as it hath pleased the Almighty God by the wise disposition of his divyne providence so to Order and dispose of things that we the Inhabitants and Residents of Windsor, Harteford and Wethersfield are now cohabiting and dwelling in and uppon the River of Conectecotte and the Lands thereunto and joyneing; And well knowing where a people are gathered together the word of God requires that to may atayne the peace and union of such a people there should be an orderly and decent Government established according to God, to order and dispose of the affayres of the people at all seasons as occation shall require; doe therefore assotiate and conjoyne our selves to be as one Publike State or Commonwelth...." (Fundamental Orders Of Connecticut, 1639)

Contrasting this document against the Mayflower Compact, all of the following statements are true EXCEPT? (A) both documents provided for the election of public officials by whatever groups was defined as the electorate - the voting population of the colony (B) either document presented a fundamentally Puritan point of view of the role of government in a citizen's life (C) neither document extended the right to vote to anyone other than an adult, male member of the Puritan church (D) whereas the Mayflower Compact was an agreement to submit to the majority will, the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut was an actual constitution (E) in both colonies the town meeting became the centerpiece of expression of the will of the citizens of the town

61. Which of the following individuals was principally responsible for the introduction of tobacco as a cash crop for Virginia colony, what King Charles called that "filthy weed"?

(A) John Rolfe

(B) John Smith

(C) William Bradford

(D) Edmund Andros

(E) William Berkeley


63. The trial of John Peter Zenger helped eventually lay the foundations for the principle of:

(A) citizens' right to petition for a redress of grievances

(B) right to trial by jury of one's peers

(C) right to assemble

(D) freedom of religious worship

(E) freedom of the press


64. The Dominion of New England (1685) is best described as:

(A) attempt by Britain to seize more control over New England colonies

(B) defensive pact by New England colonies to meet the French and Indian threat

(C) unified defiance of British mercantile laws by New England colonies

(D) intended as a direct British threat to French control of North America

(E) assembled congregation of "New Light" ministers seeking to enforce religious conformity


65. The system of indentured labor used during the colonial period had which of the following effects?

(A) promoted social equality within the North American colonies

(B) allowed easy means for England to deport criminals

(C) made it economical to cultivate cotton in the British North American colonies

(D) delayed establishment of slavery in South until after 1750

(E) enabled poor to seek opportunities in the Americas


67. The "Great Awakening" refers to:

(A) growth of technology/industrialization in the early years of the Republic

(B) increasing European awareness and desire to colonize in North America

(C) beginnings of the colonial independence movement in the early 1770s

(D) impact of Enlightenment ideas upon colonial thought in the Revolutionary era

(E) wave of religious revival sweeping the colonies in the 1740s


74. Each of the following statements or descriptions are accurate concerning the colony of Virginia EXCEPT?

(A) Virginia possessed the first colonial parliament, called the General Assembly of Virginia (1619) and later known as the House of Burgesses

(B) the first African Americans brought to North American were landed by a Dutch ship in Virginia in 1619, though their status as indentured servants or slaves is unclear

(C) tobacco very quickly became the dominate and most profitable crop of the Virginia colony

(D) most white colonists arrived as free settlers capable of purchasing small farms and

becoming economically independent yeomen

(E) "headrights," popular in Virginia, tended to create a class of wealth

planter/merchants who dominated colonial society.


75. The Jamestown colony survived primarily because: (A) it became a refuge for those seeking religious freedom (B) tobacco proved to be a profitable crop (C) it was important to the Crown as a buffer colony against the Spanish threat in Florida (D) a strategic geographic location and good harbors made it an ideal supply base for English ships (E) land was inexpensive and easily obtained by colonists.
76. Which of the following would be the most important defining characteristic of an "established church" of the colonial era? (A) generally represented the religious faith of the majority of the population (B) copied from the systems used by European governments (C) received tax support from the state (D) persecution of competing religious organizations was common (E) usually a Christian demonination, frequently Protestant.
79. George Whitefield was most closely associated with which of the following colonial events? (A) trial of John Peter Zenger (B) Bacon's Rebellion (C) Boston Tea Party (D) Great Awakening (E) Shay's Rebellion.


  1. The French and Indian War was a pivotal point in America's relationship to Great Britain because it led Great Britain to (A) encourage colonial manufactures (B) impose revenue taxes on the colonies (C) restrict emigration from England (D) ignore the colonies (E) grant increased colonial self-government.

1. Which of the following was a key mistake of Columbus? (A) He thought one could reach the Orient by sailing west (B) He thought the world was much smaller than it really is. (C) He approached the wrong monarchs for support. (D) He spent too much time trying to build self-sustaining colonies in the New World. (E) He used dead reckoning as a form of navigation


3. As a result of the transatlantic exchange of diseases, plants, and mammals, (A) syphilis was introduced to the New World; (B) the diets of New World and Old World people were enriched; (C) European farmers became more efficient by using large domesticated mammals brought back to the Continent by explorers; (D) the New World received a more advanced calendar. (E) the Old World received the concept of the wheel
4. Puritans did not want (A) a church composed automatically of all members of society; (B) a church free from unfriendly and intrusive governmental interference; (C) to abolish the Popish hierarchy and rituals of the Church of England; (D) to have an educated clergy. (E) to be safe from Indian attacks
6. What was the purpose of the Halfway Covenant? (A) To destroy the power of the Puritan Church. (B) To maintain the power of the Puritans in a time of declining membership. (C) To assist the rising Congregational Church (D) To burn witches. (E) All of the above


  1. Who founded Rhode Island? (A) Roger Williams. (B) Anne Hutchinson. (C) John Winthrop (D) Pocahantas (E) John Smith

8. Anne Hutchinson was expelled from Massachusetts Bay Colony because (A) she did not believe in the covenant of grace (B) she believed in preaching to the Indians


(C) she was a Quaker (D) she criticized a Puritan leader, taught men in her home, and generally disregarded the subservient role women were to take (E) she was a witch
9. The main purpose of the founding of the Jamestown colony at Virginia was (A) religious conversion of Indians (B) religious freedom for Separatists (C) trade and profit possibilities (D) English base to attack Spanish (E) Quaker colony
10. One of the reasons the Pilgrims (Separatists) left Holland after a short period was (A) they were being persecuted by the Dutch (B) they wanted to remain English and feared intermarriage with the Dutch (C) the Bible was only available in Dutch (D) they were welcomed back to England by King James (E) they sought reconciliation with the Church of


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