|COLONIAL PERIOD & THE REVOLUTIONARY PERIOD
Virginia Counties of particular interest in the family history of Edward Wills include: Amherst Co (1761) and Albermarle (1744) while Brunswick Co formed 1720 from Isle of Wight and Prince George; Brunswick gave land to Amelia 1734, Greensville, and Lunenberg (1746). Lunenberg gave land to Bedford (1753), Charlotte (1764) and Halifax (1752) and Mecklenburg (1764). Halifax gave lands to Pittsylvania (1766).
17th and 19th century Virginia, white males considered “titheable”—a person who paid or for whom someone else paid one of the taxes imposed by General Assembly for support of civil government. Lists of titheables for Virginia for years 1772-1776 needed to be checked for John Murphy, wife Anne, and his children, along with Edward Wills.
Colonial tax acts imposed taxes on every 100 acres. By 1785 rates were adjusted to reflect the quality as well as the quantity of the acreage. Rates were also adjusted to reflect the proximity of the land to navigable waterways, swamps, or the sea. Other adjustments were made for town lots, buildings, and other improvements; imported merchandise and exported deer and beaver skins; slaves, and free persons of color; white males over 21 (poll tax); professionals except ministers, politicians, and state employees; money lent at interest; and wheeled vehicles. With the Tax Act of 1786, a tax was imposed on merchants. In 1790, poll taxes for the indigent and infirmed were lifted. The Act of 1792 excluded from taxation slaves over age 60, and in 1795 the tax on free persons of color was lifted for freedmen under age 21 and over 60. Taxes on gambling devices appeared in 1800. The Act of 1802 based land taxes on millage rates for the first time. Tax digests show age of a person when first appearing on poll tax; the lack of names on tax digests indicates lack of land and slaves and the little need for an estate to be probated. Tax districts of county militia can be used as a means of identifying areas within a county. Various tax returns are listed, and “tax defaulters are listed” Tax receivers were assigned by tax districts—but 1792 it was decided to change the number of tax receivers to one per county. The condition of many of the tax records is poor, because of the way in which they were stored, the ink used, and the paper type used—papers are not totally legible, discoloration of the paper. Persons listed in the records were not numbered sequentially; appropriate order of pages was lost.
Described as that period of time of American history from 1607 to 1776, ie beginnings of the revolutionary period as more and more immigrants came to America, the Golden Age of Virginia shows increase size of plantations, increased production—and the smaller farmers were squeezed out , and many began migrating southward. By the end of the Revolutionary War, bounty land was granted to men who had served in the military and migration routes were established. Scotch-Irish (Presbyterians) moved from Pennsylvania through the Shenendoah Valley through the Blue Ridge Mountains into the valley while non-episcopalian dissenters against the Church of England arrived in America. 1751-58 French-Indian War over Ohio lands occurred—the English claimed French were on lands claimed by England, and Robert Dinwiddie (chief administrative officer of Va) made George Washington commander of troops to drive French out of Pittsborough at the fork of Ohio River. The Treaty of Paris 1763 granted Canada to Great Britain. 1765—Great Britain issued “ stamp act” on all legal documents, newspapers. Dec. 1773 Boston Tea Party—shipment of tea into Boston Harbor resulted in blockade in the Boston Harbor.. 1776 Townshen Act placed duty on tea, paper, glass, paint imported into the colonies, and opposition by the colonists stirred up anger against the British.
Call for the Continental Congress of all the colonies issued 9/15/1774 with delegates meeting to adopt Declaration of Rights; then 3/23/1775 the Virginia Convention met to prepare for retaliation against England. 4/1775 the Battle of Lexington-Concord, George Washington appointed commander of the Continental Army. 14 June/ July 1775 the 2nd Continental Congress , meetin and voted to raise an army, authorized troops to be raised, the militia training – and the number of troops be increased to 4000. Poorly trained militia men, few military expects,no artillery, no naval forces, lack of funds marked Washington's forces. June-July 1775 the Battle of Bunker Hill (Breeds Hill) occurred; Gov. Dinsmore left Va. and went to join the Loyalists on a warship on the York River and thereafter British troops near Norfolk where his army was defeated by the 2d Va. Rgt but not before Norfolk was burned. Dinsmore then fled to England 7/1776.
5/6/1776 Virginia Constitutional Convention signed “ Declaration of Independence”. The British under King George II under command of Gen. Cornwallis plus “loyalists” living in the colonies (so called Tories) opposed Washington and the Continental Army. The French joined with the colonists with troops , and sent uniforms resembling those of Napoleon . May 10, Congress authorizes each of 13 colonies to form state governments. June 7 formal resolution calling for independence presented to Congress—British attack Charleston,SC. July 4 1776 Congress adopts Declaration of Independence.
The British initially tried to subdue the colonies--by divide and conqueror--and controlling arrival of supplies by naval blockade-- while maintaining vast territorial control from Canada to Florida to the Mississippi Rive and the Atlantic Ocean. The British initially had success using more conventional military strategy , seizing arms and munitions captured from the colonists, but were bled of supplies due to long supply lines, long distance from replacements. The British troops were led by Major Gen. Gage--while the colonists were led by Col Ethan Allen and Benedict Armold at Battle of Lexington-Concord, Ft. Ticanderoga and battle of Bunker Hill (Breeds Hill).Gen. Gage was replaced by Maj. Gen. Howes. British strategy was to cut off New England, capture the headquarters in Boston, run George Washington out of New York. Most of the Revolutionary War was largely in the north, and the British often won the battles but “lost the war”. Sept and Oct in New York, Dec & Jan 1778 in New Jersey and July 1777 at Ft Ticoderoga, NY.
The colonists utilized surprise, ambush, division , and delaying actions with poorly trained armies.
Edward Wills enlisted Jan 16, 1777—term of service 3 years—age 19—pvt. 14th Va. Rgt later redesignated 10th Va. Rgt. ( the 14th Va. Rgt no longer existed after 1778).. The 14th Va. Rgt of Foot 1776-1778 was the fifth of six regiments ordered to be raised by General Assembly Oct 1776. 5th Bn of newly raised Va Continental Regulars (commanded by Col Charles Lewis Nov 12 1776 to March 28, 1778) -killed in the war—early in the war—replaced by Col . Wm. Davies ( was Lt Col 21 Feb 1777 to 3/20/1778 then promoted to Col.--March 20 1778 to Sept 14 1778 assumed command March 1778). Assigned to 5th company commanded by Capt. Thomas Thweatt of Dinwiddie Co( died 1812 in Halifax Co-taken prisoner at Germantown 10/4/1777)—and Major Samuel Jordan Cabell .
From 5th company was reassigned to 9th company command ed by Capt.John Marks. Col. Charles Lewis instructed to send all men raised to join the main army. To speed the march,soldiers were required to supply their own arms, blankets, clothes. Companies raised joined Gen. Washington’ headquarters at Morristown, N.J. July 1777—having passed through Baltimore, Trenton, Middlebrook. There the sick soldiers were left in each town. The 14th Va Rgt, part of the 2nd Va Brigade, commanded by Brig Gen.Geo.Weedon , of the 5th Division of the Continental forces under Gen Greene in battles of Brandywine( Sept 11) and Germantown (Oct 4). British victory at Brandywine resulted in British occupation of Philadelphia (British under Sir Wm. Howe, commander in chief of British forces. Onset of winter following defeat at Germantown , Washington’s troops moved south of Philadelphia (about 18-20 miles) to the river at Valley Forge..The 14 th Va Rgt had 288 men assigned, but only 118 fit for duty. Dec.19,1777 Washington’s army, tired,cold, lacking much in abilities and training began a six month’s encampment. Cold, sickness, and hardship plagued the Continental army. Then Feb 1778 the arrival of Gen. von Steuben (Prussian army general staff of Frederick the Great, king of Prussia) with his military skills to shape the army into renewed spirit, improved fighting skills as he was given the task of developing, upgrading the military efficiency, discipline and training , despite severe conditions, irregular food supply trains (meat & flour), inadequate clothing & blankets, living in damp crowded conditions. Sickness and disease was rampant, including dysentery, typhus, typhoid, pneumonia caused upward of 2000 illnesses. Morale was lowas Von Steuben tirelessly drilled the troops . Confidence began to be renewed after about 6 months. So by June 19, 1778 the Continental army successfully engaged Lt. Gen (Sir Henry) Clinton and the British army at the battle of Monmouth, NJ. There had been a dramatic transformation of the American forces, and increasing amounts of supplies and equipment followed, along with alliance with the French to help the colonists in military support. When they left Valley Forge, the 14th Va. Rgt had increased from 288 to 408, but of these only 225 were fit for duty, and were assigned to Stirling’s 5th Division.
National Archives & Records (NARA) shows Edward Wills’ war department record as #91730. 14th Va Rgt companies formed from men of Albermarle, Bedford, Fincastle, Pittsylvania, Halifax, Charlotte, Hanover, Bedford, Dinwiddie, Prince George, Goochland, Louisa, Charlotte, Lunenberg counties.. Rendezvous at Charlottesville—then transferred to 5th company (Capt Thomas Thweatt’s company) Dec 1776. He enlisted 16 Jan 1777. Staff officers of the 14th Va Rgt was Col Charles Lewis, Lt. Col. Abraham Buford, Maj. Samuel Cabell, Maj . Geo. Stubblefield. The company grade officers were Capt Thomas Thweatt, Capt John Marks. Company muster roll 14th Va.Rgt of Foot, commanded by Col. Charles Lewis. taken June 13, 1777 has Edward Wills with remarks “ Trenton sick”.Payroll record from April 29 to May 30 1777 shows $6 2/3 or 2 pds, 2 shillings, pence--
(By the end of Dec 1776, Gen. Washington's army had shrunk from casualties, disease, desertion and termination of enlistments to about 2500 men that were fit for duty. Washington hoped to get a strategic or morale victory by attacking Hessian troops at Trenton,NJ. Early morning Dec 26 Washington took a small band of troops which included the First Va. Rgt, crossed the Delaware River and arrived on outskirts of Trenton, and by 9:45 a.m. the Germans surrended. Within a few days of the victory, the British troops marched to Trenton to engage Washington's small army. Fighting across a creek was stopped by darkness , and by the next morning Washington had withdraw his troops. The Continentals marched to Princeton where two groups were designated--one to guard the road to Trenton, and the remaining to attack Princeton--www.uswars.net/1775-1783/states/va/va-01.htm)
William Cabell, b 3/20/1700 d 4/12/1774—1/m Eliz. Burks, 2/m. Mrs. Margaret Meredith (no Chn). Chn: 1. Wm. Cabell, m. Margaret Jordan, ch: Samuel J. Cabell-m. Sarah Syme and had chn: (1) Samuel J. Cabell (m. Eliz. Avery Hartwell) and (2) Margaret Cabell—m John Higgenbotham, had ch: Col. Joseph Cabell Higgenbotham, who married Lucy Wills, dau. of James Wills, Sr and wife: Mildred –Amherst Co
DAR lineage books 152 vol--Lt. Col Samuel Jordan Cabell b 1756 Amherst Co d 1818, married Sarah Syme.--left William& Mary College to raise a company which he commanded at battles of Trenton & Princeton. Promoted to Major for bravery at Saratoga. Made Lt. Col 1778, taken prisoner at Charleston 1780--and end of 1780 was paroled--one of the original members of Society of Cinncinati. Died at "Soldiers Joy". His son was George Washington Cabell who married Mary Ann Anthony and had chilld Patrick Henry Cabell , who married Elizabeth Wills Eubank and had dau. Lucy Brown Cabell who married Gen. John E. Roler.
The fifteen Va. Rgts had a total of 2925 men fit for duty--troop strength was low--all troops were in need of clothing and other necessities. Washington's troops spent the winter and spring recruiting and rebuilding the army to 16,000 regulars and militia. Marching through Philadelphia to Wilmington, Delaware the army was poised for battle near Brandywine Creek, Penn.. They were outmaneuvered at Brandywine, but managed to hold off the British despite the fact that the British force was larger. The British continued their march to Philadelphia entering the city unopposed on 26 Sept.
Washington decided to attack a large enemy force garrisoned at Germantown , Penn
no of weeks for subsistence 10 1/7 at 1 1/3 dollars per week or 4 pds 1 shilling and 1 pence for a total of pay and subsistence of 6 pds 3 shillings and 9 pence –paid.
The company muster roll for June 1777 says “ at Carrells Ferry—sick” while the Company payroll May 30 to June 29, 1777 indicates he was paid 6 2/3 dollars for a month’s service. Other company muster rolls for July , Aug , Oct , Nov , Dec 1777 and Jan , Feb, March 1778 are available, and company payrolls for June to 30 July , Aug , Sept , Oct , Dec 1777 and Jan , Feb , March 1778. Feb 1778 shows “sick—preasant.”
The winter of 1777-1778 saw Washington's army at Valley Forge. Many of the officers during the winter were sent home to recruit for the under-strength units. Baron Von Steuben had been engaged by Washington to train and teach the soldiers. Gen.Howe of the British army had returned home to England, leaving Gen. Clinton in command of the British at Philadelphia. Washington with his now-trained troops were ordered to attack facing the entire British army. Gen Charles Lee, Continental Army retreated, and Gen. Scott held ground until surrounded. Falling back, they met Gen. Washington riding ahead of the main American army. He halted the retreat, formed a line of battle while more troops arrived. The British made several attacks but was repulsed. Clinton then moved the British on toward New York
Thereafter the company muster roll shows Edward Wills at Valley Forge in April and May 1778. The company pay roll beginning March 1778 shows 14th Va. Rgt being commanded by Col Abraham Buford then by Col. William Davies. The company muster roll for July 1778 shows Edward in Capt. John Mark’s Company—Capt. Thomas Thweatt’s company being joined to Capt. Mark’s company on 6th July 1778.
By Sept 1778 the entire Va. Continental line was reduced in strength, primarily due to disease, hardships of campaign, and end of 3-yr enlistments. A board of officers met at White Springs to consolidate the 15 Va. regiments into eleven. The First Va. Rgt was consolidated with the 10th Va.Rgt , and later the 5th, 7th and 11th Regts. The First Va. Rgt was placed under temporary command of Col. Wm. Davies
Aug. 1778 shows Edward Wills at White Plains,NY and Sept 1778 the muster roll is dated “Robertsons” with remarks: “guard”.
Oct 1778 indicates he had been assigned to Maj.Samuel Jordan Cabell’s company of the 14th Va. Rgt stationed at “Middlebrook” and was still there throughout Nov , Dec 1778, and Jan. 1779.
An entry in December 1778 shows Edward Wills in the 10th Va. Rgt, 1778-1779 and another entry shows 1st & 10th Va. Rgt May 1779 transferred from 5th company to Capt John Mark’s 9th company, 10th Va Rgt. His name lasts appears on company muster roll Nov 1779. Edward Wills, soldier, inf., ( Wm. Royall , March 14, 1785—a list of soldiers of the Virginia Line on Continental Establishment who have received certificates for the balance of there (sic) full pay agreeable to an Act of Assembly passed November session 1781 – sum of 55 pds, 9 shillings, 2 pence as a private.).
. By Dec 1778 the war scenario changed to the south . The summer of 1779 the war in the north had become a stalmate. By then the British captured Charleston and Savannah, and the back county of SC and Georgia. The colonists were not “battle field soldiers” but tended to fight like “ squirmish fighters”, as in the battle of Guilford Court house 1781, battle of Kings Mt..and the battle of Camden SC, battle of Cowpens SC and the siege of York town Va
By 1/1781 Richmond was captured and burned by the British. Gen . Cornwallis, tired of chasing the colonists, supply lines for resupplying the British troops being long, replacement troops difficult to get to America handed his sword at Yorktown to his Lt. who surrendered the British army 10/17/1781 to Gen. Washington ( while the band played “ the world turned upside down”). British and Loyalists begin to leave the country, peace talks begin Nov 30 and a Peace treaty was signed 2/3/1783--the Treaty of Paris.
Capt Edward Wills--Va Soldiers of 1776, vol 1, II, III, pg 396
Rev. War Records , pg 121, 227
Register of Virginians in the Revolution, pg 835.
Compiled Service Records of soldiers who served in the American Army during the Rev. War (NARA M881, 1096 rolls.
General Index to Compiled Military Service Records of Rev. War soldiers M860, 58 rolls
Hatcher, Patricia Law—Abstracts of Graves of Rev. Patriots, 4 vol.
Nat.Gen. Society—Index of Rev. War Pension Applications
DAR Patriot –reference code: RFYFFGK—Edward Wills—b. 1758 Eng. d Clarke Co Ga, 1820—wartime residence = Va; wife = Sarah Vaughan
Edward Wills—Historical Register of Virginians in the Revolution—Capt 1 & 10th, Continental Line, 4000 acres.
Virginia in Revolution and War of 1812 Military Records, Edward Wills, pvt. & Capt Edward Wills.
Bureau of Land Management Land Office in OHIO issued general land office patents to the patentee Edward Wills, Capt—3yrs –, land warrants issued, pursuant to act of the Congress of US (passed 10 Aug 1790) to “enable the officers and soldiers of the Va line on Continental Establishment to obtain titles to certain lands lying: NW of Ohio River between Little Miami and Sciotoc; and another act of Congress (passed 9 June, 1794) amendatory of said act…
Serial #OH1940_230 12/22/1814 doc #5975 Patentee: James Galloway—150 acres—warrantee: military service of Edward Wills, assigned to John & Matt. Hobson
_297 9/17/1812 #5976 Patentee: James Galloway—360 acres—warrantee: military service of Edward Wills, assigned to John & Matt. Hobson
_298 9/17/1812 #5976 Patentee: James Galloway—350 acres—warrantee: military service of Edward Wills, assigned to John & Matt. Hobson
Serial #OH1940_445 4/20/1813 doc #5974 Patentee: James Galloway Jr—230 acres—warrantee: military service of Edward Wills, assigned to John & Matt. Hobson
_446 “ doc #5975 patentee: James Galloway—366.67 acres
warrantee: military service of Edward Wills, assigned to John & Matt. Hobson
_447 “ doc #5712…to James Galloway,Jr..200 acres—military service of Edward Wills, assigned to John & Matt.Hobson
_448 “ doc #5827 to James Galloway Jr..120 acres—
military service of Edward Wills, assigned to John & Matt. Hobson to Joseph & Benjamin W. Ladd, assigned to Henry King, assigned byWm W. Cunningham & Edw. Wills
_449 4/10/1823 doc #5973 Patentee: James Galloway Jr—250 acres—warrantee: military service of Edward Wills, assigned to John & Matt. Hobson
_450 “ doc #5973 patentee: James Galloway Jr—250 acres…warrantee: Military service of Edward Wills, assigned to John & Matt. Hobson
_455 4/20/1813 “ #5955 to James Galloway Jr—130 acres—military service of Edward Wills , assigned to Matt. & John Hobson
_ 449 4/20/1813 “ #5970 to James Galloway Jr –50 acres –warrantee: military service of Edward Wills (Capt, 3 yrs)
_511 7/20/1813 “ #5970 to Geo. Townsley—180 acres-assignee of James Galloway Jr—warrantee: military service of Edward Wills assigned b John & Matt Hobson
_537 8/18/1813 “ #5971 to Cadwallader Wallace –124 acres –military service in the Va line on Continental Establishment by Edwa rd Wills, assigned to John & Matt Hobson , assigned to Cadwallader Wallace to Adam Funk
_538 “ #5971 to Adam Funk—150 acres—military service of Edw. Wills assigned to John & Matt Hobson
_542 “ “ “ to Cadawallader Wallace—200 acres-military service of Edw. Wills, assigned to John & Matt. Hobson
_544 8/18/1813 “ #5788 to Cadwallader Wallace—224 ½ acres
Serial #OH1950_158 6/17/1814 “ #5972 Patentee.. Cadwallader Wallace—100 acres—warrantee…military service of Edward Wills, assigned to John & Matt Hobson
_184 6/30/1814 Doc #5972-- Patentee… Cadwallader Wallace—150acres—warrantee…military service of Edward Wills to John & Matt Hobson
Serial #OH1950_340 6/27/1815 “ #4094 to John Ellison…50 acres assigned by Edwd Wills to John &Matt. Hobson who assigned to Adam Funk who assigned to Cadwallader Wallace who assigned to Andrew Ellison who assigned to Robert Ellison who assigned to John Ellison.
_533 4/27/1816 ” #5972 Patentee..Andrew Ellison—262 acres warrantee:military service of Edward Wills who assigned to John & Matt Hobson
Serial #OH1970_584 4/10/1823 #5972…Patentee: Wm. Laughridge..75 acres—assignee of Robt Ellison, assignee of Andrew Ellison, assignee of Cadwallerdar Wallace, assignee of John & Matt. Hobson, assignee Edward Wills—military service of Edward Wills, Capt.
This info obtained from Bureau of Land Management on WWW at www.glorecord.blm. gove/PatentSearch/Results.asp.qryId=84254/28
Nicholas Hobson I—b. Va d 1758 LWT 5/25/ & p 12/5/1758 Brunswick Co Va
m. Agnes Goode
1. John Hobson—bc 1751 Va d 1824 Va
m. Susannah Hatcher
2. Matthew Hobson—bc1755 d 1801
m. Ann Lipscomb
moved to Ga , had numerous children
3. Capt. Nicholas Hobson—b 1745-6 Lunenberg Co
m.18 Mar 1772 Halifax Co. Sarah de Graffenreid—b 8/1755
Lunnenberg d. aft 1809 Jackson Co Ga
Dau. of Tacharner deGraffenried & Mary Baker
4. William Hobson—R.S.—co A 6th Rgt sgt
5. Obedience Hobson--
m. John Bacon (b 1733 d 1785 Ga)
6. Agnes Hobson—
m. William Bacon b 1732 d 1790 Ga
7. Sarah Hobson—
8. Margarata (Mary)—
m. Jaques Bilbo Sr b 1730 d 1799 Va
9. Elizabeth Hobson—
m. Sherwood Bugg
Jay Hobson, 589=05 Warwick Place, Columbus,Ga 31904 –tel: 706-323-6273
Hobson Family History Data Exchange
Martha Jean Atkins Carter Notes, 28 Feb 1990
Dorothy Ford Wulfeck, Marriages of Some Va. Residents 1607-1800)
Betty Wood Thomas, Betty Thomas Notes,
DAR Patriot Index vol 3
DAR Patriot Index Centennial Edition vol 2
Family Group Sheet compiled by Jeannette Lain Swafford
Revolutionary War: Mary Bonds Notes, 24 May 1993, Lt 6th Va Rgt
History of De Graffenried Family 1191-1925
In Search of Our Roots (James and Jean Olson Tatum, 4083 Wildwood Dr. Memphis, Tenn 38111-7329, phone 901-743-6343
Rev. War ( April 1775 to 3 Sept 1783--British and the Loyalists ( colonistrs who remained loyal to Great Britain) plus Indian mercenaries vs. 13 colonies, joined by France, Spain and Holland. There is no comprehensive list of Va. soldiers. Va.soldiers or heirs of deceased soldiers applied for bounty land warrants --when approved , warrants were exchanged for certificates for land located in Kentucky and Va. Military Dist (Ohio) 1792.
Records availabe include payrolls, muster rolls, "publick claims" for supplies for the army.
Bounty Warrants granted by federal government to veterans or their heirs at NARA, microfilm M804, 2670 rolls, or the Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah or the Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young Univ.
Edward Wills awarded Rev. War Bounty Warrants #5969 thru 5976 totalling 4000 acres of land as Capt. with 3 yrs service--warrants were assigned by Edward Wills to John Hobson and Matthew Hobson 7 Nov 1811--Book No. 2 pg 712 by Wm. Penticost--reel #20, and verified by certificate from Land Office 7 Nov 1811 whereby John Hobson received 8 warrants --each for 500 acres, assigned to them by Edward Wills for voucher 5969-5976 and the assignment is filed with vouchers. In addition certificate 5952,5953, 5954, 5955 to John & Matthew Hobson by Ck B lag (?) Land bounty warrant 5951 assigned by Wm. Penticost to John Hobson 29 May 1811 ( along with Lt. Wm. Poyner).
Virginia Soldiers of 1776 by Louis A. Burgess.
War Dept certificate (copy) from Adj. Gen office, Washington DC 3/30/1912 shows Edward Wills enlisted 1/16/1777-s. Henry T. McCain, Adj. Gen.
Index of Revolutionary Ancestors, Sons of American Revolution (SAR) Edmund Burke Boatner , #4590, vol 455--Nat # 98613
Bockstruck, Lloyd Dewitt—Revolutionary War Bounty Land Grants.—Edward Wills, Va, Capt. 7 Nov 1811—8 warrants each for 500 acres=total 4000 acres.
Georgia (State) Rev. War Bounty Land Records (by O’Kelly) –no Edward Wills; but does show Jacob Wills and John Wills
US Census Office, census of pensioners for Rev. or Military Services.
US War Dept, pension roll of 1835, 4 vol
Valley Forge History (http:165,83.115.136/VFMuster/ index.htm)
21 Sept 1811 Edward Wills certified that he knew Barnabas Nather as a Lt.--entered into service 1776.
William Davenport signed affidavit the he knew Edward Wills as a Lt. and Capt in the Rev. War--that he enlisted 1776 and commanded in the 14th Rgt.
Another affidavit signed by Herod Gibbs, Lt, 15th Va Rgt knew Edward Wills as a Captain in the. War, that Edward Wills served upward of 3 years in the 14th Va. Rgt.
Wit: W. Hobson, Christopher ?
Rev. War Bounty warrants for 4000 acres of land awarded Edward Wills for service in the Rev. war. A veteran filed application for military service, and if approved received warrants to be exchanged for land. Warrants could be sold rather than personally taking possession of land. Warrants #5969 5976 were conveyed by Edward Wills (living in Ga.) to John and Matthew Hobson, assignees—testator: Wm G. Pendleton before William Penticost, clerk of Court, who certifies before J.P. 7 Nov 1811. (William Penticost, 1811, reel #20, image 9,ll, 14)
Certificate of "council chamber Nov 7, 1811 states Edward Wills is entitled to the property of land allowed a captain of the Continental line for 3 yrs. service--signed by Gov. William Smith and Wm. P. Leasants
Richard William Pentecost—Rev. Soldier—Pvt. Va
b.. 1763Va or 4 Nov 1762 Dinwiddie Co Va d.1/27/1839 Jackson Co Ga, buried “old Pentecost cem near Winder, Ga. (Barrow Co)
m. Delilah Wood
m. Mrs. Julia or Julianna Brown
m. Mary Bradley
1/c Richard Penticost b 1789 d 1812
2/c Elizabeth Penticost b 1792
m. John Flanagan
3/c Frances Penticost b. 1799
m Jonathan Clark Coker
4/c Selah Penticost b.
m. ? Greenwood
Wm. Penticost-- m. Dorothy Coleman, dau. of Rich. Coleman, Brunswick Co
Office Military Certificates , box 65, Folder 83, cert. Governors.
Genealogy Today: Revolutionary War Bounty Land
A land bounty is a grant of land from the government as reward to repay citizens for the risks and hardships they endured in the service of their country, usually in a military related capacity…free lands in exchange for military service…effective propaganda technique for enrolling support for the war among the citizenry…in Connecticut, New York, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, and Virginia—need to encourage to occupy their newly awarded bounty lands , so they granted exemptions from taxation ranging from a few years to life to those veterans who would located on their respective lands…
Bounty land warrants were issued from the colonial period until 1858 when the program was discontinued. 5 years later, 1863, the right to locate and take possession of bounty lands ceased.
Great bulk of early bounty land of the Rev.war was in Virginia., while the first bounty lands were to be located, in what is now Kentucky. The Virginia military tract was established which is now Ohio. Bounty lands were given by both state and federal
governments. Land grants were granted after proceeding through 3 steps:
1.warrant obtained by paying an amount of money to the State Treasury depending on the size of the plat.
2. the land in question is surveyed by a qualified person
3. the warrant and survey papers are submitted to the State Land Office for the grant. After awarding the grant, the land is owned by the grantee and may be sold or given to subsequent generations. Warrants could be assigned by the original applicants but the original applicant was required to apply for the warrant before assignment could occur.
Federal bounty land warrants were normally for 160 acres, but by 1800 parcels with as little as 100 acres were awarded.
Rev. War bounty lands used as a means of populating frontier lands, ceded Indian lands and enticement of settlement of states, and inducement for the colonists to enlist in military service, as a reward to repay soldiers for risks and hardships endured while in the military. Also used in lieu of compensation offered free lands in exchange for military service, often tying the granting of land with exemptions from taxation from years to life. Land was plentiful, and was not awarded until the war was over. No bounty land for Deleware, NJ, New Hampshire, Rhode Island or Vermont.
Pierce’ Register shows certificates issued by John Pierce, esq, paytmaster General & Commissioner of Army—accounts for U.S. to officers & soldiers of Continental Army under Act of Assembly 4 July 1783—Edward Wills—
certificate #69462 -- $74.00; #69700 -- $80.00; #75661 -- 40.00 #74719 -- $40.60
Non-commissioned officers & soldiers of Va. Line or Continental Establishment, doc.#44, Edward Wills, soldier, inf.Va. Magizine History & Biography, vol II, pg 249, Edward Wills, capt., Va. troops in Continental Line. List of officers & men from Va who served in Cont’l Line—Edward Wills.
Index to Rev. War Pension Applications (NARA) Rev. War Pension and Bounty Land Warrant application files 1800-1900, series M804. Also in Abstracts of Rev. War Pension Files by Virgil D. White.
NARA Record group 14, Federal Bounty Land Applications contains the period Revolutionary to year 1917. Pension files as well as bounty land records can be found in this group. Bounty land for the Revolution and the War of 1812, and the Mexican War are in this group
National Genealogical Society, Index of Rev. War Pension Applications in the National Archives.
State bounty land warrants for the state of Virginia may be found in Record Group 49 in the National Archives.
Federal Land Series by Clifford Neal Smith lists claimants by land office.established for each federal district.
Index for Federal Land Entries , c 1802-1849, published by the Ohio Historical Society is often useful.
Land office military certificates—printed forms with names of Rev. War officers, soldiers and sailors and details of their service in the state or Continental line. In order to receive bounty lands for Rev. War service, he must have served continuously for at least 3 yrs in a Va. or Continental unit, while service in the militia did not count. Once proof of qualifying military service was established and a claim was approved in the Governor’s Office, the governor issued a certificate authoring the land office to issue a warrant. The warrant specified the amount of lands to be received and directed the surveyor of lands to set aside that quantity of land in the western reserves of Kentucky and Ohio. Certificates verify the Rev. War service but not necessarily land ownership since many soldiers or their families sold the warrants to investors or speculators.
Military Warrants 1782-1889 (entry 91 in Va. Land Office Inventory.
Record Group 4 –records of the Executive Branch
Ohio Land Office-records relating to Virginia Military Lands 1787-1851
Virginia Land Office Inventory (Daphne S. Gentry) –revised and enlarged by John S. Salmon.
Nat. Society of the SAR (sons of American Revolution)—membership of ? Boatner, and ?
Library of Virginia—electronic card index—Rev. War Bounty Warrants, card #98, Edward Wills, Capt, Army. Certificate of Herod Gibbs, late Lieut & Wm. Davenport, late Sgt. Affadavit: Union Dist, SC, 1811, see papers Wm. Pentecost
Library of Virginia—Land Office Military Certificates, card catalog—name: Edward Wills, rank: Capt., service: Va. Continental Line—military certificate #: LO5969-5976, box 207, 5 (2 items)—available on microfilm (Va Land Office, Military Certificates, reel 1-38). After examining and approving documentation of Rev War military service, the governor issued a certificate on which the Land Office register subsesquently issued a warrant for bounty lands; certificates printed forms filled in with name,rank, whether service in state or continental line unit, length of service. The original certificates are dated, signed, filed in individual folders along with any supplemental papers presented with the claim other than those actually proving military service, covering 14 July 1782 to Aug.5 1876. LO military cert (RG#4, Va, LO, Register and entry 86 in the Va Land Office Inventory housed in the archives of the Lib. Of Va.
Bounty warrants ( Va-Rev.War) --http://image.vtls.com/collections/BW.html --also RJ.html, and pe.html
The War of 1812 saw the bounty land process being offered again as inducement to bring men into the military—with 3 new military districts created for redemption, including Illinois, Michigan, Arkansas (then Louisiana) but lands in Missouri was substituted for lands of Michigan.
Virgil D. White , Index to Rev. War Service Records, 4 vol.
Schweitzer, Geo. K. Rev. War Genealogy.
Edward Wills—bounty land grants, assigned by Edward Wills to John and Matthew Hobson, Jackson Co Ga (sons of Capt Nicholas Hobson, company officer of 6th Va Rgt, formed from Mecklenburg, Dinwiddie, Prince George, Spotsylvania Co.
Rev. War Records, vol 1—Va,pg 121 ( by Gaius M. Brumbaugh_--Edward Wills, capt.
10th & 14 Va. Rgt.
Patriots of the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution—Edward Wills, DAR #478236; #301725 ,104175, 310110
Va. Magazine of History, vol 2, pg 249—Va. Troops in Cont’l Line.
National Society of DAR (daughters of American Revolution)—membership application based on DAR Patriot Index--Edward Wills—military service no. 97130: DAR #
Madge Boatner Howie (born Potts Camp, Miss, wife of Virgil Howie; dau of Dr. F.P. Boatner, b 1852, m. 1876 Mary E. Wills, b 1856,d1905 who was dau. of Edward G. Wills (b1812, d1862 who married 1835 Ophelia Winters,b1816, d 1882; Edward G. was youngest son of Rev. soldier Edward Wills and wife Sarah Vaughn. Edward Wills enlisted ?1777, 10th Va Rgt, served until 1779 under other commands (pg 41, Lineage Books –vol 105. Another application for membership #104175, pg 61, Mrs. Elizabeth Wills Lord, b.Navarro Co Tex, wife of Geo. Ransom Lord---descendent of Julia McNeill Lacy & Dr. J.M.V. Wills,b1847 –the son of Edward Wills. Another application for membership by Miss L. Pearl Boatner, DAR #`97784, b. Potts Camp, Miss (data similar to that of Madge Boatner Howie).
Library of Virginia—Index to the War of 1812 Pay Rolls & Muster Rolls card catalog—Edward Wills, muster rolls, pg 56 –part of index to pay rolls of militia entitled to Land Bounty under the act of Congress, Sept 28, 1850 (Richmond 1851)—and Muster Rolls of the Virginia Militia in the War of 1812 (Richmond, 1852) which supplements Pay Rolls. Available on microfilm. Also Edward Wills, pay rolls, pg 93—part of index to: Pay Rolls of Militia entitled to Land Bounty under the act of Congress, Sept 28, 1850 (Richmond, 1851) and Muster Rolls of the Virginia Militia in the War of 1812 (Richmond, 1852) which supplements Pay Rolls. Available on microfilm.
Thomas Wills, captain, company officer of 15th Va. Rgt, 3d Va Brigade, 3d Division of Continental Army—relationship to Edward Wills, unknown, if any. (http:188.8.131.52/VF Muster/Reg _15Va.htm). Thomas Wills also shown as company officer of 13th Va. Rgt, 1st Va Brigade, 5th Division (http:184.108.40.206/VFMuster/Reg_13Va.htm
Revolutionary War Bounty Recipients, includes: Wm. Royall; Thomas Glasscock; Thomas Wills; Edward Wills.
Virginia Historical Index—by E.G. Swem, librarian, College of William & Mary
Shows Capt. Wills— Wm.& Mary Quarterly , 2d series, vol. 3, pg 74
Capt. E. Wills—Calendar of Va. State Papers—vol 1, pg 575
Edward Wills -- “ “ “ “ ---vol 5 pg 1, 117
Edward Wills-------“ “ “ vol. 8, pg 519
Virginia Soldiers 1776 by Burgess, pg 396.
Pvt. Edward Wills--Va militia of the War of 1812, vol I , pg 93--also Vol II, pg 56