Cold War Needs Matching key terms



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Cold War Needs

Matching

KEY TERMS

Match each of the following terms with its description below.

a.

conglomerate

b.

franchise

c.

transistor

d.

baby boom

____ 1. enormous jump in the birth rate

____ 2. a corporation made up of three or more unrelated businesses

____ 3. a tiny circuit device that amplifies, controls, and generates electrical signals

____ 4. a business that contracts to offer certain goods and services from a larger parent company

Completion

Complete each sentence or statement.

IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS, PEOPLE, AND PLACES

Complete each of the following sentences by identifying the correct name in parentheses.

5. Secretary of State ____________________ (George C. Marshall, Joseph McCarthy) drafted a plan to help European nations rebuild after World War II.

6. American General ____________________ (Douglas MacArthur, George Patton) led United Nations forces during the Korean War.

7. The trial and execution of _________________________ (Pat McCarran, Ethel and Julius Rosenberg) in 1953 intensified the fear of communism as an internal threat to the United States.

8. In 1959, revolutionary leader ____________________ (Fulgencio Batista, Fidel Castro) overthrew the Cuban dictatorship.

9. Secretary of State ____________________ (John Foster Dulles, Whittaker Chambers) made it clear that the United States would risk war to protect its national interests, a policy known as brinkmanship.



Multiple Choice

Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

IDENTIFYING MAIN IDEAS

____ 10. In response to the formation of NATO, the Soviet Union



a.

created the Warsaw Pact.

b.

left the United Nations.

c.

ended the Berlin airlift.

d.

joined the Marshall Plan.

____ 11. At the Yalta conference, Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin decided to



a.

keep the Soviet Union out of the war with Japan.

b.

divide the defeated Germany into four sectors—American, British, French, and Soviet.

c.

rearm Germany as soon as possible.

d.

set up a world organization that would share knowledge of atomic weapons.

____ 12. Why did the Soviet Union try to force the Allies to abandon West Berlin?



a.

to free the city from German hands

b.

to close an escape route to the West

c.

to strengthen the Warsaw Pact

d.

to support West Berlin’s Communist Party

____ 13. How did Truman react to the USSR’s deployment of an atomic bomb?



a.

He gave approval for the U.S. development of an even more powerful bomb.

b.

He added three more aircraft carriers to the navy fleet.

c.

He declared that another Soviet explosion would be considered an act of war.

d.

He arranged for a meeting between NATO and the Warsaw Pact.

____ 14. One major event that led up to the Korean War was



a.

World War I.

b.

World War II.

c.

the Chinese Civil War.

d.

the Cold War.

____ 15. At the end of World War II, Korea was divided into



a.

Southern pro-American government and a Northern pro-Communist government

b.

a Southern pro-Fascist government and a Northern pro-Communist government

c.

a Southern pro-Communist government and a Northern pro-American government

d.

none of the above

____ 16. Television helped spur economic growth through its



a.

financial programs.

b.

children’s programs.

c.

credit cards.

d.

advertisements.

____ 17. Members of the “silent generation” chose to pursue



a.

serious reading.

b.

entertainment and fun.

c.

political and social reform.

d.

jobs.


Short Answer

KEY TERMS

Use each key term in a sentence that suggests the meaning of the term.

18. U-2 incident



19. rock-and-roll

Essay

CRITICAL THINKING

20. Recognizing Cause and Effect What effect did developments in technology have on the American way of life in the 1950s?


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