Clifton hood



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CLIFTON HOOD
Department of History 119 Auburn Street

Hobart and Wm. Smith Colleges Ithaca, NY 14850

Geneva, NY 14456 Hood@hws.edu

Education

Columbia University. M.A., 1979, M.Phil., 1980, Ph.D., 1986 (U.S. History).

Washington University. B.A., summa cum laude, 1976 (History).
Professional Employment

George E. Paulsen ’49 Professor of American History and Government, HWS, 2011.

Senior Fulbright Lecturer, Seoul National University and Yonsei University, Korea, Spring 2001.

Assistant to Professor of History, Hobart and William Smith Colleges, 1992-.

Assistant Director and Adjunct Assistant Professor of History, LaGuardia and Wagner Archives, LaGuardia Community College\C.U.N.Y., 1987-92.

Instructor of History, Columbia University, 1981.


Research Fields

American urban history, elites, mass transit, New York City, historical memory.


Teaching Fields

American urban history, elites, environmental history, ethnicity and immigration, political history, New York City, late 19th through mid- 20th century U.S., world cities.


Book

722 Miles: The Building of the Subways and How They Transformed New York. (Simon & Schuster, 1993; Johns Hopkins University Press, pbk. ed., 1995, centennial ed., 2004; second ed., 2011).
Books in Progress

“In Pursuit of Privilege: The Upper Class and the Making of New York City, since 1753.” (Under contract with Columbia University Press).

“Making It By Faking It: A Cultural History of Imposters and the Social Limits of Self-Transformation in America, 1820-1940.” (In its early stages).
Selected Articles

“Counting Who Counts: Method and Findings of a Statistical Analysis of Elites in the New York Region, 1947.” Bulletin of the German Historical Institute 55 (Fall 2014): 57-68.

“The Subway and the City,” excerpted from 722 Miles, in The American Urban Reader: History and Theory, ed. Steven H. Corey and Lisa Krissoff Boehm (New York: Routledge, 2010).

Foreword, to Paul Shaw, Helvetica and the New York Subway System: The True (Maybe) Story (New York: Blue Pencil Editions, 2009; trade ed., Cambridge: MIT Press, 2011).

“An Unusable Past: Urban Elites, New York City’s Evacuation Day, and the Transformations of Memory Culture.” Journal of Social History 37 (Summer 2004): 883-913.

“The Subway at 100.” New-York Journal of American History 5 (Spring 2004): 66-92.

“Journeying to `Old New York’: Elite New Yorkers and Their Invention of an Idealized City History in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries.” Journal of Urban History 28 (September 2002): 699-716.

“Politics, Society, Technology: The Development of the Subways and How They Transformed New York City.” Technology and History (Winter 2001): 57-75.



“In Retrospect: Robert G. Albion’s The Rise of New York Port, 1815-1860.” Reviews in American History 27 (June 1999): 171-79.

"The Fragmented Past: Archives in New York City, 1804-1996:” 147-156, in Archives and the Metropolis: Papers Delivered at the `Archives and the Metropolis’ Conference, 11-13 July 1996, ed. by M.V. Roberts (London, 1998).

"New Studies in Gay and Lesbian History." Journal of Urban History 24 (September 1998):

782-792


"Changing Perceptions of Urban Space on the New York Rapid Transit System." Journal of Urban History 22 (March 1996): 308-331.

"Subways, Transit Politics, and Metropolitan Spatial Expansion," in The Landscape of Modernity: Essays on New York's Built Environment, ed. David Ward and Olivier Zunz (New York, 1992).

Eleven entries, on various topics, in Encyclopedia of Urban America (forthcoming), Encyclopedia of New York State (2005), Encyclopedia of the United States in the Nineteenth Century (2001), Encyclopedia of American Studies (2001), American Cities and Suburbs: An Encyclopedia (1998), and Encyclopedia of New York City (1995)

Reviews in Business History Review, Environmental History, H-Environment Roundtable Reviews, Historical Geography, Isis, Journal of American History, Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Journal of Urban History, New York History, Planning Perspectives, Public Historian, Reviews in American History, Technology and Culture, Urban History, and Winterthur Portfolio.


Public Writing

“Riding into the Red,” New York Times, City Edition, January 30, 2005.

“Cheer the Workers as well as Big Shots,” New York Daily News, October 26, 2004.

“Impeachment as a Final Act of War,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, September 11, 1998.

"When They Saved a Subway Car for the Fairer Sex," New York Newsday, October 27, 1994.

"Underground Pioneers," City Journal, 4 (Spring 1994): 82-87.

"Privatizing Exacts Its Own Costs," New York Times, main editorial page, August 28, 1993.
Papers and Presentations

“Counting Who Counts: Method and Findings of a Statistical Analysis of Economic Elites in the New York Region, 1947.” Social Science History Association, Chicago, IL, November 22, 2013. By invitation of the German Historical Institute, Washington, DC, as part of a session on the challenges of biography.

“The Draft Riots and the Upper Class: Experience, Meaning, Memory.” Conference on New York State History, Cooperstown, June 6-8, 2013. By invitation of the publisher’s subcommittee of the New York State Historical Association.

“The Ferry Not Taken: Why Upper-Class New Yorkers Stayed in Manhattan Instead of Moving to Brooklyn.” Urban History Association Conference, New York City, October 27, 2012.

“Culture and Enterprise: The Roots of New York City’s Rise to Dominance.” Society for the History

of the Early Republic, Philadelphia, July 15, 2011.

“A Collision of Aspirations: Elite Men’s Clubs and Social Competition in Gilded Age New York

City.” Business History Conference, St. Louis, April 1, 2011.

“Learning to be Upper Class: Social Construction in New York City’s Murray Hill Neighborhood,

c. 1870-1910.” Urban History Association Conference, Las Vegas, October 22, 2010.

Organizer and moderator, “Joel Tarr and Environmental History: A Career in Perspective,” Urban History Association Conference, Las Vegas, October 22, 2010.

“New York City’s Upper Class, the 1863 Draft Riots, and the Idea of the Dangerous Classes.”

Organization of American Historians, Washington, D.C., April 9, 2010.

Panelist, “Our Corner: 34th and Fifth.” Gotham Center for New York City History, December

10, 2008.

“Caught in the Storm: The Responses of Upper- Class New Yorkers to Their City's Rapid Economic Growth in the Mid-Nineteenth Century." Urban History Association Conference, Houston, November 7, 2008.

“Wealth against Wealth: Responses of New York City Elites to the Commercial Reorganization of

New York City in the Early Nineteenth Century.” Business History Conference, Sacramento, CA, April 12, 2008.

“How New York Became the National Metropolis.” Keynote address. Ninth National Conference on American Planning History, Society for American City and Regional Planning History, Philadelphia, November 2, 2001.

Panelist, “Building New Subways in New York: A 100-Year Look at Politics and Finance,” Gotham History Festival, New York City, October 6, 2001.

“The Culture of Uncontrolled Urban Environments: New York’s Elevateds and Subways.” An International Conference: Culture and Environment in Urban Contexts: Beijing, Hong Kong, and New York City, Hong Kong, May 19, 2001.

“Internationalizing Urban History: An American Scholar’s Perspective.” American Studies Association of Korea, Seoul, March 31, 2001.

“The Dissolution of Tradition: The Case of New York City’s Evacuation Day.” American Historical Association, Boston, January 5, 2001.

“John Henry Hobart and the De-Anglicization of New York City.” Third National Policy History Conference, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH, June 2, 2000.

"The Emergence of New York City as the Dominant Metropolis in North America." Organization of American Historians, Toronto, April 21, 1999.

"The Search for a Usable Past: New Yorkers and their Fascination with New York City’s History." Columbia University Seminar on the City, New York City, January 25, 1999.



"London and the Rise of New York City, 1756-1861." Metropolitan Seminar, Centre for Metropolitan History, London, October 15, 1997.

"The Rise of New York Revised: Warfare, Trade, and Imperial Affairs in the Eighteenth Century." Chicago Urban History Seminar, Chicago, April 10, 1997.

"New York's Subways: Politics, Planning, Society." Conference on Historic Iron Railways: Technical Structures or Living Monuments? [Stahlerne Hochbahnviadukte-technische Verkehrsbauten oder lebendige Denkmale?], Technical University of Berlin, Berlin,

November 30, 1996.

"The Fragmented Past: Urban Archives in New York City, 1804-1996." Archives and the Metropolis Conference, at the Centre for Metropolitan History, London, July 13, 1996.

"Physical Mobility and Social Distance: New York City's Straphangers, 1880-1920." Organization of American Historians, Anaheim, CA, April 17, 1993.

"Travel in New York City, 1870-1920: The Elevateds and the Subway." Social Science History Association, Chicago, November 7, 1992.

"John F. Hylan and the Politicization of New York's Subways, 1918-1925." American Historical Association, Chicago, December 30, 1991.

"Speed, Fantasy and the `Subway Zone': The Impact of the IRT on New York City, 1904-1917." Subway History Conference, New York City Transit Museum, Brooklyn, NY, May 10, 1991.

Moderator and organizer, panel discussion on "New York's Really New Immigrants." Columbia University Seminar on the City, Chinatown History Museum, New York, NY, April 25, 1991.

"On the Edge of Modernity: The New York Subway, Transit Politics, and Metropolitan Spatial Expansion." Social Science Research Council conference on the Landscape of Modernity, New York City, December 2, 1990.

"The Public Abandonment of New York's Subways, 1934-1953." Organization of American Historians, Washington, DC, March 23, 1990.

"New York's Subways." Columbia University Seminar on the City, May 18, 1987.

Comments at sessions of the Business History Conference, Organization of American Historians, Society for American City and Regional Planning History (two), and Urban History Association (two).

Talks, on various subjects, at the Brooklyn Historical Society, Florida Atlantic University, Korean Association of Technological and Industrial History, Korean Research Institute on Human Settlements, Lake Forest College, Mohawk Valley Community College, Museum of the City of New York, New York Public Library, New York City Transit Museum, New York Council for History Education, New-York Historical Society, and Washington University in St. Louis.
Mass Media

Interviewed on camera for five historical documentaries, including New York Underground (the American Experience series, PBS, 1997), Urban Trains (History Channel, 1998), and Subways in America (Discovery Channel, 2003).

A 722 Miles book talk given at the New York Transit Museum was aired on CSPAN2's Book TV program (1998).

Interviewed for National Public Radio’s Morning Edition, (twice), including a1993 featured profile (five minutes), for Weekend Edition, and for Talk of the Nation: Science Friday.

Interviewed on-air for Bloomberg Radio program on the Second Avenue subway (2014).

Quoted in AM New York (2008), American History (2006), Christian Science Monitor (1995), City Journal (2005), CNN.com (2012), Investor’s Business Daily (2002), Korea Herald (2001), National Geographic (1997), Los Angeles Times (2004), New York Daily News (various), New York Newsday (various), New York Times (various), Newsday (various), St. Paul Pioneer Press (2002), San Diego Union-Tribune (2013), Toronto Star (1991), USA Today (2004), and Wall Street Journal (2009), Wall Street Journal Japan (2013).

Profiled in The Chronicle of Higher Education (full page, 1995) and Il Messaggero [Rome]


(full page, 1994).

Interviewed by ARD (German public radio), BBC-4 (London, radio), Cultura (Brazilian public television), KARN-FM (Little Rock, ARK), NY-1 (New York City cable television), WBGO FM (Newark, NJ), WNYC-FM (New York City), WPAT-FM and AM (Paterson, NJ), and WXXI-AM (Rochester, NY).


Professional Honors

Faculty Award for Community Service, HWS, 2008.

Manuscript Award, New York State Historical Association, 1993, for 722 Miles.

President’s Fellow, Columbia University, 1977-79.

J. Walter Goldstein Prize, best history department graduate, Washington University, 1976.
Professional Activities

Internal

Chair, Professor Matthew Crow’s Review 1, 2014-2015.

Faculty Steering Committee, Centennial Center for Leadership, 2014 –

Keynote address, Parents Weekend and Homecoming, “The Challenges of Scholarship: Writing

the History of New York City’s Upper Class,” November 21, 2013.

Chair, History Department, 2011-12.

Chair, U.S. History Search Committee, 2011-12.

Chair, Professor Laura Free’s Review II, 2011.

Library Committee, 2011-12.

Co-chair, History Department Self-Study, 2008-11.

Committee on Tenure and Promotion (elected), 2008-11.

Standards and Criteria Committee (elected), reviewing department and program documents created as

part of a revised tenure and promotion process, 2008.

Chair, African History Search Committee, 2007-2008.

Chair, History Department, 2000-2003.

Chair, African-American History Search Committee, 1999-2000.

Chair, Urban Studies Program, 1996-98.

Committee on the Faculty (elected), 1995-96.


External

Board of Trustees, Western Reserve Academy, 2015-. Committees: Education and Planning;

Buildings and Grounds; College Counseling.

External Reviewer, Niagara University History Department, 2013.

External reviewer, Manhattan College History Department, 2012.

Outside member, dissertation committee for Adam Zalma, Ph.D candidate in History, Rutgers

University (Alison Isenberg, chair; Jackson Lears, Ann Fabian), 2011-2014.

Presenter, two Junior Forums on Immigration History, for 240 middle school students from the

Archdiocese of Newark, NJ, April 15, 2011, and 210 middle school students from the Archdiocese of New York, June 10, 2011, Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History.

Panelist, Division of Research Programs, National Endowment for the Humanities, 2010.

Lead historian, Seminar on History of the Gilded Age for Teachers, Moorehead, MN, Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, February 18-19, 2010.

Lead historian, two Summer Seminars on History of the Gilded Age for Teachers, Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, June [New York City] and August [Wayne, NJ] 2009

Presenter, Summer Seminar on Urban Social History for Teachers, New York City, Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, 2008.

Presenter, Summer Seminar on Urban Social History for Teachers, Gilder Lehrman Institute of

American History, 2008.

Conference Committee, Urban History Association, 2007-2008.

Panelist, Division of Research Programs, National Endowment for the Humanities, 2005.

Chair, Committee on Organization and By-Law Revision, Urban History Association, 2005-06.

Steward, Archives Partnership Trust, New York State Archives, 2004-.

Panelist, Division of Access and Preservation, National Endowment for the Humanities, 2004.

External Reviewer, Department of History, Manhattanville College, 2003.

Board of Directors, New York Council for the Humanities, 2001-2007;

Chair, Programs Committee, 2005-2007; Member, Executive Committee, 2005-2007,

Vice Chair, 2006-2007.

Editorial Board, The New-York Journal of American History, 2001-09.

Chair, Lewis Mumford Prize Committee for Best Book in Urban Planning, Society for American City and Regional Planning History, 2003.

Conference Committee, Urban History Association, 2001-02.

Ellis W. Hawley Prize Committee, Organization of American Historians, 2000-01.

Board of Directors, Urban History Association, 1999-2001.

Associate Editor, Encyclopedia of New York State, 1998-2005.

Membership Secretary, Urban History Association, 1994-97.

Chair, Best Article Committee, Urban History Association, 1992.

Associate Editor, Encyclopedia of New York City, 1988-95.

Secretary, Columbia University Seminar on the City, 1978-80.


Grants

Gilder Lehrman Fellowship, 2006.

Fulbright Scholar, Seoul National University, Korea, 2001.

Research and manuscript grants from Harry S. Truman Library (1998), Gerald R. Ford Library (1996), Rockefeller Archive Center (1996), Cornell University Rare and Manuscript Collections (1993), Columbia University Seminars (1991), and Hobart and William Smith Colleges (various).


Professional Memberships

American Historical Association, Business History Conference, Organization of American Historians, Urban History Association.


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