I became the undisputed master of the Roman Empire around 49 BC. This was the beginning of a reign of reforms in the Roman society and government. I proclaimed myself a dictator for life. Who am I?
Answer questions 9-10 by reading the passage and quote below.
Anacharsis of Greece
Anacharsis was a Greek who traveled through the land during the 6th century BC. He gained wisdom from his observations. He once said, "Written laws are like spider's webs; they will catch the weak and poor, but would be torn in pieces by the rich and powerful
What is the meaning of this quote from Anacharsis?
Laws can be corrupted by the wealthy.
Ancient dirt roads were built by poor people.
The poor write the best laws.
Without laws, there can be no wisdom.
According to the quote, how did Anacharsis become wise?
In a comparison of the ancient cities of Athens and Sparta, Sparta placed more emphasis on
I was one of the most influential military commanders in history. I conquered most of the world known to the ancient Greeks and never lost a battle. I lived during the period 356 to 323 BC. The drawing shows me listening to my famous teacher. Who am I?
Alexander the Great
Which describes a government that controls many territories and people?
By 300 BC, this location boasted of being a democracy, with citizens elected by councils, running the court system and participating as judges and jury. Yet, this same system had slaves. Also, most women could not take part in government. Where was this?
Essential Standard C&G.1.4
A major reason for the decline of the Roman Empire was
After the fall of Rome, the eastern portion of the Roman Empire became known as the
Answer questions 19-20 by reading the quote below.
A Quote from Aristotle
Aristotle was a Greek philosopher. He lived between 384 - 322 BC. He once said that all art, all investigation and every human pursuit or undertaking seems to aim at some good. He also said that 'the good' is that at which all things aim. He applied this idea to government. He explained that "The good of man must be the purpose of politics."
Which statement about Aristotle is not supported by the passage?
He was Greek.
He was a philosopher.
He lived over 2,300 years ago.
He was a scientist.
What is the main idea of Aristotle's quote?
The aim of good government should be the protection of the people.
Scientists should be politicians.
Philosophers make the best politicians.
Art and music are very important to good government.
Answer questions 21-23 by reading the passage below.
The Decline of the Roman Empire
Historians debate why the Roman Empire came to an end. They explain it could have been due to weak emperors, plagues and disease, or lack of government participation by the people. Weak emperors could have caused political confusion. Plagues and diseases spread among some parts of the population. Less participation in government by the upper classes in political and economic decisions may have meant they were becoming lazy and more interested in relaxation or leisure. The empire was strongest when people were making great achievements in art, architecture, math and science. Near the end of the Roman Empire, these intellectual thoughts had diminished.
What statement is NOT correct according to this passage?
A civilization can only survive with good scientists and little else is important.
Art and science are keys to a strong civilization.
Good political leadership maintains order in a civilization.
Plagues or disease can weaken a civilization.
The main idea of this passage is
to explain the fall of the Roman Empire
to detail the strengths of Roman civilization
to argue that the Roman Empire was superior to Greek civilization
Which person in the chart is being referred to by the following statement?
In addition to being a mathematician, he is also credited with designing a number of machines.
The following question should be answered in a complete paragraph. This paragraph should have an introduction sentence that states your claim, a body with 2-3 sentences that supports your claim and a conclusion sentence.
Historians have differing views on which ancient cultures were the most significant to the growth of the United States. We have just studied Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. Which of these ancient cultures do you feel has had the greatest significance on our contemporary culture?