Classical Civilizations Rome/Greece



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Name:_____________

Date:______________

First Unit Test


Classical Civilizations

Rome/Greece

1______A major impact of Ancient Greece and Rome on Western Civilization was that



  1. the Greeks and Romans succeeded in achieving a classless society, which was later copied in Western Europe

  2. Greek sculpture and Roman architecture were much admired and copied in the 18th and 19th centuries

  3. Greece and Rome transmitted Islamic philosophy to the areas they conquered

  4. Greek and Latin are still widely spoken in universities throughout the West

2____An immediate result of the fall of the Roman Empire was



  1. a renewed interest in education and the arts

  2. a period of disorder and weak central government

  3. an increase in trade and manufacturing

  4. the growth of cities and dominance by the middle class

3.____Buildings such as the Gothic cathedrals in western Europe and the Parthenon in ancient Greece, reflect each

society’s


  1. imperialist attitudes

  2. cultural values

  3. belief in democracy

  4. rigid social class structure

4.____ In comparison of the ancient cities of Athens and Sparta, Sparta placed more emphasis on




  1. education

  2. military service

  3. family order

  4. human rights

5._____ Olympic games, the poems of Homer, and Hellenistic culture are associated with which ancient civilization?




  1. Egyptian

  2. Greek

  3. Roman

  4. Phoenician

6.____ The Ancient Athenians are credited with



  1. inventing and using the wheel

  2. eliminating slavery

  3. establishing governments that had democratic elements

  4. inventing the printing press

7._____ Both the Ancient Romans and the Ancient Chinese viewed foreigners as barbarians. This is an example of



  1. cultural diffusion

  2. materialism

  3. imperialism

  4. ethnocentrism

8._____ A major contribution of the Roman Republic to Western European culture was the



  1. concept of government by laws

  2. belief that political power should be controlled by the military

  3. establishment of agricultural communes

  4. rejection of the concept of slavery

9.______ Which ancient civilization established the basis of western democracy?



  1. Phoenician

  2. Egyptian

  3. Sumerian

  4. Greek

10._____ The political system of the Ancient Roman Empire was characterized by



  1. a strong central government

  2. rule by a coalition of emperors and religious leaders

  3. universal suffrage in national elections

  4. a strict adherence to constitutional principles

11._____ Important long-term contributions of Ancient Greek and Roman civilizations are primarily found in the area of



  1. military technology

  2. religious doctrine

  3. economic policy and planning

  4. government and law

12._____ The Ancient Greek city-state of Sparta



  1. was primarily concerned with the health of their people

  2. was a powerful military state

  3. granted universal suffrage to their people

  4. placed great emphasis on literature and the arts

13._____ An immediate result of the fall of the Roman Empire was

  1. a renewed interest in education and the arts

  2. a period of disorder and weak central government

  3. an increase in trade and manufacturing

  4. the growth of cities and dominance by the middle class

14.______ A major contribution of the Roman Empire to Western society was the development of

  1. gunpowder

  2. the principles of revolutionary socialism

  3. monotheism

  4. an effective legal system

15.______ Which society practiced direct democracy?

  1. Ancient Athens

  2. Dynastic China

  3. Gupta Empire

  4. Rome

16.______ One effect of rugged, mountainous geography on the civilization of ancient Greece was the development of

  1. Greece and Rome were often at War

  2. The mountainous terrain of Greece resulted in small city states

  3. Extensive trade with Persians

  4. Belief in one God.

(I swear if anyone gets these next three questions wrong, I will literally end you)





  1. Isolation

  2. Cultural diffusion

  3. Armed conflict

  4. Urbanization

18._____ Which leader is most closely associated with the accomplishment shown in the illustration?

  1. Charlemagne

  2. Mansa Musa

  3. Alexander the Great

  4. Suleiman the Magnificent

19.______ Alexander the Great’s Conquests of Greece, Asia Minor, Egypt and Persia led to the

  1. Spread of Hellenistic culture

  2. Adoption of a feudal system

  3. Establishment of representative democracy

  4. Spread of Islamic culture throughout Europe

20. _______ Which heading best completes the partial outline below?

I._______________________________________________

A. Established a direct but limited democracy

B. Stressed the importance of the individual

C. Considered the political ideas of Socrates, Plato and Aristotle

D. Encouraged all citizens to participate in government



  1. Political Developments of the City-States of Athens

  2. Effects of the Roman Empire on Economic Development

  3. Influence of Belief Systems on Byzantine Society

  4. Achievements of the Age of Enlightenment

21. ______ Which statement about Greek Civilization is an OPINION rather than fact?

  1. Boys in Sparta were trained to be soldiers

  2. Athens had a better culture than that of Sparta

  3. Socrates, Plato and Aristole were Greek Philosophers

  4. Many adults in Athens did not have the right to vote

22. _______What was one cause of the development of many small independent city-states in ancient Greece?

  1. Greece and Rome were often at war

  2. The mountainous terrain of Greece resulted in widely scattered settlements

  3. Military leaders found small Greek settlements easy to control

  4. The Greek people had many different languages and religions

23.________ What effect did the geography of ancient Greece have on its early development?

  1. The mountainous terrain led to the creation of independent city states

  2. A lack of natural seaports limited communications

  3. An inland location hindered trade and colonization

  4. The printing press

24.__________ The Ancient Romans’ most significant contribution to Europe has been in the area of

  1. economics

  2. poetry

  3. drama

  4. law

25.________ Which societal condition was basic to the development of Greek philosophy?

  1. rigid social classes

  2. emphasis on individualism

  3. religious uniformity

  4. mass education

26.________ Important long-term contributions of Ancient Greek and Roman civilizations are primarily found in the area of

  1. military technology

  2. religious doctrine

  3. economic policy and planning

  4. government and law

Matching:



A. Pax Romana


______ He was an important Roman emperor. He converted to Christianity.

B. Barbarian


______ Citizens elect representatives. It lasted in Rome from 509 to 27 B.C.

C. Constantine


______ It was the written law of Rome. It included concepts like innocent until proven guilty.

D. Republic


______ It was a golden age in the Roman Empire. It was a time of peace, prosperity, and achievements.

E. Twelve Tables


______ It marks the fall of Rome. High taxes, invasions, and corrupt rulers were factors.

F. Code of Justinian


______ They were the wealthy landowners of Rome. They served in the Senate.

G. Punic Wars


_______ It was an ethnocentric term. It referred to a person outside of the Roman Empire (member of a Germanic tribe).

H. 476 A.D.


_______ These wars between Rome and Carthage led to Rome’s rise to power as an empire builder.

I. Patricians


_______ They were the working people of the Roman Empire. They wanted political rights.

J. Plebeians


_______ After the fall of Rome, a Byzantine emperor collected and organized all Roman laws into a code.

Short Essay Question:

In two paragraphs describe Athens and describe Sparta in the space below:


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