Clara Barton Interview



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Bibliography

Primary Sources:

Interviews:

Joly, Donna. “Clara Barton Interview.” E-mail interview. 19 Nov. 2014.

Donna Joly works at the Clara Barton Birthplace Museum. She gave us a lot of information about Barton’s personal background, which then gave us insight on how she became the “Angel of the Battlefield.”

McGraw, Hilary. "Clara Barton Interview." E-mail interview. 18 Nov. 2014.

Hilary McGraw is a worker at the National Women’s History Museum. Her information gave us an overall sense of Barton’s leadership and legacy, which we incorporated into our website.
Butler, Lynn. "Clara Barton Interview." E-mail interview. 20 Nov. 2014.

We used the information from Lynn Butler, who also worked at the Clara Barton Birthplace Museum, to get her opinion of Clara Barton, besides Donna Joly.


Finta, Susan. "Clara Barton Interview." E-mail interview. 11 Jan. 2015.
Susan Finta is a Park Ranger at Clara Barton National Historic Site. Our interview with her gave us a very in-depth view at Clara Barton and the controversy that made her significance fade.
Books:
Barton, Clara. The Story of My Childhood. New York: Journal, 1907. Google Books. Web. 25 Oct. 2014.
Barton retells her earlier life with vast information about her background. A sense of her views on the world and how she acted when her family was in need is explained in her autobiography. A quote was used from her book on the “Personal Background” page.
Barton, Clara. The Red Cross of the Geneva Convention: What It Is. Washington, D.C.: Steam Power Book and Job Printer, 1878. Print.
Clara Barton writes a persuasive pamphlet on the reasons the American Red Cross should be established. This shows her thinking and a description of the branch. It had been quoted on the “Founding the Red Cross” page.
Website:

"Red Cross Disaster Services Began in 1881." Red Cross Disaster Services Began in 1881. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Jan. 2015. .

This article, from the official American Red Cross website, gives a detailed description of its important work in previous times, and specifically their first work, with the Great Michigan Fire. A quote was taken from this website, and it was used on the “Long-Term Effects” section.



"Programs & Services." Programs & Services. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2015. .
This website breaks down the basic aspects of the American Red Cross today. On the section of our website, titled “Long-Term Effects,” we had quoted information about blood services from the website above.
Secondary Sources:

Website:


"Women in the Civil War." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2014.

We used the information from this website to help us write the historic background and about women’s war efforts in general.


Pruitt, Basil A. "Combat Casualty Care and Surgical Progress." Annals of Surgery. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2015. .
This was an analytical paper explaining the evolution of care for soldiers. A quote was used from this source on the “Historical Background,” which was about how soldiers in the Revolutionary War were treated.

Lewis, Jone Johnson. "Clara Barton Quotes." N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2015. .


This source contains many quotes by Clara Barton. A quote had been used on the “Civil War” page.
"Clara Barton: Her Leadership, Her Legacy | Clara Barton - Birthplace Museum." Clara Barton: Her Leadership, Her Legacy | Clara Barton - Birthplace Museum. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Nov. 2014.

We used the information from this website to help us get a very brief, overall understanding of her legacy.


"National Women's History Museum." Education & Resources. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2014.

This information was used to get a brief summary of Barton’s life. It was the basis for the more in depth research that occurred later on.

"History of the ICRC." History of the ICRC. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2014.

We used the information on this website to provide a historical base for the creation of the American Red Cross.


United States. National Park Service. "A Resolution Providing for Expenses." National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2015. .
This website has a transcription of the official statement for Barton to be reimbursed for $15,000. This primary source was quoted on the “Missing Soldiers Program.”
"Barton, Clara." Gale U.S. History in Context. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2014.

We used the information to get a sense of her mission of the American Red Cross and its first years.


"Clara Barton." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2014. http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/biographies/clara-barton.html  

United States. National Park Service.

We used the information to get a general sense of her traveling and actions during the Civil War.
"Clara Barton at Antietam, Part 2." National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, 20 Nov. 2014. Web. 21 Nov. 2014. http://www.nps.gov/anti/historyculture/clarabarton2.htm

This information was used to briefly clarify her life’s work, specifically with the cemetery at Andersonville and the Franco-Prussian war.


"Founder Clara Barton." Clara Barton. American Red Cross, n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2014. .
Barton’s life experiences are further explained in sectioned parts. This leads up to the effects of the American Red Cross, and how it helps in our society today.
Books:
Tilton, Rafael. The Importance of Clara Barton. San Diego, CA: Lucent, 1995. Print.
The print book provides an account of Barton’s life in depth. The main events were enriched with factual evidence in order, helping to summarize her accomplishments.

Epler, Percy Harold. The Life of Clara Barton. New York: Macmillan, 1915. Google Books. Web. 20 Oct. 2014.


Barton’s life is detailed from the beginning to the end with descriptions. Then, in support, the events are given with a balance of primary source quotations and an analytical response to them.

Barton, William Eleazar. The Life of Clara Barton : Founder of the American Red Cross. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1922. Internet Archive. Web. 7 Nov. 2014.


The book honors Barton’s life and the actions she took in it. It provides ample text on important parts of her life.
Young, Charles Sumner. Clara Barton; a Centenary Tribute to the World's Greatest Humanitarian. Boston: R.G. Badger, 1922. Google Books. Web. 29 Oct. 2014.
Later retold in the book are the efforts made by Barton. They are detailed with specific evidence in chronological order.
Video:
"American Red Cross 2013: Arms Open and Full." YouTube. YouTube, 18 Oct. 2013. Web. 31 Jan. 2015. .
This video was used on the “Long-Term Effects” page, and it gives a summary of the American Red Cross’ relief work in 2013.
Pictures:

"Civil War Photos." - Industry and Infrastructure. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2015. .

The source above includes several Civil War photos. We utilized the image of the Civil War railroad system for the “Historical Background” page.

The Red Cross Has Received More than $15 Million in Donations, and Pledges so Far for the Town of Moore. "Donations for Oklahoma Top $20 Million." CNNMoney. Cable News Network, n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2015. .


An image is found on this source, depicting an American Red Cross worker comforting a victim of the Oklahoma tornadoes.

"Did You Know?" Oklahoma & Midwest Tornadoes. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2015. .


For the Oklahoma tornadoes, the relief aid statistics by the American Red Cross are represented in the image from this website.
"Reading Europe." - A Memory of Solferino. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Jan. 2015. .
This source provided us with the book cover of Un Souvenir de Solferino, which was used on the "Founding the American Red Cross" page.

"Top 10 Forgettable Presidents." Time. Time Inc., 10 Mar. 2009. Web. 19 Jan. 2015. .


This source supplies the cover photo of President Chester A. Arthur on the “Founding the American Red Cross” section.

"Clara Barton Granted With Medicine Supplies By William." Osshistoryblogofclarabarton. N.p., 04 May 2011. Web. 02 Feb. 2015. .


Within the “Civil War” section, a picture of William A. Hammond was used, which is from this website.
"Civil War Military Service of the "Uncles" of Paula Christine Johnson." Civil War Military Service of the "Uncles" of Paula Christine Johnson. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Jan. 2015. .
A nurse is depicted in this photo, who is assisting with wounded men. It was used on the “Civil War” section.

"Baltimore Riot." Littleton Historical Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014. .


The painting of the 6th Massachusetts Infantry (on the “Civil War” tab) is from the source above.

"Orginals ~ Lincoln and Clara Barton." Orginals ~ Lincoln and Clara Barton. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2015. .


The illustration of Barton and Lincoln was taken from the above website.
"The Franco-Prussian War (1870)." The Franco-Prussian War (1870). N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2015. .
The image of wounded soldiers in Franco-Prussian War is found on this source, along with a description of how the ICRC aided with the war.
"Strasbourg." -- Kids Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2015. .
The image on this source is a map with Strasbourg, France marked on it.

"The 1900 Storm: Galveston, Texas." The 1900 Storm: Galveston, Texas. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2015. .


The website above has the hurricane and tidal wave damage image on the “Short-Term Effects” page.
"1889 Pennsylvania Flood Was as Big as Mississippi River | WIRED." Wired.com. Conde Nast Digital, n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2015. .
In the source above, the aftermath of the Johnstown, PA  flood in 1889 is depicted. On our website, the picture is found on the “Short-Term” portion.
"Ironclad Warships of the Civil War." American Civil War Stories. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2015. .
The picture of the ironclad warship (utilized for the “Historical Background” portion) was originally from this source. It also included a small explanation of its use.
"The American Civil War: The Gruesome Suffering of Soldiers Exposed." The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group, n.d. Web. 17 Jan. 2015. .
We utilized the wounded Union soldier picture from this website. It is found on the “Historical Background” tab.
"Clara Barton." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2015. .
The photograph of Clara Barton is taken from the above source, and was put on the “Controversy” page.
"Philippine Republic Stamps." : 1956 50th Anniversary Philippine National Red Cross. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2015. .
The image of Mabel Boarderman was found on the website above. On our website, it is found on the “Controversy” page.
"Telegraph." Telegraph. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2015. .
Several covers of the Harper's Weekly newspaper are archived on this website. The picture of the telegraph on the “Civil War” page is found on the website above.  

"Civil War Guns List Pistols Weapons Rifles Revolvers Swords." Civil War Guns List Pistols Weapons Rifles Revolvers Swords. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2015. .


This website includes various photos of Civil War rifles with descriptions on their backgrounds. The image we used is on the “Historical Background” page.
"Clara Barton's Red Cross Ambulance, 1898." National Museum of American History. N.p., 15 Mar. 2012. Web. 01 Feb. 2015. .
This website provided an image of an actual Red Cross ambulance in 1898, along with an explanation of its origin.

"Sentencing Reset for Men in Arizona Wildfire Case." - FOX 10 News. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2015. .


This website supplied information on the cause of the wildfire in Arizona, and a picture, which was used on the “Aid in Recent Times” page.
"Clara's Family | Clara Barton - Birthplace Museum." Clara's Family | Clara Barton - Birthplace Museum. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Jan. 2015. < http://clarabartonbirthplace.org/site/?q=node%2F13 >.
This website explained the importance of Clara Barton’s family members. The pictures we used of her parents and her brother, David, are from this website.

"Profile for Oxford, Massachusetts, MA." Oxford, Massachusetts Town Information. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Jan. 2015. .


The Oxford, Massachusetts map is originally taken from the above website. Within our website, it was used on the first slide of the timeline.

"Grounds at Andersonville, Georgia." Omeka RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Jan. 2015. .


"Chester A. Arthur | Biography - President of United States." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2015. .
This encyclopedia source was utilized for the picture of President Chester A. Arthur (within our timeline). This source has a description of his presidency as well.
"In Pictures: Boston Marathon Bombing- Several Die and More than 130 Injured." The Telegraph. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2015. .
Within the “Aid in Recent Times” section, an image of the devastation was found from this source. This website has a slide show of various images taken at the event.
"The Civil War in America Epilogue." Epilogue. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2015. .
This source contains a copy of the primary source document, “Rolls of Missing Men.” It was used on the “Missing Soldiers Program” tab.
"Clinton Liberal Institute, Fort Plain, N.Y." 1891 Clinton Liberal Institute Ft. Fort Plain NY. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2015. The image taken from this website was of the Clinton Liberal Institute. It was used in both the “Personal Background” and “Timeline” page.
"(Clara Barton School House in Bordentown, NJ of 9 of 24)." (Clara Barton School House in Bordentown, NJ of 9 of 24). N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Jan. 2015. .
An image of Barton’s school in Bordentown, New Jersey was found from this source.
"New York State Library." Interior of Fort Sumter: Battle of Fort Sumter: Online Exhibit:. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Jan. 2015. .
The Battle of Fort Sumter sketch (an image originally on the cover of Harper’s Weekly) was included as part of the website above. It had then been used for the timeline on our website.

"The Collection." Battle of Bull Run VA July 21st 1861. Gallant Charge of the Zouaves and Defeat of the Rebel Black Horse Cavalry — Collection » Fine Arts » The Museums » Springfield Museums. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2015. .


This source contains an artistic depiction of the Battle of Bull Run, with a short description, giving us an idea of the event.
United States. National Park Service. "Clara Barton National Historic Site."National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2015. .
This website has a copy of the “Roll of Missing Men,” which is primary source and is displayed on our timeline. Also, the website has a short paragraph that further explains the publication.
"Red Cross in American History." Red Cross in American History. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Jan. 2015. .
This website has an image of an advertisement for joining the American Red Cross. We had used this as a link on the “Leadership” page
"Disaster Relief." Disaster Response. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2015. .
This source described the American Red Cross’ relief work in recent times, which is also where the picture of their aid is from (on the “Short-Term” section).
"U.S. Patent Office Building, Wash., D.C." U.S. Patent Office Building, Wash., D.C. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Jan. 2015. .
Library of Congress has a photo of the U.S. Patent Office. It was used, on our website, for the “Personal Background” page.

"In View Series Hosted by Larry King." In View Series Hosted by Larry King. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2015. .


The Hurricane Sandy devastation image is found here. It is used on the “Aid in Recent Times” tab.
"Did You Know?" Sandy Response. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2015. .

On the “Aid in Recent Times” section, the picture with statistics from Hurricane Sandy relief is from this source.


"Arrow Clip Art." Arrow Clip Art. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Jan. 2015. .Web. 25 Jan. 2015.

The blue arrow indicator is an image from this website. It was used to direct the flow of information of the “Aid in Recent Times” tab.


"Obama Honors Victims, Heroes of Sandy Hook Shooting." N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Jan. 2015. .
The picture of the Sandy Hook shooting with the troubled young child was originally used on this website.
United States. National Park Service. "Clara Barton and Andersonville."National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior. Web. 06 Feb. 2015. .
This website provides a description of Barton’s work at the cemetery at Andersonville. We used the image for the “Locating Missing Soldier” page.


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