Civil War True/False



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Civil War
True/False

Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
1. In the early months of the war, the two sides wore uniforms that were difficult to distinguish, and men on the same side were often mistaken for the enemy
2. Most of the soldiers who fought in the Civil War were under the age of twenty-one, many as young as ten.
3. The Emancipation Proclamation would have allowed slavery to continue in the South if the South was willing to surrender.
4. The first two Civil War battles fought in Georgia were coastal battles at Tybee Island and Fort Pulaski.
5. Colonel Olmstead had to surrender Fort Pulaski because the Union guns knocked the brick walls of the fort down.
6. President Abraham Lincoln promised the southern states that he would not interfere with slavery in states where it already existed if the South would remain in the Union.
7. The Civil War officially began when Confederate forces opened fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston harbor.
Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
8. The original capital of the Confederate States of America was

A

Atlanta.

B

Richmond.

C

Montgomery.

9. Which federal garrison in Georgia was captured by Confederate forces within weeks of Lincoln’s inauguration?



A

Fort Clinch

B

Fort Pulaski

C

Fort Oglethorpe

10. Which statement does not describe an advantage of the Union forces during the Civil War?



A

The North had a “standing,” or established, army and navy.

B

The North had home-field advantage because most battles were fought in their states.

C

The North had heavy railroad tracks and more miles of track.

11. The two major campaigns fought in Georgia during the Civil War were the



A

Atlanta campaign and the Savannah campaign.

B

Northern Georgia campaign and the Atlanta campaign.

12. The “March to the Sea,” which devastated much of Georgia on a path from Atlanta to Savannah, was led by which Union commander?



A

Gen. William T. Sherman

B

Gen. William S. Rosecrans

C

Gen. Ulysses S. Grant

13. Which American document led to the freedom of over four million slaves in the United States?



A

The Declaration of War

B

The Emancipation Proclamation

14. Where were the first major attacks in Georgia by Union troops?



A

Fort Pulaski and Tybee Island

B

Fort Clinch and Savannah

C

Fort McAllister and Bryan County

15. Most of the Civil War battles fought in Georgia took place in



A

1864.

B

1861.

C

1863.

16. After the devastating destruction caused by his march through Georgia, why did General Sherman not burn Savannah?



A

His West Point roommate was from Savannah.

B

He protected over $28 million worth of cotton stored in Savannah.

C

He gave Savannah to President Lincoln as a Christmas present.

17. After the Civil War, the commander of the Andersonville Prison was



A

awarded a Medal of Recognition for his attempts to improve horrid prison conditions.

B

promoted to head the investigative teams examining POW camps in the North and South.

C

executed for allowing excessive cruelty at the Andersonville Prison.

18. What were common nicknames for Civil War soldiers?



A

Butternut and Blue Belly

B

Unions and Rebels

C

Johnny Reb and Billy Yank

19. Which woman, who served as a nurse in the Civil War, went on to establish the American Red Cross after the war?



A

Mary Boykin Chesnut

B

Clara Barton

C

Phoebe Pember

20. Which role was atypical of southern women during the Civil War?



A

Publishing books and magazine articles about the war and this period of history

B

Working as nurses

C

Maintaining family farms and businesses

21. Why did General William T. Sherman attack the civilian infrastructure between Atlanta and Savannah?



A

To punish the South for seceding from the Union and forming the Confederacy

B

To end civilian support for the war effort and shorten the war

C

To retaliate for lives lost in the battle for Atlanta

22. Which battle forced President Lincoln’s hand and made him prepare Union troops for war?



A

Battle of Fort Pulaski, Georgia

B

Battle of Fort Sumter, South Carolina

C

Battle of Fort Jefferson, Florida

23. Why did the South absolutely have to keep its ports open and operational during the Civil War?



A

It had to ship cotton to Great Britain and France in exchange for supplies and arms.

B

It was dependent upon the millions of dollars made by privateers to support the war effort.

24. What caused the Confederate defeat at Fort Pulaski?



A

A two-pronged attack by Union naval and land forces

B

The collapse of the fort’s brick walls

25. Which major Civil War battle resulted in the most casualties on both sides?



A

Battle of Gettysburg

B

Battle of Chickamauga

26. Given the South’s extensive railroad system, which was used to move farm products, supplies, and cotton, why did the North enjoy supremacy in rail transportation as the war got underway?



A

The North had the capital (money) to replace destroyed engines and rail cars while the South did not.

B

The northern commanders quickly destroyed all of the South’s rail lines.

C

The South’s rail tracks were too light to carry troop trains and heavy equipment.

27. What economic problem faced the Confederacy once the war was underway?



A

The South had to print a new currency for the Confederate States of America.

B

The South could not ship its cotton to markets abroad to earn money to support the war effort.

C

The South did not have any large banks so there was no one to loan money to the new government.

28. Which Union tactic caused the most damage to the South’s economy during the Civil War?



A

Establishing blockades of southern seaports

B

Gaining control of the ports on the Mississippi River

29. The border states that remained in the Union during the Civil War were



A

Texas, Arkansas, Kentucky, and West Virginia.

B

Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri.

30. Which statement is not true of Union policies toward African American troops in the Civil War?



A

Most African Americans who served in the Union Army served in all-black units led by white officers.

B

Most of the African Americans who served in the Union Army served in integrated units that included blacks, whites, and Latinos.

31. During the Civil War, which condition did not create a hardship for civilians in the South?



A

Children who did not attend school worked in factories or on farms.

B

Medical supplies were in short supply.

C

There were no replacement parts to repair broken manufacturing equipment.

32. Which statement describing the integration of forces in the Union and Confederate armies during the Civil War is false?



A

African Americans were not allowed to serve in the Confederate Army.

B

Immigrants were often met in New York as they arrived in the United States and offered money to serve in the Union Army.




33. Who does the woman in the cartoon represent?

A

The Union

B

Great Britain




34. Why did the Union blockade shown in the map go as far north as Delaware?

A

Delaware traded with the South.

B

Delaware was a southern state.

C

Delaware was a border state that had some sympathy for the South.

35. What was the purpose of the blockade shown in the map?



A

To cut off southern trade

B

To keep the Confederate navy in port

C

To frighten the Confederate civilians



Matching
Match each item to the most appropriate description.

A

Sutler wagons

D

Chickamauga

B

Anaconda Plan

E

Col. Santos Benavides

C

Andersonville

36. Notorious southern prison camp where many soldiers died


37. Private businesses that followed troops and sold food and supplies to them
38. Confederate commander who drove Union troops out of Texas
39. Indian name meaning “River of Death”
40. Northern plan to cut the Confederacy in half, squeezing it to death

Civil War

Answer Section
TRUE/FALSE
1. T
2. T
3. T
4. T
5. T
6. T
7. T
MULTIPLE CHOICE
8. C
9. B
10. B
11. A
12. A
13. B
14. A
15. A
16. B
17. C
18. C
19. B
20. A
21. B
22. B
23. A
24. B
25. A
26. C
27. B
28. A
29. B
30. B
31. A
32. A
33. A
34. C
35. A
MATCHING
36. C
37. A
38. E
39. D
40. B


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