Civil War Project Responsibilities



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Civil War Project
Responsibilities

1. Every member of each group will have a complete set of notes for every battle and

for each of the teacher assigned Civil War commanders

Complete set of notes is all the 5 W’s answered (see examples) and every

battle/commander fact answered
2. PowerPoint presentation of the various Civil War commanders assigned to each group
3. Group presentation of the PowerPoint given by all members of the group equally.
4. Group evaluation completely filled out
5. Turn in notes on the due date: __________________________________.
Directions

1. Get into your teacher assigned groups


2. Each group will research all of the required battles

Each group will be assigned certain Civil War commanders to research


3. Divide responsibilities and record each group member’s name next to their responsibility

ex: John Doe - Vicksburg, Thomas Jackson


4. There will be three days of library research to find information on battles and commanders

-Use any book in the library

**Try these books first: Encyclopedia, Biographical Dictionary,

Encyclopedia of American Dates and Facts, Civil War Encyclopedia



-No Internet during class time, so do not ask!

-Copy down all information and share research within group after all the responsibilities

have been completed

-Use your time wisely!


5. Double check the list of battle facts and commander facts for completion
6. Complete PowerPoint presentations

-Must have 5 W’s (including all facts from checklist under “Why”)

-Must have at least one picture of each commander (from Civil War)

*Only accepted Internet site is:



plattscsd.org -> libraries -> SMS -> Mr. Hartmann’s Civil War Project

7. Each group will turn in only one set of complete notes (all battles and assigned people) on the due

date. The PowerPoint presentation must also be completed by the due date.
8. Each student will complete the group evaluation form. Please complete this by yourself and be

honest, no body will see these evaluations besides the teacher.



Battles

Fredericksburg (4)

Gettysburg (10)

Chancellorsville (4)

Appomattox Courthouse (day of surrender) (4)

Antietam (6)

Shiloh (4)

Vicksburg (2)

Sherman’s March/“March to the Sea” (months/years, major cities) (3)

Bull Run (7)


Battle Format

Who: Generals at Battle (Only those generals from the class list)

What: Winner of Battle (Union or Confederate)

When: Date of Battle Month, Day(s), and Year

Where: City or Town, State

Why: Details of Battle (These are found on the provided checklist)

*size of battle, quotes, important deaths, statistics, interesting facts, importance
Example:
1st Bull Run

Who: North-A. Burnside, W. Sherman

South-T. Jackson, P. Beauregard, J. Longstreet

What: Confederate Victory

When: July 21, 1861

Where: Manassas, VA

Why: -proved both sides needed training

-gave Confederate Army confidence

-proved the war would be long, not short and easy for either side

-Bull Run is a small stream east of the battlefield

-“There is Jackson standing like a stone wall.” -General Bee

-Union retreated and Confederates ordered to gather dropped supplies

-General McDowell removed from top command of Union army and replaced by George

McClellan


Checklist of Battle Facts

-Mandatory for these to be included under “Why”

-Write name of battle next to each fact found and record it into each set of notes
Bull Run-proved both sides needed training

_____-Lee’s first attempt to bring the war into the North in 1862

_____-turning point of the war

_____-burned Atlanta because it was an industrial city

_____-one of the Union’s worst defeats(Union-12,653 dead, Confederate-5,322 dead)

_____-Lee hoped to win a decisive victory on Northern soil to lower Northern morale in 1863

and force Lincoln to negotiate peace

Bull Run-gave Confederate Army confidence

_____-Union forces surrounded Confederacy, cut off supplies

_____-Lee was brilliant and went against text book warfare; split troops into two groups, Lee’s

greatest victory

_____-Grant ordered Rebels to keep their horses “for spring plowing.”

Bull Run-Bull Run is a small stream east of the battlefield

_____-ten roads led to the small town, troops met on accident

_____-narrow Union victory? Confederates won the first day of battle until Grant

showed up with reinforcements

_____-used concept of “total war”

Bull Run -“There is Jackson standing like a stone wall.” -General Bee

_____-51,000 died in three days, 32% of South’s Army; North-23,000 South-28,000

_____-Union forces outnumbered Confederate forces by two to one(80,000 vs. 40,000), still a very

narrow victory for the Union, some historians call it a draw

_____-“The war is over. The rebels are our countrymen.” -Grant

Bull Run -proved the war would be long, not short and easy for either side

_____-Beauregard wrote Grant a request to stop fighting and bury the dead

_____-first mistake: not chasing Union troops and allowing them to regroup

_____-Lee surrendered to Grant on 4/9/1865 ending the Civil War

_____-McClellan stalled at driving Lee back South, McClellan is relieved of command. He had a

chance to end the war and capture Lee. Outnumbered Southern troops 2:1

_____-largest battle in the Americas

_____-“the day of the battle was blue, the next morning it was white.” Confederate soldiers stripped

the dead Union soldiers of their clothes and supplies

Bull Run-Union retreated and Confederates ordered to gather dropped supplies

_____-Burnside removed of command, replaced by Hooker

_____-purpose: to destroy the South’s ability to wage war

_____-Hooker was unable to make decisive decisions, no one knows why. One thought is the

cannon ball that nearly decapitated him. Removed of command, but no permanent replacement

_____-named after small, log cabin that served as a Southern Methodist church

_____-named after creek on the Miller Farm

_____-Pickett’s Charge - up Cemetery Ridge into gun fire, reached the top of the ridge but

couldn’t maintain their position, casualties extreme

_____-Confederates outnumbered two to one; 130,000 Union vs. 60,000 Confederate

_____-Lincoln's Gettysburg Address (November 19, 1863)

_____-gave Union control of Mississippi River, split the South in two

_____-Grant would resign if Lee was arrested

_____-more Americans killed(3,400) or wounded/missing (23,000) than in the American Revolution,

War of 1812, and Mexican War combined

_____-Union victory allowed President Lincoln to issue Emancipation Proclamation, now Lincoln had

duel purpose of preserving the Union and ending slavery

Bull Run -General McDowell removed of command and replaced by George McClellan

_____-Meade ignored orders and doesn’t follow Lee

_____-following the advise from his men, Burnside asked for a halt in fighting to bury the dead

_____-Jackson shot by own troops, arm amputated 2 inches below L. shoulder, died at 3 P.M. on

5/10/63 of pneumonia, buried in Lexington, VA

_____-second mistake: Confederates not taking Round Top

_____-9/17, single bloodiest day in American history (26,000 dead)

Commanders

Union Confederate

Ulysses S. Grant (8) Robert E. Lee (6)

George McClellan (8) Thomas Jackson (5)

George Meade (3) Pierre Beauregard (4)

Philip Sheridan (2) George Pickett (5)

William Sherman (5) James Longstreet (4)

Joe Hooker (10)

Ambrose Burnside (5)


Commander Format

Who: Name of Individual

What: Role in Civil War: 1)Side 2)Major Battles (Only those battles from the class list)

When: Complete date of birth (DOB) – Complete date of death (DOD), location of birth

Where: Prewar Occupation (ex: jobs, military experience/ previous wars), home

Why: Personal Notes (These are found on the provided checklist)

*personality, fighting style, interesting facts, post-war career
Example:
Who: Ambrose Everett Burnside,

What: 1) Union 2) Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg

When: May 23, 1824 (IN) - September 13, 1881 (RI)

Where: tailor, West Point (1847), Mexican War, frontier duty, lived in RI

Why: -nicknamed “Ambie”

-unwilling, slow, cautious general

-took over for McClellan, replaced by Hooker

-post war: Governor of RI, businessman, US Senator of RI

-known more for his hairstyle than his leadership: “Sideburns”
Checklist for Union Commander Facts

-Mandatory for these to be included under “Why”

-Write name of commander next to each fact found and record it into each set of notes
Burnside-nicknamed “Ambie”

_____-took over for Burnside, replaced by Meade

_____-great organizer and military strategist, but reluctant to use Army

_____-didn’t follow Lee after Gettysburg

_____-Lincoln said he had a case of “the slows”

_____-cannonball struck a porch near his head and he lost his nerve

_____-wrote Lee’s surrender in terms that would prevent treason trials

Burnside-unwilling, slow, cautious general

_____-saw himself as a young Napoleon

_____-resigned in 6/1863

_____-most of his success came in the later years of war

_____-after Shiloh Lincoln stated, “I can’t spare this man, he fights.” Directed “ March to the Sea” and

pinned Lee in Northern VA

_____-graduated second in class at West Point

_____-always felt slighted by superiors and often verbalized criticism

_____-after Presidency worked for a financial firm, went bankrupt, suffered from throat cancer,

and wrote memoirs

_____-unsuccessful Democratic Presidential candidate in 1864, lost to Lincoln

Burnside-took over for McClellan, replaced by Hooker

_____-post war: businessman, author, Governor of NJ

_____-believed a military dictatorship was needed to win the war

_____-graduated West Point after one-year suspension for chasing an officer with bayonet

_____-criticized for being a butcher, cared only of superior numbers, reckless with his own men

_____-post war: Army, succeeded Sherman as general-in-chief

_____-nicknamed “Cump”

_____-“War is Hell”

_____-took over for Scott, replaced by Burnside

_____-basically built Union Army from scratch



Burnside-post war: Governor of RI, businessman, US Senator of RI

_____-promoted to general-in-chief after Grant becomes President

_____-nickname “Fighting Joe”

_____-drinking problem

_____-one of the most immodest and immoral Union commanders

_____-did not follow traditional war strategy of people like Napoleon

_____-postwar: Army, overseen reconstruction in GA, Al, and FL

Burnside-known more for his hairstyle than his leadership: “Sideburns”

_____-wounded in foot at Antietam

_____-served as 18th President

_____-lacked confidence of superiors

_____-last name associated with prostitution, as prostitutes were always around camp

_____-general that Lincoln was searching for

_____-modernized warfare - “Total War” - destruction of anything useful to the enemy

_____-took over for Hooker, replaced by Grant


Checklist for Confederate Commander Facts

-Mandatory for these to be included under “Why”

-Write name of commander next to each fact found and record it into each set of notes
_____-great defender, but poor offensive strategist

_____-at Five Forks went on a picnic and was attacked, lost front line, demoted

_____-”The Stonewall Brigade never retreats!”

_____-led attack on Fort Sumter

_____-father served as one of Washington’s Generals

_____-nicknamed “old Pete”

_____-Post War: President of Washington College, now named Washington and Lee in VA

_____-nicknamed “Stonewall” after Bull Run and his refusal to retreat

_____-property taken over by the Union made into Arlington National Cemetery

_____-great commander and there has been much speculation over how the South would have done

if he was not, killed, Lee’s top commander

_____-shot in hand at Bull Run, ran from doctor prior to amputation

_____-nicknamed “Little Napoleon”

_____-Lincoln’s first choice to lead US forces, resigned from the US Army in April of 1861

_____-post war: railroad president, lottery supervisor, and politician

_____-Civil War’s greatest general

_____-graduated last in class at West Point

_____-post war: insurance agent, lottery supervisor of Louisiana, US minister to Turkey

_____-relieved of command at Appomattox

_____-post war: insurance agent

_____-one of the best fighters, but over-deliberate to the “Lost Cause”

_____-set slaves free prior to war, opposed secession

_____-shot by own troops at Chancellorsville, young soldier fired upon him in disbelief

and was shot in arm, amputated 2 inches below shoulder, died 8 days later of pneumonia

when Dr. placed wet towels on him to ease fever

_____-refused post-war offers to command foreign armies



_____-led Pickett’s Charge up Cemetery Ridge during Gettysburg, severe casualties

Bonus Questions:
1. What was the full name of the “inventor” of baseball who fought at Fort Sumter?
2. Describe the event that happened on 10-19-1864 in St. Albans, Vermont.
3. Where was the location (Brrr!) of the last military conflict of the Civil War?


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